Shanaishcara, Śanaiścara, Sanaiścara, Sanaishcara, Śānaiścara, Shanais-cara, Shanaikcara: 15 definitions



Shanaishcara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śanaiścara and Sanaiścara and Śānaiścara can be transliterated into English as Sanaiscara or Shanaishcara or Sanaishcara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shanaishchara.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Shanaishcara in Natyashastra glossary
Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Nava-graha (Hands that indicate the Nine Planets).—Śanaiscara: left hand–Sarpa-śīrṣa, right hand–Triśūla.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर) refers to the planet Saturn, which can de depicted using hand gestures (hasta or mudrā).—The Śanaiścara is depicted in dance with the left hand in śikhara-hasta and the right hand in triśūla-hasta.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Śanaiścara (सनैश्छर, “Saturn”).—Son of Bhava (aspect of Śiva, as in, one of the eight names of Rudra) and Suvarchalā, according to the Pādma-purāṇa.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर, “saturn”) or Śani refers to one of the Navagraha (“nine planetary divinities”), as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—In images Śanaiścara [Śani] is found with two hands in sthānaka posture. The right hand is in abhaya-hasta and the left hand is in urū-hasta.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shanaishcara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Sanaiścara (सनैश्चर).—(Saturn) Śrutakarma, traverses each sign of the zodiac in thirty months—generally an evil planet.1 A son of Chāyā and Vivasvat (Mārtāṇḍa, Viṣṇu-purāṇa);2 fought with Naraka in the Devāsura war;3 fed by the svarāṭ ray of the sun; above the Bṛhaspati planet; goes on in an iron chariot.4 One of the nine grahas;5 found on the side of Soma;6 rise of, reddish in colour, a bad omen;7 stands above Bṛhaspati;8 in the chariot of Tripurārī;9 chariot of, drawn by horses.10

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 22. 16.
  • 2) Ib. VI. 6. 41; VIII. 13. 10; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 50, 71, 83, etc; III. 59. 32, 49, 82; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 11; III. 2. 4.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 10. 33.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 23. 87; IV. 2. 133.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 93. 44; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 83.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 40.
  • 7) Ib. 133. 21.
  • 8) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 133.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 127. 8; 128. 49; 133. 21.
  • 10) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 79; 53. 32; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 20.

2a) Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर).—A son of Rudra and Suvarcalā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 49; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 76; 11. 23.

2b) An Ātreya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 20.

3) Śānaiścara (शानैश्चर).—The place of Śanaiścara above that of Bṛhaspati.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 60, 97.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Śanaiścara).

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर) or Śani refers to the planet Saturn and represents one of the nine planets (Navagraha), commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—His colour is blue; his Vehicle is the tortoise; his Symbol is the rod.

Śanaiścara is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Śanaiścara rides on a tortoise and is blue in colour. He holds the rod”.

[Saturn (viz., Śanaiścara) is not represented in the Chinese collection. The selection of the slowest animal tortoise for the slowest of the planets, Saturn, is very significant].

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर) refers to “saturn” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, śanaiścara]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shanaishcara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śānaiścara (शानैश्चर).—a. (- f.).

1) Relating to Saturn.

2) Falling on a Saturday.

--- OR ---

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर).—a. going or moving slowly; शनैश्चराभ्यां पादाभ्यां रेजे ग्रहमयीव सा (śanaiścarābhyāṃ pādābhyāṃ reje grahamayīva sā) Bh.1.17 (where it means 'Saturn' also).

-raḥ the planet Saturn.

Śanaiścara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śanais and cara (चर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर).—m.

(-raḥ) The planet Saturn or its mythological personification. Adj. Moving slowly. E. śanais slowly, and cara who goes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śānaiścara (शानैश्चर).—i. e. śandiścara + a, adj. Falling on a Saturday, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 16, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर).—[adjective] moving slowly; [masculine] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर):—[=śanaiś-cara] [from śanaiś > śana] mfn. walking or moving slowly, [Bhartṛhari]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the planet Saturn or its regent (cf. śani), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (in, [Mahābhārata] also applied to other planets and even the sun)

3) [v.s. ...] Saturday, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

4) Śānaiścara (शानैश्चर):—mfn. ([from] śanaiś-cara) relating to Saturn or to his day, falling on a Saturday, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर):—[śanai-ścara] (raḥ) 1. m. Planet Saturn or its regent.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर):—(śanais + 1. cara)

1) adj. langsam einherschreitend [Medinīkoṣa] avj. 82. pādau [Spr. (II) 2169.] —

2) m. = śani der Planet Saturn (ein Sohn des Sonnengottes) [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 27.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 94. 3, 3, 209.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 120.] [Halāyudha 1, 48.] [Mahābhārata 2, 447. 3, 148] (unter den Namen der Sonne wie auch andere Planeten). [?16171. 5, 4840. 12, 13692. Harivaṃśa 611. 12794. 14076. Rāmāyaṇa 3, 52, 15. 5, 5, 23. 85, 2. Spr. (II) 2169. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 9, 40. 10, 18. 11, 18. 46, 11. 96, 17. 103, 2. BṚH. 3, 5. LAGHUJ. 2, 3. Kathāsaritsāgara 48, 71. Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 583.Viṣṇupurāṇa 59. 266. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 52, 11. 78, 33. 106, 15. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 23, 7. 6, 6, 39. 8, 13, 10. Oxforder Handschriften 25] , b, [34. 26], a, [4. 34], b, [41. 69], b, [5. 328], a, [No. 777. fg. 330], a, 25. pūjā [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1264.] [ 34.] [Pañcatantra 50, 19.] saṃvatsara [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 303.] śanaiścara so v. a. vāra (s. śanivāra) Sonnabend [Spr. (II) 3419.]

--- OR ---

Śānaiścara (शानैश्चर):—(von śanaiścara) adj. zu Saturn —, zu seinem Tage (Saṃstag) in Beziehung stehend, an einem solchen Tage erfolgend: grahaṇa [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 13, 9.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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