Antyaja, Antyajā, Amtyaja: 16 definitions


Antyaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Antyaja (अन्त्यज).—To follow the vṛtti of their ancestors. Also known antevasāyins1 a low caste to be abandoned:2 also antyayoni.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 11. 30; 14. 11.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 3, 8, 19 and 67; 8. 10.
  • 3) Ib. II. 31. 40.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Antyaja (अन्त्यज) refers to “(1) Of lower birth (2) Outcaste”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Antyajā (अन्त्यजा) refers to an “outcaste woman” and is identified with the sacred site of Devīkoṭa and the Mātṛkā named Mahālakṣmī, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—According to the Kubjikā Tantras, the eight major Kaula sacred sites each have a house occupied by a woman of low caste who is identified with a Mother (Mātṛkā).—[...] Devīkoṭa is identified with (a) the class of outcaste woman (antyajā) [or bone fisherwoman (dhīvarī)], (b) the Mātṛkā or ‘mother’ named Mahālakṣmī, and (c) with the location of the teacher’s mouth.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Antyajā (अन्त्यजा) refers to “lowborn outcastes”, according to the Devīpurāṇa verse 88.1-3.—Accordingly, “People desiring liberation worship the Mothers by way of the Vedas and the Śaiva Tantric revelation. They are also worshipped in accordance with the Gāruḍatantras, Bhūtatantras, and Bālatantras. Beneficent, they bring all endeavors to fruition, and are like wish-fulfilling jewels. Heretics of the future—[viz.] the Buddhist proponents of Gāruḍa Tantra—will worship them according to their own methods, devoted to their own ways, dear child. They give rewards that accord with any disposition wise people worship them with, whether they be Brahmins or even lowborn outcastes (antyajā)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antyaja (अंत्यज).—a (S antya Lowest, ja Born.) One of any of the low classes beyond the division of Shudra, a mahāra, māṅga, cāmbhāra &c. antyaja comprehends seven classes or descriptions, viz. rajaka, carmaka, naṭa, buruḍa, kaivartta, bhēda, bhilla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antyaja (अंत्यज).—a Last-born. One of the classes of mahāra, mārga &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antyaja (अन्त्यज).—a

1) latest born, younger

2) belonging to the lowest caste; °जैर्नृभिः (jairnṛbhiḥ) Manusmṛti 4.61; °स्त्री (strī) 8.385. (-jaḥ) 1 a śūdra (antyaḥ san jāyate, varṇamadhye śeṣabhavatvāt).

2) one of the 7 inferior tribes; chāṇḍāla &c.; रजकश्चर्मकारश्च नटो वरुड एव च । कैवर्तमेदभिल्लाश्च सप्तैते चान्त्यजाः स्मृता (rajakaścarmakāraśca naṭo varuḍa eva ca | kaivartamedabhillāśca saptaite cāntyajāḥ smṛtā) || Yama; also Manusmṛti 8.279; Y.1.273. (-) a woman of the lowest caste; Manusmṛti 11.59.171; Y.3.231.

Antyaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antya and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antyaja (अन्त्यज).—mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Younger, latest born. m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A Sudra or man of the fourth tribe. 2. A man of one of seven inferior tribes; a washerman, currier, mimic, Var'ura, fisherman, Meda or attendant on women, and mountaineer or forester. E. antya inferior, and ja who is born: born from the feet of Brahma; also antyajāta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antyaja (अन्त्यज).—[antya-ja] (vb. jan). I. adj., f. , Born in the lowest class, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 385. Ii. m. A man of the lowest tribe, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 452. Iii. f. , A woman of the lowest class, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 58.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antyaja (अन्त्यज).—[adjective] lowest born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antyaja (अन्त्यज):—[=antya-ja] [from antya > antika] mfn. of the lowest caste

2) [v.s. ...] m. a Śūdra

3) [v.s. ...] a man of one of seven inferior tribes (a washerman, currier, mimic, Varuḍa, fisherman, Meda or attendant on women, and mountaineer or forester).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antyaja (अन्त्यज):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-jaḥ-jā-jam) Latest born, youngest (? comp. antaja). 2. m.

(-jaḥ) A man of the lowest tribe; the same as antya. 3. f.

(-jā) A woman of the lowest tribe; the same as antyā. [This word (2. and 3.) is explained in various ways. Vijnāneśvara identifies it sometimes with cāṇḍāla, in other places he and Kullūka explain it cāṇḍālādi ‘Chāṇḍāla and so on’. Of more distinct definitions the following may be noticed: that of Yama, who comprises under the term antyajāḥ a washerman, a worker in leather, a dancer, a Varuḍa, a fisherman, a Meda or attendant on women, and a Bhilla (rajakaścarmakāraśca naṭo varuḍa eva ca . kaivartamedabhillāśca saptaite hyantyajāḥ smṛtāḥ); of Samvarta, who comprises under it a washerman, a hunter, an actor, a fluteplayer and a worker in leather (rajakavyādhaśailūṣaveṇucarmopajīvinām &c.); of Āpastamba, who enumerates a Chāṇḍāla, a Meda, a Śvapacha or Śvapāka (the son of an Ugrā woman by a Kshattriya male) and a man who belongs to the Kāpālika worshippers of Śiva (cāṇḍālamedaśvapacakapālavratacāriṇām &c.); of another lawbook which names, a Chāṇḍāla, a Pukkaśa, a Mlechchha, a Śvapāka and a man who has become an outcast (cāṇḍālaṃ puṣkasaṃ mlecchaṃ śvapākaṃ patitaṃ tathā). In a similar manner Śātātapa speaks of antyajā women as of kaivartī rajakīṃ caiva veṇucarmopajīvinīm; Āpastamba as of mlecchī naṭī carmakārī rajakī varuḍī tathā, and Uśanas', ‘wife of a man who eats the food of a Kāpālika’ (kāpālikānnabhoktṝṇāṃ tannārīº) refers probably also to the antyajā.— Halayudha who calls the Śūdra antyavarṇa, enumerates the following under the head of antajāti (the same as antyaja): ‘antāvasāyī caṇḍālo niṣādaśca jalaṅgamaḥ . śvapacaḥ pukkaśaścaiva mātaṅgaḥ plavagaḥ smṛtaḥ .. kirātāḥ śabarā niṣṭhyāḥ pulindā nāhalā bhaṭāḥ mālā mlecchādayo bhillāḥ kathyante hyantajātayaḥ’.] Comp. antyajanman and antyajāti. E. antya and ja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antyaja (अन्त्यज):—[antya-ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. A sudra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Antyaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃtyaja (ಅಂತ್ಯಜ):—[adjective] last born; youngest.

--- OR ---

Aṃtyaja (ಅಂತ್ಯಜ):—

1) [noun] a male member of Śudra caste.

2) [noun] a male member of caṇdāla caste.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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