Grasta, Grastā: 14 definitions


Grasta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Grast.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Grasta (ग्रस्त).—A fault of pronunciation due to the utterance of a letter hindered or held back at the throat; cf. जिह्वामूलनिग्रहे ग्रस्तमेतत् (jihvāmūlanigrahe grastametat) R.Pr.XIV.3; cf. also ग्रस्तं निरस्तमवलम्बितम् । ग्रस्तः जिह्वामूले गृहीतः । अव्यक्त इत्यपरे । (grastaṃ nirastamavalambitam | grastaḥ jihvāmūle gṛhītaḥ | avyakta ityapare |) Pradipa on M. Bh. Ahnika 1.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Grasta (ग्रस्त) refers to one of the eleven methods used with certain types of saptopāya (seven means) according to the 11th-century Netratantroddyota (v 18.10-12). According to the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verses 1.89-91, the method called saptopāya (seven means) should be performed when a mantra has had no effect. Among the saptopāya, the drāvaṇa, bodhana, poṣaya, śoṣaṇa, and dahanīya use a bīja, and attach it to the mantra. Kṣemarājaʼs commentary on the Netratantra (the Netratantroddyota) verses 18.10-12 gives a detailed account of 11 methods to tie a bīja to a mantra (for example, Grasta).

The Grasta is used in the dahanīya. It is a method of enclosing each akṣara of the mantra within four bījas. In the dahanīya, Agniʼs bīja “raṃ” is employed.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Grathita (ग्रथित) refers to one of the eleven types of interlocking (the mantra and ritual practice [?]), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra describes eleven types of interlocking in which the mantra (A) and the name of the person on whose behalf the rite is performed (nāman), or the action or goal of the ritual (abhidheya, sādhya) (B) follow particular patterns. [...] Though described in the text, the Netratantra’s rites do not call for the use of all eleven varieties [e.g., grasta].

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Grasta (ग्रस्त) refers to an “eclipse”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the Moon (candra) should be eclipsed by Ketu she will destroy prosperity, health and plenty. Artisans will perish and thieves will suffer greatly. If while the moon is eclipsed [i.e., grasta], she be crossed by the fall of a meteor, that prince will die in the star of whose nativity the moon then happens to be”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Grasta (ग्रस्त) refers to “being swallowed (by death)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.1 (“Description of Tripura—the three cities”).—Accordingly, as the sons of Tāraka-Asura said to Brahmā: “[...] We wish to become free from old age and death. In the three worlds we shall subject all others to death. Of what avail are riches, vast earth, excellent cities, other sorts of vast enjoyments or big positions and power? If one is to be swallowed (grasta) by death in five days [yatraiva mṛtyunā grasto niyataṃ paṃcabhirdinaiḥ], O Brahmā, everything else belonging to him is futile. This is our decisive thought”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Grastā (ग्रस्ता) refers to “(being) seized (by great headaches)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] After [the (pomegranate) branch] has been circled wrathfully 108 times, all neighbouring clouds and Nāgas with their retinues fall onto the ground. All Nāga residences along with their waters, trees and forest trees are transformed into a single flame. All great Nāga kings of great vital fluid and great supernatural power are seized (grastā) by great headaches. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त).—p. p. [gras karmaṇi kta]

1) Eaten, devoured.

2) Seized, stricken, affected, possessed; ग्रह°, विपद्°, जरा° (graha°, vipad°, jarā°) Uttararāmacarita 6. 39.

3) Slurred; °मुक्तम् (muktam) Uttararāmacarita 5.13; °आमिषम् (āmiṣam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.193.

4) Eclipsed.

5) Taken, seized.

6) Tormented, afflicted; Y.3.245.

-stam A word or sentence half-uttered or slurred over.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Inarticulately pronounced, slurred, uttered with the omission of a letter or syllable. 2. Eaten. 3. Taken, seized. 4. Affected by. 5. Commenced as an eclipse, eclipsed. E. gras to eat, affix karmaṇi kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grasta (ग्रस्त):—[from gras] mfn. swallowed, eaten, [Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] taken, seized, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] surrounded or absorbed, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] possessed (by a demon), [Daśakumāra-carita iv; Hitopadeśa]

5) [v.s. ...] involved in [Mahābhārata xiii, 7292; Rāmāyaṇa iv, 50, 11]

6) [v.s. ...] tormented, affected by, [Yājñavalkya iii, 245; Pañcatantra] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] eclipsed, [Mahābhārata iii, 2667; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] inarticulately pronounced, slurred, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Lāṭyāyana; Pāṇinīya-śikṣā] ([Ṛg-veda]) 35 [Patañjali]

9) [v.s. ...] (a- [negative]), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

10) [v.s. ...] n. inarticulate pronunciation of the vowels, [Patañjali [Introduction]] on [vArttika] 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त):—[(staḥ-stā-staṃ) a.] Inarticulately pronounced; eaten; taken; seized; eclipsed; involved in.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Grasta (ग्रस्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gattha, Gasia, Ghattha, Ghisia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grasta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त) [Also spelled grast]:—(a) caught (into), possessed by, involved in; eclipsed.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Grasta (ಗ್ರಸ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] seized with the mouth.

2) [adjective] swallowed; devoured; eaten.

--- OR ---

Grasta (ಗ್ರಸ್ತ):—

1) [noun] the act of pronouncing a word omitting a letter or syllable.

2) [noun] he who has been eaten by (another).

3) [noun] a man possessed (by an evil spirit,); he who is overwhelmed (by fear).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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