Shreyamsa, Śreyāṃsa, Shreyansa, Shreyamsha: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Shreyamsa means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śreyāṃsa can be transliterated into English as Sreyamsa or Shreyamsa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shreyamsa in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śreyāṃsa (श्रेयांस):—The eleventh Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Śreyāṃsanātha. His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 80 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 146 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Rhinoceros.

Śreyāṃsa’s father is Viṣṇu and his mother is Viṣṇu according to Śvetāmbara or Veṇudevī according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Śreyāṃsa (श्रेयांस) refers to the eleventh of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] we worship the Arhats, who at all times and all places purify the people of the three worlds by their name, representation, substance, and actual existence. [...] May Śreyāṃsa, the sight of whom is a physician for creatures afflicted with the disease of existence, the lover of the Śrī of emancipation, be for your emancipation”.

Śreyāṃsa is the son of Viṣṇurāja and Viṣṇu, according to chapter 4.1, “[...] At dawn Viṣṇurāja held a great festival. Then there was joy spread like one umbrella over the earth. On an auspicious day the Jina’s father and mother named him Śreyāṃsa at a great festival. Cherished by five nurses appointed by Śakra, sucking his thumb which had nectar injected by Śakra, the Master grew up. [...] Eighty bows tall, the Master married princesses at his father’s insistence, even though he felt disgust with existence. When twenty-one lacs of years had passed after his birth, at his father’s request the Lord took the burden of the kingdom. Śreyāṃsa, the depository of good fortune, guarded the earth with undiminished power for forty-two lacs of years”.

2) Śreyāṃsa (श्रेयांस) is the name of a king of Gajapura, according to chapter 1.3.—Accordingly, “[...] the Master set out to obtain alms and arrived at the city Gajapura, the ornament of a circle of cities. In this city King Śreyāṃsa, the heir of King Somaprabha who was the son of Bāhubali, saw in a dream: ‘Meru, entirely dark, was made extremely brilliant by my sprinkling it with pitchers of water’.”

3) Śreyāṃsa (श्रेयांस) is the name of an ancient Muni, according to chapter 4.4 [anantanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“[...] Suffering from the disgrace like an arrow in his heart, he took initiation under Muni Śreyāṃsa. He practiced very severe penance and made the nidāna,—‘As a result of this penance, may I kill Nandā’s abductor’. He limited the fruit of his penance by that nidāna and, when he died according to destiny, became a god in Sahasrāra. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shreyamsa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreyāṃśa (श्रेयांश).—m.

(-śaḥ) The eleventh Jina or Jaina pontiff of the present era; also śreyāṃsa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreyāṃsa (श्रेयांस):—[from śreyas] m. Name of the 11th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreyāṃśa (श्रेयांश):—(śaḥ) 1. m. 11th Jaina pontiff of this era.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śreyāṃsa (श्रेयांस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Seaṃsa, Sejjaṃsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shreyamsa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shreyamsa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śrēyāṃsa (ಶ್ರೇಯಾಂಸ):—

1) [noun] a man who has progressed, prospered in any field.

2) [noun] (jain.) name of the eleventh Tīrthaṃkara, the spiritual teacher.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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