Shashtika, aka: Ṣaṣṭika; 3 Definition(s)


Shashtika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaṣṭika can be transliterated into English as Sastika or Shashtika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Shashtika in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Ṣaṣṭika (षष्टिक) is a Sanskrit word translating to “rice”, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The literal translation of the word ṣaṣṭika is “sixty”, referring to the 60 days the rice needs to ripen.

Ṣaṣṭika is said to have to following varieties of rice being superior in quality. These varieties are said to be cold, unctuous, non-heavy, promoting the stability of and alleviates the three doṣas:

  1. Gaura (white),
  2. Kṛṣṇagaura (blackish-white),
  3. Varaka,
  4. Uddālaka,
  5. Cīna,
  6. Śārada,
  7. Ujjvala,
  8. Dardura,
  9. Gāndhāra,
  10. Kuruvidna.

And the following species of rice are to be inferior in quality:

  1. Vrīhi,
  2. Pāṭala.

The plant Ṣaṣṭika is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Ṣaṣṭika (षष्टिक).—a kind of rice which grows and is harvested in course of sixty days. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Source: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of shashtika or sastika in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Shashtika in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Ṣaṣṭika (षष्टिक).—a. Bought with sixty.

-kaḥ, -kā A kind of rice of quick growth; घृतक्षीरसमायुक्तं विधिवत् षष्टिकौदनम् (ghṛtakṣīrasamāyuktaṃ vidhivat ṣaṣṭikaudanam) Mb. 13.64.14.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Adhikaṣāṣṭika (अधिकषाष्टिक).—a. containing or costing more than 6 or 7.Adhikaṣāṣṭika is a Sansk...
1) Pāṭala (पाटल).—A monkey. This monkey met Śrī Rāma at Kiṣkindhā when the latter was going to ...
Gandhāra (गन्धार) refers to one of the two Mahājanapadas of the Uttarāpatha  (Northern Dis...
Dardura (दर्दुर) is the name of a singing-teaching (gītācārya) from Vidiśā, according to the Ka...
Abhyāśa (अभ्याश).—mfn. (-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) Near, proximate. m. (-śaḥ) Constant repetition. See abhyās...
Sāradā.—name of the alphabet which developed out of late Brāhmī and was prevalent in the Kashmi...
1) Uddālaka (उद्दालक).—A disciple called Āruṇi of the teacher Āyodhadhaumya. To know how Āruṇi ...
Gaura (गौर).—A mountain in the Kuśa island. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 12, Verse 4).
Cīna refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrā...
Ujjvalā (उज्ज्वला), daughter of Hāhā, is one of the twelve female friends of Mahallikā: daughte...
Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—[vrī-hi kicca]1) Rice; as in बहुव्रीहि (bahuvrīhi) q. v.2) A grain of rice.Deri...
1) Kāñjikā (काञ्जिका) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia...
Varaka (वरक).—[vṛ-vun Uṇ.5.44]1) A wish, request, boon.2) A cloak.3) A kind of wild bean.4) One...
Phakka (फक्क).—A cripple.Derivable forms: phakkaḥ (फक्कः).
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द).—m. (Pali °vindaka, a powder for the bath, made from a ‘stone’, -pāsāṇa-,...

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