Devika, Devikā: 15 definitions


Devika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Devikā (देविका).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Devikā (देविका).—(VEDIKĀ). Daughter of Govāsa, the Śaibya King. She was wedded by Yudhiṣṭhira in Svayaṃvara, and to them were born a son called Yaudheya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 76).

2) Devikā (देविका).—A holy centre. A dip in the tīrtha there will give the same result as that of a yajña. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 82, Verse 102).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Devikā (देविका).—A river from the Himālayas;1 in the chariot of Tripurāri.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 25; Matsya-purāṇa 22. 20; 114. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 96; 109. 17; 112. 30.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 133. 24.

1b) A sacred Tīrtha, where there is a well by name Vṛṣa;1 on her banks was Vīranagara.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 41.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 15. 6.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Devikā (देविका) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.15). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Devikā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Devikā (देविका) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Devikā is river in northern India, which may be identified with the present river, the Deeg, a tributary of the Rāvī.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Devikā (देविका) is the name of an ancient kingdom or tribe of people, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Cala Ketu is a comet which appears in the west with a tail an inch in length pointing to the south; as it proceeds more and more towards the north, it increases in length. After touching the Pole star or the constellation of Abhijit, it turns back and after travelling one half of the sky disappears in the south. When this Ketu appears, the country between Prayāga (Allahabad) and Avantī, the forests near Puṣkara, the north, the country of Devikā and Madhyadeśa will perish. The other countries will also suffer in several places from disease and from famine; the effects described will last for 10 months according to some and for 18 months according to others”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Devikā (देविका) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that could correspond with the Degh.—The Nīlamata regards the Devikā as an incarnation of Umā and locates it in Madra i.e. between Ravi and Cinab. The Mahābhārata, the Padma Purāṇa, the Kālikā Purāṇa, the Matsya Purāṇa, the Vāmana Purāṇa, the Viṣṇudharmottara Purāṇa, the Amarakośa, the Bṛhat Saṃhitā, the Aṣṭādhyāyī and the Mahābhāṣya refer to this river. The account given in the Viṣṇudharmottara Purāṇa, agrees closely with that of the Nīlamata.

Pargiter suggested long ago the identification of the Devikā river with the Degh stream flowing through the Panjab, but the suggestion was not accepted fully by the scholars. The credit goes to Sh. J. N. Agrawala of the Panjab University for verifying and supporting Pargiter’s identification, on the basis of the great part which the Degh plays in the production of the good quality of rice and thus proves true to Patañjali’s statement regarding the cultivation of a special variety of rice on the banks of the Devikā.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvīka (देवीक).—n (daivika S) Any afflictive visitation from the gods or a god.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devika (देविक).—a. (- f.), [devila] a.

1) Divine, godly.

2) Derived from a god.

3) Virtuous, pious.

See also (synonyms): devila.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devika (देविक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Appertaining to or derived from a deity. E. deva, and ṭhan affix; also deviya and devila .

--- OR ---

Devikā (देविका).—f.

(-kā) The name of a river, the Saraju or Deva. E. devī, and kan affix, fem form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devīka (देवीक).—[devī + ka] (see deva), A substitute for devī when latter part of a comp. adj., e. g. sa-, With the queen, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 18, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devikā (देविका):—[from devaka > deva] a f. Name of a class of goddesses of an inferior order, [Brāhmaṇa] ([plural] the oblations made to them, viz. to Anu-matī, Rākā, Sinīvālī, Kuhū, and to Dhātṛ, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; cf. -havis, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Vaitāna-sūtra])

2) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Yudhiṣṭhira and mother of Yaudheya, [Mahābhārata i, 3828]

3) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata iii, 5044] (cf. dāvika)

4) [v.s. ...] of a country, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xi, 35]

5) [v.s. ...] the thorn-apple, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) Devika (देविक):—[from deva] mf(ī)n. appertaining to or derived from a deity, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] m. fam. Name for deva-datta, [Pāṇini 5-3, 78; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

8) Devikā (देविका):—[from devika > deva] b f. See devaka.

9) Devīka (देवीक):—[from deva] ifc. = devī

10) [v.s. ...] See sa-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devika (देविक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Of a deity.

2) Devikā (देविका):—(kā) 1. f. The river Sarju.

[Sanskrit to German]

Devika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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