Trishtubh, Triṣṭubh, Tri-shtubh: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Trishtubh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Triṣṭubh can be transliterated into English as Tristubh or Trishtubh, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Trishtubh in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्).—A poetic metre;1 a Chandas serving as a horse in the Sun's chariot,2 with Gāyatri and Jagati forms the Trivarṇam or Praṇava.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 45; XI. 21. 41; Matsya-purāṇa 125. 47.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 72; Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 64; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 5.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 145; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 47.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing eleven syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. It can also be spelled as Triṣṭup. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Triṣṭubh.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eleven’. Note: triṣṭubh is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trishtubh in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्).—f. a metre of 4 x 11 syllables.

Triṣṭubh is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and ṣṭubh (ष्टुभ्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्).—f. (-ṣṭup) A form of metre, the stanza consisting of four lines of eleven syllables each, or of five lines, one of eleven and four of eight each, forming altogether forty-four syllables; there are other varieties.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्).—i. e. tri-stubh, f. A kind of metre, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 12, 45.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्).—[feminine] [Name] of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Sv. Oppert. 4660.

2) Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्):—Sv. ibid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Triṣṭubh (त्रिष्टुभ्):—[=tri-ṣṭubh] [from tri] f. a metre of 4 x 11 syllables ([Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya xvi, 41 ff.; Nirukta, by Yāska vii, 12]), [Ṛg-veda viii ff.; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā etc.] (bhām arkau Name of 2 Sāmans)

2) [v.s. ...] (in the later metrical system) any metre of 4 x 11 syllables.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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