Bhutamandala, Bhuta-mandala, Bhūtamaṇḍala: 5 definitions


Bhutamandala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhutamandala in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Bhūtamaṇḍala (आकाश):—On the basis of the identification of macro- and microcosmos the human body may be divided int ozones or spheres which are considered as the regions of the five gross elements., according the Yogatattva-upaniṣad

The five elements are:

  1. Bhūmi or Pṛthvī(‘earth’),
  2. Āpa or Jala (‘water’),
  3. Vāyu or Pavana (‘air’)
  4. Agni or Teja(‘Fire’),
  5. and Ākāśa (‘ether’).

Meditation on these elements gives specific results. These forms are referred to as ‘the maṇḍalas resembling the elements’ or the bhūtamaṇḍalas. An application is the widespread practice of bhūtaśuddhi, meditation on the elements in order to purify the body.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhutamandala in Purana glossary
Source: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana

Bhūtamaṇḍala (भूतमण्डल) refers to the country Bhutan (Butan), according to the Yogavasistha 5.45.—“[...] then Gādhi, standing as he was amidst the water with his sorrowful heart, saw many other occurrences in the clearness of his mind. He saw a village in the vicinity of bhūtamaṇḍala (Butan) full of its inhabitants, and that he was reborn there in the womb of a Śvapaca (Chandala) woman, in which he remained with great pain. Confined in the cavity of the womb, he felt his body pressed by the pressure of the intestines, while his senses were sorely annoyed by being constrained to abide the stink of the ordure and filth in the intestinal parts of Chandala woman”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Bhutamandala in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (p)

Bhūtamaṇḍala (भूतमण्डल) or Pañcabhūtamaṇḍala refers to the “five bhūtamaṇḍalas” (of Garuḍa), according to the second chapter of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā (Toxicology).—Accordingly, text text dictates that a Garuḍa-upāsaka, the aspirant, must meditate on Garuḍa of the following form—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā describes the different forms of Garuḍa in the five bhūta-maṇḍalas on which the aspirant has to meditate upon to cure the snake-bite victim from the poison which could have killed him.

The Pañca-bhūtamaṇḍala are:

  1. pṛthvī-maṇḍala or bhū-maṇḍala;
  2. varuṇa-maṇḍala;
  3. tejo-maṇḍala;
  4. vāyu-maṇḍala;
  5. vyoma-maṇḍala;
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Edition and a Translation of the Sanskrit Ḍākārṇava Chapter 50-8

Bhūtamaṇḍala (भूतमण्डल) is the name of a Maṇḍala.—The 19th chapter of the Vajraḍāka teaches the spirit Maṇḍala (bhūtamaṇḍala), which is the original of the Vajradeha’s spirit Maṇḍala [viz., vajradehamaṇḍala] in the Ḍākārṇava 50-8.  The chief deity of the Maṇḍala in the Vajraḍāka [viz., bhūtamaṇḍala] is unnamed; however, he is adjectively described as a “lord” (Prabhu), or the “one who is quite inclined to anger” (mahākrodha). Moreover, in the Ḍākārṇava [viz., the vajradehamaṇḍala], he is named Vajradeha, and is said to have some  physical features that are different from the “one who is quite inclined to anger” in the Vajraḍāka;

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Bhūtamaṇḍala (भूतमण्डल) or Mahābhūtamaṇḍala refers to the “maṇḍala of the (great) elements” (i.e., wind, fire, water, and earth), according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ in the middle of mantra inhabited ground, arisen of the four seeds, yaṃ, etc., a maṇḍala of the great elements (mahābhūtamaṇḍala), wind, fire, water, and earth [e.g., mahābhūtaṃ vāyvagnijalāvanimaṇḍalopari], Above that, (arising from) the letter suṃ, is the merumaṇḍala, Above that, on a jeweled lion-throne, lotus, and a lunar-disc, Śrī Vajrasattva, two arms, one face, white color, Holding a vajra (and) vajra-bell, (and) adorned wearing various colors, Bearing a monk’s headdress, (and) a sapphire Akṣobhya adorned crown, Thus imagine the worshipful guru[...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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