Samasta, Sāmasta: 19 definitions


Samasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samast.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Samasta (समस्त) refers to one of the eleven methods used with certain types of saptopāya (seven means) according to the 11th-century Netratantroddyota (v 18.10-12). According to the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verses 1.89-91, the method called saptopāya (seven means) should be performed when a mantra has had no effect. Among the saptopāya, the drāvaṇa, bodhana, poṣaya, śoṣaṇa, and dahanīya use a bīja, and attach it to the mantra. Kṣemarājaʼs commentary on the Netratantra (the Netratantroddyota) verses 18.10-12 gives a detailed account of 11 methods to tie a bīja to a mantra (for example, Samasta).

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Samasta (समस्त) refers to the “entire (cosmic path)”, according to the Jñānaratnāvalī, (p. 267).—Accordingly, “Next, the bhautikī-dīkṣā is twofold, and it is said [in the scriptures]: ‘[...]’. This is the meaning: ‘in the same way’ means through kriyāyoga, that it to say the rituals and union [with the respective deity] for the sakāma and akāma bhautikī are just like those for the sakāma and akāma naiṣṭhikī. Therefore the ritual for the sakāma kind is the purification of the universe up to māyā. For the niṣkāma it is the purification of the entire cosmic path [i.e., samasta-adhvan-viśodhana] and then union. Or rather, for the sakāma there is union with enjoyments in the pure universe, and for the niṣkāma there is union with Śiva. […]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Samasta (समस्त) refers to one of the eleven types of interlocking (the mantra and ritual practice [?]), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra describes eleven types of interlocking in which the mantra (A) and the name of the person on whose behalf the rite is performed (nāman), or the action or goal of the ritual (abhidheya, sādhya) (B) follow particular patterns. [...] Though described in the text, the Netratantra’s rites do not call for the use of all eleven varieties [e.g., samasta].

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Samasta (समस्त) refers to “all” (i.e., “whole”), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. Her complexion resembled the full blown blue lotus petals. Her face appeared as the full moon. Her auspicious dress and features were the repositories of all graceful charms [i.e., samasta-līlā]. Her neck had the shape of the conch-shell. Her eyes were wide and her ears shone exquisitely. On either side, her long-rounded arms resembling a lotus-stalk shone beautifully. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

1) Samasta (समस्त) refers to “all objects (of desire)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] May the goddess Kāmeśvarī, who dwells at the front angle [of the central triangle], give me all objects of my desire (samasta-kāma). She is three-eyed, her eyes are beautiful and her limbs are ruddy. She has the crescent moon on her crest. She looks beautiful with her four hands marked with a snare together with a goad, a plate with the nectar of immortality, the gesture of boon-giving, and the gesture of safety. [...]”.

2) Samasta (समस्त) refers to “(the embodiment of) everything”, according to the same Kāmasiddhistuti.—Accordingly, “[...] The fourteen worlds, all Gods headed by Mahendra, the three embodiments [of the ultimate reality], and also the groups of sages headed by Vasiṣṭha, come into existence or cease to exist, O goddess, by the opening and closing of your eyes, because you embody all (samasta-mūrti)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samasta in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Samasta (समस्त) refers to “all” (the religions), according to the Haṭhatattvakaumudī by Sundaradeva: a large compendium on Yoga in roughly 2000 Sanskrit verses quoting from Yoga texts, Upaniṣads, Epics, Purāṇas, Dharmaśāstras etc.—Accordingly, while discussing that Yogins enjoy an eternal bliss that is beyond the transcience of religious merit: “All religions (samasta-dharma) have as their principal [practice] the Yamas and Niyamas and even though [such religions] destroy sin, they do not reveal the truth of the self by themselves. They give the †heavenly† state as long as there is merit according to one's share [of it]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Samasta (समस्त) refers to the “whole” (action of the cycle of rebirth), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The meeting of beloved women is like a city in the sky. Youth or wealth is like a mass of clouds. Relations, children and bodies, etc. are perishable as lightning. You must understand that the whole (samasta) action of the cycle of rebirth is thus momentary”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Samasta.—(IE 8-1), corrupt form of saṃvat especially in medieval Orissan records. Note: samasta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samasta (समस्त).—a (S) All; the whole number, or the whole quantity or mass. 2 Compounded--a word &c. 3 Complete, entire, perfect. 4 Compounded or combined with; gathered into and subsisting with; comprehended, comprised, or contained in. A term of profound philosophy. See samaṣṭi & vyaṣṭi.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samasta (समस्त).—a All; complete. Compounded with.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samasta (समस्त).—p. p.

1) Thrown together, combined; समस्तं व्यस्तं त्वां शरणद गृणात्योमिति पदम् (samastaṃ vyastaṃ tvāṃ śaraṇada gṛṇātyomiti padam) Śiva-mahima 27; विशन्त्ययो दुर्गममार्गनिर्गमं समस्तसंबाधमनर्थपञ्जरम् (viśantyayo durgamamārganirgamaṃ samastasaṃbādhamanarthapañjaram) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.383.

2) Compounded.

3) Pervading the whole of anything.

4) Abridged, contracted, condensed.

5) All, whole, entire.

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Sāmasta (सामस्त).—Science of word-composition.

Derivable forms: sāmastam (सामस्तम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samasta (समस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. All, whole, entire, complete. 2. Compound, compounded. 3. Abridged, contracted. m.

(-staḥ) A whole, the aggregate of all the parts. E. sam together, as to throw or direct, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samasta (समस्त).—[adjective] joined, composed, whole, entire, all.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samasta (समस्त):—[=sam-asta] [from sam-as] mfn. thrown or put together, combined, united, whole, all, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) compounded, compound

3) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) inherent in or pervading the whole of anything

4) [v.s. ...] abridged, contracted, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a whole, the aggregate of all the parts, [ib.]

6) Sāmasta (सामस्त):—n. ([from] sam-asta) the science or theory of word-composition, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 4-2, 104], Vārtt.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samasta (समस्त):—[(staḥ-stā-staṃ) a.] All, entire; contracted; compound. m. A whole, aggregate.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samasta (समस्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samasta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samasta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samasta (समस्त) [Also spelled samast]:—(a) all; whole, complete, entire; compound(ed); hence ~[] (nf); —[pada] compound word.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samasta (ಸಮಸ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] entire; whole; complete.

2) [adjective] integrated; united; brought together.

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Samasta (ಸಮಸ್ತ):—

1) [noun] something that lacks nothering; a thing ocmplete in itself; a whole.

2) [noun] (gram.) a composite word (that is made of two or more words).

3) [noun] (in pl. as ಸಮಸ್ತರು [samastaru]) all the people of or concerned with.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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