Subuddhi: 13 definitions


Subuddhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Subuddhi in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) refers to “one keen in intellect”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.33 (“The appeasement of Himavat”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha said to Himavat (Himācala): “[...] It is only an enemy, though keen in intellect (subuddhi), who says what is pleasing to the ears now but what transpires to be untrue and unwholesome afterwards. He never speaks wholesome things. Only a virtuous and sympathetic friend will speak such words as are unpleasant in the beginning but conducive to happiness in the end. But the third variety of behaviour nectar-like to the ears, conducive to happiness on all occasions, essential and truthful is considered to be the most excellent. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) was a friend of Hariścandra: son of king Kurucandra and ancestor of king Mahābala (i.e., previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha), as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Svayambuddha said to king Mahābala:—“One day, [Hariścandra] instructed Subuddhi, a layman, a friend from childhood, ‘After listening every day to dharma from those possessing it, you must teach it to me’. With great devotion, Subuddhi did so constantly. For an agreeable command is the cause of eagerness in the good. Daily Hariścandra, afraid of sin, warmly welcomed dharma taught by him, just as a man afraid of disease welcomes medicine”.

2) Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) also refers to the son of Sunāsīra and friend of Jīvānanda (a previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha), according to the same chapter.—Accordingly, “After he had enjoyed pleasures unceasingly, the soul of Vajrajaṅgha fell from the exhaustion of his life-span, just as a snow-ball melts in the sun. In Jambūdvīpa, in the Videhas, in the city Kṣitipratiṣṭhita, he was born as the son, named Jīvānanda, of the physician Suvidhi. [...] At the same time in this city four other boys were born, like pieces of dharma joined to bodies. [...] Another was the son of the minister Sunāsīra and his wife Lakṣmī, named Subuddhi, resembling Śrīnandana (Love)”.

3) Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) is the name of a merchant from Gajapura, according to chapter 1.3.

4) Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) is the chief-minister Subuddhi of king Sagara according to chapter 2.6 [ajitanātha-caritra].

5) Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) is the minister of king Vālikhilya from Kūbara, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.5 [The kidnapping of Sītā].

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि).—(1) name of a son of Māra (favorable to the Bodhisattva): Lalitavistara 309.21; (2) name of a śreṣṭhin's son: Gaṇḍavyūha 51.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि).—mfn. (-ddhiḥ-ddhiḥ-ddhi) Wise, clever, intelligent. E. su, buddhi intellect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि).—adj. intelligent, wise.

— Cf.

Subuddhi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and buddhi (बुद्धि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि).—1. [feminine] good under standing, wisdom.

--- OR ---

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि).—2. [adjective] wise, clever.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि):—[=su-buddhi] [from su > su-pakva] f. good understanding, [Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. of good und°, wise, clever, intelligent, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Māra-putra, [Lalita-vistara]

4) [v.s. ...] of two kings, [Kṣitīśa-vaṃśāvalī-carita]

5) [v.s. ...] of a crow, [Hitopadeśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि):—[su-buddhi] (ddhiḥ-ddhiḥ-ddhi) a. Intelligent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Subuddhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Subuddhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Subuddhi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि):—(nf) good/moral sense, wisdom; (a) wise, intelligent.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Subuddhi (सुबुद्धि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Subuddhi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Subuddhi (ಸುಬುದ್ಧಿ):—[noun] superior knowledge or wisdom.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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