Saptopaya, Saptopāya, Saptan-upaya: 1 definition

Introduction

Saptopaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptopaya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Saptopāya (सप्तोपाय) is explained in the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.89-91.—The Mantrasādhana chapter concludes with the method called saptopāya (seven means) that should be performed when a mantra has had no effect. If the mantra does not manifest its effect despite following a prescribed procedure, the practitioner should perform the saptopāya, or seven means, that is,

  1. drāvaṇa (softening),
  2. bodhana (awakening),
  3. vaśya (controlling),
  4. pīḍana (pressing),
  5. śoṣa or śoṣana (drying up),
  6. poṣaṇa or poṣaya (nourishing),
  7. dahana or dahanīya (burning).

These are the means that rejuvenate an ineffective mantra.

Among the saptopāya, the drāvaṇa, bodhana, poṣaya, śoṣaṇa, and dahanīya use a bīja, and attach it to the mantra. Kṣemarājaʼs Netratantroddyota or the commentary on the Netratantra [18.10-12], gives a detailed account of various methods to tie a bīja to a mantra. He explains 11 methods, that is, sampuṭa, grathita (or grathana), grasta, samasta, vidarbhita (or vidarbhaṇa), ākranta, ādyanta, garbhastha, sarvatovṛta, yuktividarbha, and vidarbhagrathita. Among them, the grathana, saṃpuṭa, vidarbhaṇa, and grasta are used in the saptopāya of the Kakṣapuṭa.

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context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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