Shvabhra, Śvabhra: 12 definitions


Shvabhra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvabhra can be transliterated into English as Svabhra or Shvabhra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Śvabhra (श्वभ्र) refers to “pit for the bath of images § 4.29.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Consecration Rituals in South Asia (Shaktism)

Śvabhra (श्वभ्र) refers to the “pit” (for sprinkling mantras and water), according to the Ratnanyāsa Ritual as Described in the Devyāmata (Cf. Dīptāgama verse 20.244).—Accordingly, [synopsis of verses 1-5]—“Offering of water from the water-vessel; purification of the ‘jewel-cavities’ by sprinkling the pit (śvabhra) with the astramantra and ‘Śiva-water’; covering the pit and the surface of the brahmaśilā with cloth; placing the darbha-grass on [or around] the pit; anointing the pit and the brahmaśilā with sandal-paste 5. Having offered incense, the Ācārya accompanied by the mūrtipās should begin the ratnanyāsa by depositing a handful of gold. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Śvabhra (श्वभ्र) refers to “hells”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments? Is this body not cut down by diseases? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day? Are hells not dreadful (śvabhraśvabhrāḥ kiṃ na bhayānakāḥ)? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit, you have a desire for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

Synonyms: Naraka.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śvabhra.—cf. sa-vana-śvabhra-nidhāna; a pit. Note: śvabhra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvabhra (श्वभ्र).—

1) A hole, chasm; श्वभ्रं च यत्सुखस्पर्शं क्रियतां शिल्पिभिर्मम (śvabhraṃ ca yatsukhasparśaṃ kriyatāṃ śilpibhirmama) Rām.7.54.8; महोरगः श्वभ्रमिव प्रविष्टम् (mahoragaḥ śvabhramiva praviṣṭam) V.1.18; Kirātārjunīya 14.33.

2) A den; कक्षं श्वभ्रमित्युपद्रवन्ति (kakṣaṃ śvabhramityupadravanti) Bṛ. Up.2.9. 7.

3) Hell; वृद्धानपृष्ट्वा संदेहं महच्छ्वभ्रमिवार्हति (vṛddhānapṛṣṭvā saṃdehaṃ mahacchvabhramivārhati) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.69.54.

Derivable forms: śvabhram (श्वभ्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvabhra (श्वभ्र).—n.

(-bhraṃ) A hole, a gap, a chasm. E. śvabhr to pierce, aff. ac; or śva a dog, bhṛ to cherish, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvabhra (श्वभ्र).—n. A hole, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvabhra (श्वभ्र).—[masculine] [neuter] fissure of the earth, pit, hole; [masculine] hell, a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvabhra (श्वभ्र):—[from śvabhr] mn. (of doubtful derivation) a chasm, gap, hole, pit, den, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. hell or a [particular] hell, [Kāvya literature; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Vasudeva, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king of Kampanā, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvabhra (श्वभ्र):—(ka) śvabhrayati 10. a. To live in misery or distress; to move; to make a hole.

2) (bhraṃ) 1. n. A hole, gap, chasm.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvabhra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śvabhra (ಶ್ವಭ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a hole, chasm or gap.

2) [noun] a hell (sometimes, name of a particular hell).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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