Grasta: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Grasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Grast.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Grasta (ग्रस्त).—A fault of pronunciation due to the utterance of a letter hindered or held back at the throat; cf. जिह्वामूलनिग्रहे ग्रस्तमेतत् (jihvāmūlanigrahe grastametat) R.Pr.XIV.3; cf. also ग्रस्तं निरस्तमवलम्बितम् । ग्रस्तः जिह्वामूले गृहीतः । अव्यक्त इत्यपरे । (grastaṃ nirastamavalambitam | grastaḥ jihvāmūle gṛhītaḥ | avyakta ityapare |) Pradipa on M. Bh. Ahnika 1.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Grasta (ग्रस्त) refers to one of the eleven methods used with certain types of saptopāya (seven means) according to the 11th-century Netratantroddyota (v 18.10-12). According to the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verses 1.89-91, the method called saptopāya (seven means) should be performed when a mantra has had no effect. Among the saptopāya, the drāvaṇa, bodhana, poṣaya, śoṣaṇa, and dahanīya use a bīja, and attach it to the mantra. Kṣemarājaʼs commentary on the Netratantra (the Netratantroddyota) verses 18.10-12 gives a detailed account of 11 methods to tie a bīja to a mantra (for example, Grasta).

The Grasta is used in the dahanīya. It is a method of enclosing each akṣara of the mantra within four bījas. In the dahanīya, Agniʼs bīja “raṃ” is employed.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त).—p. p. [gras karmaṇi kta]

1) Eaten, devoured.

2) Seized, stricken, affected, possessed; ग्रह°, विपद्°, जरा° (graha°, vipad°, jarā°) U.6. 39.

3) Slurred; °मुक्तम् (muktam) U.5.13; °आमिषम् (āmiṣam) Pt.1.193.

4) Eclipsed.

5) Taken, seized.

6) Tormented, afflicted; Y.3.245.

-stam A word or sentence half-uttered or slurred over.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Inarticulately pronounced, slurred, uttered with the omission of a letter or syllable. 2. Eaten. 3. Taken, seized. 4. Affected by. 5. Commenced as an eclipse, eclipsed. E. gras to eat, affix karmaṇi kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grasta (ग्रस्त):—[from gras] mfn. swallowed, eaten, [Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] taken, seized, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] surrounded or absorbed, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] possessed (by a demon), [Daśakumāra-carita iv; Hitopadeśa]

5) [v.s. ...] involved in [Mahābhārata xiii, 7292; Rāmāyaṇa iv, 50, 11]

6) [v.s. ...] tormented, affected by, [Yājñavalkya iii, 245; Pañcatantra] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] eclipsed, [Mahābhārata iii, 2667; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] inarticulately pronounced, slurred, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Lāṭyāyana; Pāṇinīya-śikṣā] ([Ṛg-veda]) 35 [Patañjali]

9) [v.s. ...] (a- [negative]), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

10) [v.s. ...] n. inarticulate pronunciation of the vowels, [Patañjali [Introduction]] on [vArttika] 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त):—[(staḥ-stā-staṃ) a.] Inarticulately pronounced; eaten; taken; seized; eclipsed; involved in.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Grasta (ग्रस्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gattha, Gasia, Ghattha, Ghisia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grasta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Grasta (ग्रस्त) [Also spelled grast]:—(a) caught (into), possessed by, involved in; eclipsed.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Grasta (ಗ್ರಸ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] seized with the mouth.

2) [adjective] swallowed; devoured; eaten.

--- OR ---

Grasta (ಗ್ರಸ್ತ):—

1) [noun] the act of pronouncing a word omitting a letter or syllable.

2) [noun] he who has been eaten by (another).

3) [noun] a man possessed (by an evil spirit,); he who is overwhelmed (by fear).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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