Bodhana, 5 Definition(s)
Rasaśāstra (chemistry and alchemy)
Bodhana (बोधन):—Sixth of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Bodhana-saṃskāra is commonly used for Dravya-karma and Rasāyana-karma, but also to change (rasa) in its undesired properties and to improve its Bubhukṣā. In other words: the first eight saṃskāras are sequentially used to purify and detoxify mercury in preparation for internal use. Bodhana refers to the process of ‘awakening’, by means of which mercury that has become purged of its toxic content but also its potency through the preceding operations, has its ‘virility’ (vīrya) restored to it through irrigation in a salt bath. This operation is said to give mercury a ‘mouth’ (mukha) with which to absorb other elements. This saṃskāra is also known as or rodhana (‘countering’, coagulation).Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Bodhana, “awakening,” or rodhana, “countering, coagulation,” are alternative terms for the sixth saṃskāra, by which mercuy, which has become purged of its toxic content but also its strength through the preceding operations, has its “virility” (vīrya) restored to it through irrigation in a salt bath. This operation gives mercury a “mouth” (mukha) with which to absorb other elements in the saṃskāras that follow.Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body
about this context:
Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasa-shastra) is an important branch of Āyurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasaśāstra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The ritual called ‘bodhana’ is done on the evening of Āśvayuja śukla ṣaṣṭhī. A ghaṭa or kalaśa or a pot of water containing sandalwood paste, durvā grass, leaves of five trees like mango, clay from seven places, fruit etc. is prepared first. Then it is established under a bilva tree. Thereafter the mantras of bodhana or awakening are uttered. The bilva-tree is worshiped as Mother Durgā. A second ghaṭa is also established there.
It is believed that the various gods including Viṣṇu, go to sleep for a period of four months from Aṣāḍha to Kārtik. Since Mother Durgā goes to bed on Āṣāḍha-śukla-aṣṭamī, she is still sleeping at the time the Durgotsava. Hence for the celebration of Durgotsava, she has to be woken up first.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Bodhana, (nt.) (fr. bodheti) 1. knowing Miln. 168 (cp. S. V, 83).—2. (adj.) enlightening, teaching Bu 26, 22 (pacchima-jana°). (Page 491)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
bodhana : (nt.) enlightenment; knowledge.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
about this context:
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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