Tritiya, aka: Tṛtīya; 8 Definition(s)


Tritiya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tṛtīya can be transliterated into English as Trtiya or Tritiya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Tritiya in Shiksha glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tṛtīya (तृतीय, “the third”) is the name of a note (svara) used by singers of the sāmas (religious songs from Sāmaveda), corresponding to the ṛṣabha-svara of the flute, according to the Nāradīyā-śīkṣā 1.5.1. The Nāradīyā-śīkṣā is an ancient Sanskrit treatise dealing phonetics and musicology. Its proclaimed author is the Nārada.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Śikṣā
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Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Tṛtīya (तृतीय).—The third consonants out of the class consonants; वर्गतृतीय (vargatṛtīya); viz. ग्, ज्, ड्, द् (g, j, , d) and ब् (b); cf. यथा तृतीयास्तथा पञ्चमा आनुनासिक्यवर्जम् (yathā tṛtīyāstathā pañcamā ānunāsikyavarjam) M.Bh. on P. I. 1.9.

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Tṛtīyā (तृतीया).—The third case; affixes of the third case (instrumental case or तृतीयाविभक्ति (tṛtīyāvibhakti)) which are placed (1) after nouns in the sense of an instrument or an agent provided the agent is not expressed by the personal-ending of the root; e. g. देवदत्तेन कृतम्, परशुना छिनत्तिः (devadattena kṛtam, paraśunā chinattiḥ) cf. P. III. 3.18; (2) after nouns connected with सह् (sah), nouns meaning defective limbs, nouns forming the object of ज्ञा (jñā) with सम् (sam) as also nouns meaning हेतु (hetu) or a thing capable of produc ing a result: e. g. पुत्रेण सहागतः, अक्ष्णा (putreṇa sahāgataḥ, akṣṇā) 23 काणः, मात्रा संजानीते, विद्यया यशः (kāṇaḥ, mātrā saṃjānīte, vidyayā yaśaḥ); cf. Kas. on P. II.3.19,23; (3) optionally with the ablative after nouns meaning quality, and optionally with the genitive after pronouns in the sense of हेतु (hetu), when the word हेतु (hetu) is actually used e. g. पाण्डित्येन मुक्तः (pāṇḍityena muktaḥ) or पाण्डित्यान्मुक्तः (pāṇḍityānmuktaḥ); केन हेतुना (kena hetunā) or कस्य हेतोर्वसति (kasya hetorvasati); it is observed by the Varttikakara that when the word हेतु (hetu) or its synonym is used in a sentence, a pronoun is put in any case in apposition to that word i.e. हेतु (hetu) or its synonym e.g, केन निमित्तेन, किं निमित्तम् (kena nimittena, kiṃ nimittam) etc.; cf. Kas. on P. II. 3. 25, 27; (4) optionally after nouns connected with the words पृथक्, विना, नाना (pṛthak, vinā, nānā), after the words स्तोक, अल्प (stoka, alpa), as also after दूर, अन्तिक (dūra, antika) and their synonyms; e.g. पृथग्देवदत्तेन (pṛthagdevadattena) etc. स्तोकेन मुक्तः, दूरेण ग्रामस्य, केशैः प्रसितः (stokena muktaḥ, dūreṇa grāmasya, keśaiḥ prasitaḥ); cf. Kas. on P.II.3.32, 33, 35, 44; (5) optionally with the locative case after nouns meaning constellation when the tad. affix after them has been elided; e.g. पुष्येण संप्रयातोस्मि श्रवणे पुनरागतः (puṣyeṇa saṃprayātosmi śravaṇe punarāgataḥ) Mahabharata; cf. P.II.3.45; (6) optionally with the genitive case after words connected with तुल्य (tulya) or its synonyms; e.g.तुल्यो देवदत्तेन, तुल्यो देवदत्तस्य (tulyo devadattena, tulyo devadattasya); cf. P. II.3.72.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Tritiya in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tṛtīyā (तृतीया).—A river. This river sat in the court of Varuṇa worshipping him. (Śloka 21, Chapter 9, Sabhā Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Tritiya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

tṛtīya (तृतीय).—a (S) Third.

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tṛtīyā (तृतीया).—f (S) The third day of the lunar fortnight.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tṛtīya (तृतीय).—a Third.

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tṛtiyā (तृतिया).—f The third day of the lunar fortnight.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tṛtīya (तृतीय).—a. The third.

-yaḥ 1 The 3rd consonant of a Varga.

2) (in music) Name of measure.

-yam A third part; वनेषु च विहृत्यैवं तृतीयं भागमायुषः (vaneṣu ca vihṛtyaivaṃ tṛtīyaṃ bhāgamāyuṣaḥ) Ms.6.33. ind. For the 3rd time, thirdly; तृतीयमप्सु नृमणा अजस्रम् (tṛtīyamapsu nṛmaṇā ajasram) Rv.1.45.1.

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Tṛtīyā (तृतीया).—

1) The third day of a lunar fortnight.

2) (In gram.) The instrumental case or its terminations.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tṛtiya (तृतिय).—adj. (= Pali tatiya, Sanskrit tṛtīya), third; rare and only m.c. in BHS: SP 92.7; LV 111.11; by em. (mss. tṛtī°), m.c., SP 46.11; Mv i.174.16; in Gv 256.7 text tṛtī°, should be tṛti° m.c. All verses. Cf. s.v. dvitiya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 77 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Akṣayatṛtīyā (अक्षयतृतीया).—f. (-yā) The third day of the lunar half of the month of Vaisak'ha....
Tṛtīyaprakṛti (तृतीयप्रकृति).—f. (-tiḥ) 1. A eunuch. 2. The neuter gender: see tṛtīyāprakṛti.--...
Tṛtīyasavana (तृतीयसवन) refers to “midday rituals” and also represents one of the nine deities ...
tṛtīya-nētra (तृतीय-नेत्र).—m The third eye-the eye of śiva in the centre of the forehead. tṛtī...
Tṛtīyākṛta (तृतीयाकृत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Thrice plaughed, (a field, &c. E. tṛtīya third, ...
tṛtīya-pantha (तृतीय-पंथ).—m A third way, doctrine, opinion, hypothesis &c. a yet differ- ent w...
Saubhāgyatṛtīyā (सौभाग्यतृतीया).—f. (-yā) The third day of the light-half of Bhadrapada.
Akṣata-tṛtīyā.—(EI 24), same as akṣaya-tṛtīyā. Note: akṣata-tṛtīyā is defined in the “Indian ep...
Prathama-tṛtīyā.—(EI 7), name of a tithi. Note: prathama-tṛtīyā is defined in the “Indian epigr...
Ardha-tṛtīya.—(CII 1), two and a half. Note: ardha-tṛtīya is defined in the “Indian epigraphica...
Tṛtīyakaraṇī (तृतीयकरणी).—the side of a square 3 times smaller than another. Tṛtīyakaraṇī is a ...
Aviyogatṛtīyā (अवियोगतृतीया).—Name of a certain festival or holiday. Aviyogatṛtīyā is a Sanskri...
Tṛtīyātatpuruṣa (तृतीयातत्पुरुष).—the instrumental Tatpuruṣa. Derivable forms: tṛtīyātatpuruṣaḥ...
Rambhātṛtīyā (रम्भातृतीया).—Name of the 3rd day of the bright half of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa) (...
Anantatṛtīyā (अनन्ततृतीया).—the third day of the bright half of भाद्रपद, मार्गशीर्ष (bhādrapada...

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