Shashthi, Ṣaṣṭhī, Sāsthi, Sashthi: 14 definitions


Shashthi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaṣṭhī can be transliterated into English as Sasthi or Shashthi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी).—The sixth case; the genitive case. This case is generally an ordinary case or विभक्ति (vibhakti) as contrasted with कारकविभक्ति (kārakavibhakti). A noun in the genitive case shows a relation in general, with another noun connected with it in a sentence. Commentators have mentioned many kinds of relations denoted by the genitive case and the phrase एकशतं षष्ठ्यर्थाः (ekaśataṃ ṣaṣṭhyarthāḥ) (the genitive case has senses a hundred and one in all),. is frequently used by grammarians; cf. षष्ठी शेषे (ṣaṣṭhī śeṣe) P. II. 3.50; cf. also बहवो हि षष्ठ्यर्थाः स्वस्वाम्यनन्तरसमीपसमूह-विकारावयवाद्यास्तत्र यावन्तः शब्दे संभवन्ति तेषु सर्वेषु प्राप्तेषु नियमः क्रियते षष्ठी स्थानेयोगा इति । (bahavo hi ṣaṣṭhyarthāḥ svasvāmyanantarasamīpasamūha-vikārāvayavādyāstatra yāvantaḥ śabde saṃbhavanti teṣu sarveṣu prāpteṣu niyamaḥ kriyate ṣaṣṭhī sthāneyogā iti |) Kas. on P. I. 1.49. The genitive case is used in the sense of any karaka when that karaka; is not to be considered as a karaka; cf. कारकत्वेन अविवक्षिते शेषे षष्ठी भविष्यति (kārakatvena avivakṣite śeṣe ṣaṣṭhī bhaviṣyati). A noun standing as a subject or object of an activity is put in the genitive case when that activity is expressed by a verbal derivative and not by a verb itself; cf. कर्तृकर्मणोः कृति (kartṛkarmaṇoḥ kṛti) P. II. 3.65. For the senses and use of the genitive case, cf. P. II. 3.50 to 73.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी) refers to one of the various “lunar days” (tithi):—There are approximately 29.5 lunar days in a lunar month. The first fifteen days begin with the first phase of the waxing moon (pratipat) and end with the full moon (pūrṇimā). [...] In accordance with the lunar day, one would utter, [for example, ṣaṣṭhī-tithau].

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी) possibly refers the sign of Virgo (Kanyā), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If the sun and moon should be eclipsed when in the sign of Leo (Siṃha) hill men, prince like people possessed of a single military force, princes and forest men will suffer miseries. If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Virgo (Kanyā) [i.e., ? ṣaṣṭhī ?], crops, poets, writers and singers will suffer and the rice fields of Aśmaka and Tripura will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी) refers to the “sixth lunar day”, as part of the Navarātra Tantric ritual (an autumnal festival of the warrior goddess Caṇḍikā).—The sixth (ṣaṣṭhī) and the seventh (saptamī) lunar days involve awakening the goddess in a bilva tree (bodhana), worship of goddess as Cāmuṇḍā and Kālī in the branch, summoning her nine radiations in nine leaves (navapatrapūjā/patrikāpūjā), enlivening an unfired clay image of the goddess (prāṇapratiṣṭhā).—Various 8th century sources refer to such rituals, for example: Devīpurāṇa, Kālikāpurāṇa, Kṛtyakalpataru, Durgābhaktitaraṅgiṇī, Durgāpūjātattva, Durgāpūjāviveka, Bhadrakālīmantravidhiprakaraṇa in Sanderson (2007); account of the Durgā Pūjā in Kelomal, West Bengal (Nicholas 2013).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shashthi in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी) refers to the “sixth day” (of a particular month), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.2 (“The birth of Śiva’s son”).—Accordingly, after Nārada spoke to Agni: “[...] O great sage, on the sixth day (ṣaṣṭhī) of the bright half of the lunar month of Mārgaśīrṣa, the son of Śiva was born in the world. At that time, O Brahmin, on their mountain, Pārvatī the daughter of Himavat and Śiva became very happy. Out of joy, milk exuded from the breasts of Pārvatī. On reaching the spot everyone felt very happy. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी) is taken into consideration when ascertaining the recovery for a person to be bitten by snake, as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The malignant asterisms and baneful lunar phases and astral combinations, with reference to snake-bite, are discussed in the tail-end of the fourth Adhyāya. [...] The Kāśyapasaṃhitā mentions the following details regarding the Tithi (Date):—The pañcamī, ṣaṣṭhī, aṣṭamī and the day when there is no tithi of both the pakṣas bode well for recovery for a person to be bitten by snake. More so Dangerous are the pañcamī and trayodaśī of kṛṣṇapakṣa.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी).—f The sixth day of either half-month.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी).—

1) The sixth day of a lunar fortnight.

2) The sixth or genitive case (in gram.)

3) An epithet of Durgā in the form of Kātyāyanī, one of the 16 divine mothers.

4) A goddess worshipped on the sixth day of child-birth (Mar. saṭavāī); गणेशं जन्मदां षष्ठीं देवीं जीवन्तिकामपि (gaṇeśaṃ janmadāṃ ṣaṣṭhīṃ devīṃ jīvantikāmapi) Śiva B.6.48.

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Sāsthi (सास्थि).—a. Having bones (said of any animal).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी).—[, in Mahāvastu ii.21.2 (verse): (atra kiṃ kāraṇaṃ uktaṃ yaṃ sapta kramate kramān,) na ca aṣṭa na ca ṣaṣṭhī atra āgamanaṃ śṛṇu,…why he takes seven steps, and not eight or…(?) Senart em. ṣaṣṭi, sixty, which seems to be correct; see P. Mus, Barabudur 492, 480; Mahāvastu i.318.10 caṅkrama-ṣaṣṭiḥ, a promenade of sixty paces. The only alternative, so far as I see, would be the unattractive one of understanding the ordinal ṣaṣṭhī in the meaning of the cardinal, six; the sense would, to be sure, then be simple.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी):—[from ṣaṣṭha > ṣaṣ] a f. See below

2) [from ṣaṣ] b f. the sixth day of a lunar fortnight, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Tithi when homage is offered to the sixth lunar digit, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] the sixth or genitive case, [???; Nirukta, by Yāska] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] brick the length of which equals the 6th part of a man, [Śulba-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] the personification of a portion of Prakṛti, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a personification of the sixth day after the birth of a child (when the chief danger for mother and child is over)

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a divine mother or goddess often regarded as a form of Durgā (supposed to protect children and worshipped on the sixth day after delivery), [Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad; Saṃskārakaustubha]

9) [v.s. ...] = indra-senā, [Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad; Religious Thought and Life in India 229.]

10) Sāṣṭhī (साष्ठी):—f. the small Banana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Sāsthi (सास्थि):—mfn. having bones (said of any animal) See [compound]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Chaṭṭhī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shashthi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shashthi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ṣaṣṭhī (षष्ठी):—(nf) the sixth day of a fortnight; the sixth day from the day of child-birth; possessive case; —[pūjana/pūjā] the worship of goddess [durgā] on the sixth day after child-birth; —[vibhakti] the genitive case-ending.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣaṣṭhi (ಷಷ್ಠಿ):—

1) [noun] the sixth day of a lunar fortnight; the sixth after either new moonday or full moonday.

2) [noun] Durge.

3) [noun] (gram.) a case expressing possession or some like relationship; possessive case.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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