Parashreyas, Paraśreyas, Para-shreyas: 1 definition


Parashreyas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Paraśreyas can be transliterated into English as Parasreyas or Parashreyas, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parashreyas in Vedanta glossary
Source: Religious Inclusivism in the Writings of an Early Modern Sanskrit Intellectual (vedanta)

Śuṣkatarka (शुष्कतर्क) [=paraṃ śreyas] (Cf. Śaṅkara) refers to the “highest good” (i.e., liberation).—[...] Independent human reasoning (śuṣkatarka) or experience (anubhava) alone are not conducive to liberation. Therefore, those religious traditions that claim to be based on the inspiration of omniscient founders and/or on extra-Vedic revelations cannot be soteriologically-valid means of liberation. It is essentially on the basis of this argument that Śaṅkara refutes the authority of Buddhist, Jaina, Sāṃkhya, Yoga, Pāśupata and Pāñcarātra traditions in the second adhyāya of his Brahmasūtrabhāṣya. For instance, ad Brahmasūtrabhāṣya 2.2.45, Śaṅkara says that Śāṇḍilya studied Pāñcarātra because he did not find the highest good (paraṃ śreyas, i.e. liberation) in Vedic teachings. Śaṅkara interprets Śāṇḍilya’s attitude as an offense (nindā) to the Veda, and thus rejects the entire Pāñcarātra tradition on the basis that it stands against the Veda (vedapratiṣedha).

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context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

Discover the meaning of parashreyas or parasreyas in the context of Vedanta from relevant books on Exotic India

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