Santati, Shantati: 12 definitions


Santati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Santati (सन्तति):—Son of Alarka (son of Dyumān). His son was called Sunītha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.8)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Santati (सन्तति) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Santati, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Santati (सन्तति) or Santatyāgama refers to one of the upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Yogajāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Santati-āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Yogaja-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A minister of Pasenadi. Because he quelled a frontier disturbance, the king gave over the kingdom to him for seven days, and gave him a woman skilled in song and dance. For seven days Santati enjoyed himself, drinking deeply; on the seventh day he went to the bathing place fully adorned, riding the state elephant. The Buddha met him on the way, and Santati saluted him from the elephant. The Buddha smiled and passed on. When questioned by Ananda, the Buddha answered that on that very day Santati would attain arahantship and die.

Santati spent part of the day amusing himself in the water, and then sat in the drinking hall of the park. The woman came on the stage and sang and danced, but she had fasted for seven days to acquire more grace of body, and, as she danced, she fell down dead. Santati was overwhelmed with a mighty sorrow, and straightway became sober. He then sought the Buddha for consolation in his grief. The Buddha preached a four line stanza, and Santati attained arahantship and asked the Buddhas permission to pass into nibbana. The Buddha agreed, on condition that he rose into the air and told to the assembled people the story of his past life. Santati agreed to this, and, rising to a height of seven palm trees, related the meritorious deed of his past life.

Ninety kappas ago, in the time of Vipassi Buddha, he was a householder of Bandhumati, and became a follower of the Buddha and went about proclaiming the virtues of the Three Refuges. King Bandhuma met him and gave him a garland of flowers to wear and a horse on which to ride, while proclaiming the Law. He later gave him a chariot, great wealth, beautiful jewels and an elephant. Thus, for eighty four thousand years, Santati went about preaching the Dhamma, and there was diffused from his body the fragrance of sandalwood, and from his mouth the fragrance of the lotus.

As he related his story, seated cross legged in the air, he developed the idea of fire and passed into nibbana. Flames burst from his body and burnt it up. The Buddha had his relics collected and a shrine built for them at the meeting of four highways. Discussion arose as to whether Santati should be called a brahmin or a monk. The Buddha said that both names were equally appropriate. DhA.iii.78 84; SN.i.350; MA.i.188; cf. the story of Abhayarajakumara.

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Santati means continuity.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Santati.—(SITI), lineage. Cf. also sapta-santati (EI 14) and santānaka (under santāna). Note: santati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Santati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

santati : (f.) continuity; duration; lineage.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Santati, (f.) (fr. saṃ+tan, lit. stretch) 1. continuity, duration, subsistence Dhs. 643; Nett 79; Miln. 72, 185; VbhA. 8, 170, 173; VvA. 25; Vism. 431, 449. citta° continuity of consciousness Kvu 458; cp. Cpd. 6, 1531, 252 sq.; dhamma° continuity of states Miln. 40; rūpa° of form VbhA. 21; saṅkhāra° causal connection of material things Th. 1, 716.—2. lineage Miln. 160. (Page 676)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

santati (संतति).—f (S) Race, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

santati (संतति).—f Race, lineage, offspring, descendants.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santati (सन्तति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Race, lineage. 2. A son, a daughter, offspring, progeny. 3. Descent, succession. 4. A continuous line, a row, a range. 5. Extent, expanse, spreading, stretching. 6. Heap, multitude. E. sam with, equally, tan to spread, aff. ktic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śantāti (शन्ताति).—[adjective] beneficent; [feminine] benefice.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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