Dahana, Dāhana: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dahana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dahana (दहन).—One of the eleven Rudras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 39.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dahana (दहन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.3) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dahana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Dāhana (दाहन) refers to “burning” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Dāhana is mentioned in the Cintya-āgama (chapter 10).

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Dahana (दहन, “burning”) or Dahanīya refers to one of the “seven means” (saptopāya) to be performed when a mantra does not manifest its effect, as explained in the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.89-91. The last resort is the dahanīya, which aims to burn the mantra at the stake. The practitioner encloses every akṣara of the mantra with four bījas of Agni, the god of Fire, and keeps the written mantra on his neck.

Accordingly, “if the dried [mantra] does not have an effect, one should perform the dahanīya (burning) with Agni’s bīja (i.e., raṃ). One should attach Agni’s bīja to the beginning, end, lower, and upper part of each akṣara of the mantra to make it burn. Having written the mantra with the oil of brahmavṛkṣa (Butea), one should keep it on his neck. Then, the mantra will have an effect. Thus, Śaṅkara told”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Dahana (दहन) or Dahanamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 42-43.—Accordingly, “the materials are to be touched, thinking of the sun in the red lotus remaining in the right palm. This is called dahanamudrā”. Mūdra (eg., Dahana-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Dahana (दहन) is another name for “Agni” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning dahana] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dahana.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: dahana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dahana : (nt.) burning. (m.) fire.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dahana, (Sk. dahana, to dahati, orig. “the burner”) fire Vism.338 (°kicca); ThA.256; Dāvs.V, 6; Sdhp.20. (Page 318)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍāhaṇa (डाहण).—ad (dāha) An enhancing particle affixed to words expressing sour; corresponding with Sharp, piercing, biting. Used of fruits, buttermilk &c.

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ḍāhaṇa (डाहण).—n Slop or mess (as of water spilled or leaked, of urine &c.) nastiness.

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dahana (दहन).—n S Burning or combustion. See under dāhana.

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dāhana (दाहन).—n S Burning. dāhana is Burning in the active sense, dahana in the neuter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍāhaṇa (डाहण).—n Slop or mess. Nastiness.

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dahana (दहन).—n Burning or combustion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dahana (दहन).—a. (- f.) [दह्-ल्युट् (dah-lyuṭ)]

1) Burning, consuming by fire; Bh.1.71.

2) Destructive, injurious; दहनं धाम विलोकनक्षमम् (dahanaṃ dhāma vilokanakṣamam) Ki.2.55.

-naḥ 1 Fire; Mb.13.2.28.

2) A pigeon.

3) The number 'three.'

4) A bad man.

5) The Bhallātaka plant.

6) Lead-wort. (citraka).

7) The constellation कृत्तिका (kṛttikā).

-nam 1 Burning, consuming by fire (fig. also); अपरो दहने स्वकर्मणां ववृते ज्ञानमयेन वह्निना (aparo dahane svakarmaṇāṃ vavṛte jñānamayena vahninā) R.8.2.

2) Cauterizing.

3) Sour gruel.

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Dāhana (दाहन).—

1) Burning, reducing to ashes; वाराणस्याश्च दाहनम् (vārāṇasyāśca dāhanam) Bhāg.12.12.4.

2) Cauterizing.

Derivable forms: dāhanam (दाहनम्).

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Dāhana (दाहन).—&c. See under दह् (dah).

See also (synonyms): dāha, dāhaka, dāhya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dahana (दहन).—n.

(-naṃ) Burning, combustion. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Fire, or the deity Agni. 2. A bad man, one of evil dispositions. 3. The marking nut plant. 4. Lead wort, (Plumbago zeylanica, &c.) E. dah to burn, affix lyuṭ .

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Dāhana (दाहन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Burning, reducing to ashes. 2. Cauterising. E. dah to burn. lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dahana (दहन).—[dah + ana], I. adj., f. , Consuming by fire, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2522. 2. Destroying, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 70. Ii. m. 1. Fire, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 29. 2. The deity of fire, Mahābhārata 1, 8360. 3. One of the Rudras, Mahābhārata 1, 2567. Iii. n. 1. Consuming by fire, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 20. 2. Burning, Bhāṣāp. 156.

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Dāhana (दाहन).—i. e. dah, [Causal.] + ana, n. Causing to be consumed by fire, Mahābhārata 1, 403.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dahana (दहन).—[adjective] ([feminine] ī) & [neuter] burning, consuming, destroying; [masculine] (adj. —° [feminine] ā) fire or the god Agni.

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Dāhana (दाहन).—[neuter] causing to burn or be burnt, combustion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dahana (दहन):—[from dah] mf(ī)n. burning, consuming by fire, scorching, destroying (chiefly ifc.), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Bhartṛhari]

2) [v.s. ...] (said of the dhāraṇā of fire), [Gorakṣa-śataka 164]

3) [v.s. ...] m. fire (of three kinds), Agni, [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Horāśāstra])

4) [v.s. ...] m. the numeral three, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Sūryasiddhānta]

5) [v.s. ...] one of the 5 forms of fire in the Svāhā-kāra, [Harivaṃśa 10465]

6) [v.s. ...] a pigeon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Plumbago zeylanica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Anacardium officinarum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of an attendant of Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix, 2536]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rudra, [i; Matsya-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] n. burning, consuming by fire, [Kauśika-sūtra 80; Rāmāyaṇa vii; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] cauterising, [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] sour gruel, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

14) Dahanā (दहना):—[from dahana > dah] f. Name of part of the moon’s course, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā ix, 1-3 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

15) Dāhana (दाहन):—[from dāha] n. ([from] the [Causal]) causing to burn or be burnt, reducing to ashes, [Mahābhārata i, 403; Bhāgavata-purāṇa xii, 12, 40]

16) [v.s. ...] cauterizing, [Horace H. Wilson]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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