Svodaya, Svōdaya, Sva-udaya: 5 definitions


Svodaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Tessitori Collection I (astronomy)

Svodaya (स्वोदय) refers to the “oblique ascensions or rising times at one’s own latitude”, according to the Karaṇakutūhala by Bhāskara (classified as literature dealing with astronomy, astrology, divination, medicine) of which a commentary is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—According to prof. S.R. Sarma: “The manuscript of the Karaṇakutūhala starts with the enumeration of the laṅkodayas (right ascensions or the rising times of the zodiac signs at laṅkā, the terrestrial equator) and teaches how to compute from the svodayas (oblique ascensions or rising times at one’s own latitude). A table at the top on 1v displays the two sets of parameters. These parameters are given in palas (= 1/60th part of ghaṭī). The oblique ascensions in the bottom row of the table on 1v are obtained by subtracting or adding the ascensional differences (carakhaṇḍas) in the middle row from/to the right ascensions in the upper row” (S.R. Sarma).

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svōdaya (स्वोदय).—m S (sva & udaya) The rising, or the fixed moment of the rising, of a sign. or heavenly body at a place. It is determined by adding to, or deducting from, laṅkōdaya (the time of rising at Ceylon), cara or the difference of time. See laṅkō- daya & cara.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svodaya (स्वोदय).—the rising of a sign or heavenly body at any particular place.

Derivable forms: svodayaḥ (स्वोदयः).

Svodaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and udaya (उदय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svodaya (स्वोदय).—m.

(-yaḥ) The rising of a sign or heavenly body at any particular place

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svodaya (स्वोदय):—[from sva] m. the rising of a sign or of any heavenly body at any [particular] place (determined by adding to or deducting from the laṅkodaya or time of rising at Ceylon), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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