Suvira, Suvīra, Suvīrā: 19 definitions


Suvira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Suvīra (सुवीर):—Son of Kṣemya (son of Udgrāyudha). He had a son called Ripuñjaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.28-29)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Suvīra (सुवीर).—A King of the Bhārata dynasty, son of Kṣemya and father of Ripuñjaya. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

2) Suvīra (सुवीर).—A King born from an aspect of the asura called Krodhavaśa. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 14).

3) Suvīra (सुवीर).—Son of King Dyutimān, Suvīra was a famous ruler equal in prowess to Indra. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 13).

4) Suvīra (सुवीर).—A Kṣatriya dynasty. The wicked King, Ajabindu was born in this dynasty. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 14).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Suvīra (सुवीर).—A son of Kṣemya (Kṣema, Vāyu-purāṇa) and father. of Ripuñjaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 193.

1b) A son of Śibi, after whom came the Suvīra country.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 23; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 23-4; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 10.

1c) A son of Devaśravas and Kaṃsavatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 41.

1d) A son of Devajanī, and an Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.

1e) A mountain to the east of Aruṇoda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 18.

1f) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 161.

1g) Their king was Śaibya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11 [12].
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Suvīra (सुवीर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Suvīra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Suvīra (सुवीर) or Sauvīra refers to an ancient kingdom or tribe of people, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Bhādrapada, the people of Kaliṅga, of Vaṅga, of Magadha and of Saurāṣṭra, the Mlecchas, the Sauvīras [i.e., suvīras], the Daradās and the Śakas will perish; pregnant women will miscarry but there will be prosperity over the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Suvīra (सुवीर) refers to the “excellent heroes”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The Siddhas Khagendra and the rest who are the gems of those who have made the Kula are the incarnations of Rudras on Kanyādvīpa, the sacred site, the most excellent land of Bhārata to which the host of sages bow. From them the initiation which makes all things manifest has come into being by (their) incomparable austerity. I bow all around to those excellent heroes (suvīra) who, free and forbearing, have sanctified all things”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Suvira. A Deva. Once, when the Asuras marched against the Devas, Sakka sent for Suvira and asked him to fight the Asuras. Suvira agreed to do this, but was very lazy about it. This happened three times. Sakka admonished him after the third time on the evils of laziness.

The Buddha related the story to the monks to show them the value of exertion and energy. S.i.216f.

2. Suvira Sutta. The story of Suvira (q.v.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Suvīrā (सुवीरा) is the name of a Yakṣiṇī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Suvīrā).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Suvīrā (सुवीरा) is the goddess presiding over one of the six petals of the southern lotus of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, according to the Vārāhyabhyudayatantra (largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra). These six petals are presided over by a kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Pāṇḍaravāsinī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Suvīrā is associated with the sacred site (pīṭha) named Nagara. All the goddess of the southern lotus petals are to be visualised as dancing naked and being half-male / half-female (ardhanarīśvarī) with their two sides being yellow and red. In their four arms they brandish a bowl and staff, with a ḍamaru and their familial attribute.

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Suvīrā (सुवीरा) is the name of a Ḍākinī (‘sacred girl’) presiding over Nagara: one of the four Śmaśāna (‘sacred spot’) present within the Kāyacakra (‘circle of body’) , according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. The Kāyacakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts resided over by twenty-four Ḍākinīs (viz., Suvīrā) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.

Suvīrā has for her husband the hero (vīra) named Mārāri. She is the presiding deity of Nagara and the associated internal location are the ‘toes’ and the bodily ingredient (dhātu) is the ‘fat’.

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Suvīrā (सुवीरा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Heruka forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Suvīrā] and Vīras each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Suvīrā (सुवीरा) is the name of a Ḍākinī (female consort) and one of the deities of the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Suvīrā and Heruka:

Circle: kāyacakra (body-wheel) (white);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Suvīrā;
Ḍāka (male consort): Heruka;
Bīja: naṃ;
Body-part: feet;
Pīṭha: Nagara;
Bodily constituent: medas (sweat);
Bodhipakṣha (wings of enlightenment): upekṣābodhyaṅga (awakening of equanimity).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suvīrā (सुवीरा).—name of a yoginī: Sādhanamālā 427.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvīra (सुवीर).—I. adj. abounding in heroes. Ii. m. pl. the name of a people, [Draupadīpramātha] 8, 9.

— Cf. [Latin] vir; [Gothic.] vair; [Anglo-Saxon.] wer; probably

Suvīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and vīra (वीर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvīra (सुवीर).—[adjective] manly or having many men (heroes).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suvīra (सुवीर):—[=su-vīra] [from su > su-yaj] mf(ā)n. very manly, heroic, warlike, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] rich in men or heroes, having or containing or consisting in excellent offspring or heroes or retainers, [ib.; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a hero, warrior, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] the jujube tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] another tree (= eka-vīra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Śivagītā, ascribed to the padma-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śiva, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] of various kings, ([especially]) of a son of Dyutimat, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kṣemya, [Harivaṃśa]

11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śibi (ancestor of the Suvīras), [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Deva-śravas, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] n. = next, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Suvīra (सुवीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Suvīra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suvira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Suvira (सुविर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Svaptṛ.

2) Suvīra (सुवीर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Suvīra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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