Romaka: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Romaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Romak.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Romaka (रोमक) is one of the four varations of Kānta, which is a type of Iron (loha), according to Indian medicinal alchemy (rasaśāstra) described in Sanskrit books such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. Romaka is procured from melting the stones known as Kāntapāṣāṇa, which are sometimes obtained while digging mines.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Romaka (रोमक).—A country in ancient India. The inhabitants of this country were called the Romakas. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 51, Stanza 17, that the Romakas came with presents to the horse-sacrifice performed by Yudhiṣṭhira.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Romaka (रोमक) refers to one of the varieties of “salt” according to Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.336, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We cannot see any reference to the salt in Ṛgveda. But most of the non-Ṛgvedic Saṃhitas, Brāhmaṇas and Upaniṣads refer to salt in the name of lavaṇa or saindhava. [...] Suśruta adds some more varieties such as—[viz., Romaka].

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Romaka (रोमक) refers to a sub-division of the Mlecchas: one of the two-fold division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. [...] The Mlecchas—[e.g., the Romakas, ...] and other non-Āryas also are people who do not know even the word ‘dharma’”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

romaka : (adj.) Roman.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Romaka, (adj.) (fr. roma) feathered (?) J. II, 383 (C. wrong!). (Page 577)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Romaka (रोमक).—1 The city of Rome.

2) A Roman, an inhabitant of Rome (usually in pl.); Mb.2.51.17.

3) Name of an astronomer.

-kam 1 A kind of salt (pāṃśulavaṇa).

2) A kind of magnet.

Derivable forms: romakaḥ (रोमकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Romaka (रोमक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The city of Rome. 2. A Roman. n.

(-kaṃ) Loadstone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Romaka (रोमक).—[masculine] [plural] the Romans.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Romaka (रोमक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—an astronomical author. Quoted in Śākalyasaṃhitā W. p. 232, by Varāhamihira W. p. 239, in Hāyanaratna W. p. 265, in Jñānabhāskara W. p. 287. Being a mere shadow, he comes at last to be mentioned as one of the originators of the Tājaka Peters. 2, 131.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Romaka (रोमक):—[from roma] 1. romaka m. Rome, [Siddhāntaśiromaṇi]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘the Roman’, Name of a [particular] astronomer, [Varāha-mihira]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a village in the north of India [gana] palady-ādi

4) [v.s. ...] of a [particular] mixed caste ([varia lectio] for rāmaka), [Vasiṣṭha]

5) [v.s. ...] = romaka-siddhānta below

6) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata ii, 1837] (cf. 2. roman)

7) [v.s. ...] the people of the Roman empire, the Romans, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) 2. romaka n. ([from] rumā) a kind of saline earth and the salt extracted from it ([according to] to some ‘the salt from the lake Sambar in Ajmere’), [Suśruta] etc. (cf. raumaka)

9) a kind of magnet, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) 3a See under 1. roman.

11) [from roman] 3b n. hair (= roman), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] ([especially] ifc. f(ikā). ).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Romaka (रोमक):—1. am Ende eines adj. comp. = roman. pāṭala (turaga) [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 12, 35.]

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Romaka (रोमक):—2.

1) m. a) Nomen proprium eines udīcyagrāma gaṇa paladyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 110.] kṛśāśvādi zu 80. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 2, 1837.] die Römer, Bewohner des Römerreiches [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 16, 6.] sg. Rom [Siddhāntaśiromaṇi] [GOLĀDHY.] [BHUVANAK. (III) 28.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 939. 1240.] [Oxforder Handschriften 339,a,34.] [Mémoire géographique 341. fg.] — b) der Römer. Bez. eines best. Astronomen [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 835. 881. 939.] [Oxforder Handschriften 333,a,9.] [Weber’s Indische Studien.2,247. fg.] tājika [274.] —

2) n. a) salzhaltige Erde und das aus ihr gezogene Salz, = pāṃsulavaṇa [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta 1, 157, 8. 226, 12. 227, 2.] — b) eine Art Magnet (ayaskāntabhade) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Romaka (रोमक):—1. n. = roman Haar [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,290,17.508,5.] Insbes. am Ende eines adj. Comp. (f. mikā) [402,21.]

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Romaka (रोमक):—2. —

1) m. — a) Nomen proprium — α) Pl. die Römer , die Bewohner des Römerreiches. — β) Rom. — γ) *eines Dorfes im Nordlande. — δ) eines Astronomen. — b) eine best. Mischlingskaste , v.l. für rāmaka [Vasiṣṭha 18,4.] — c) abgekürzt für siddhānta. —

2) n. — a) salzhaltige Erde und das aus ihr gezogene Salz [Rājan 6,198.] Nach [Materia medica of the Hindus 85] Salz aus dem Sambar-See in Ajmīr. Vgl. raumaka 2). — b) *Magneteisen [Rājan 13,39.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Romaka (रोमक) [Also spelled romak]:—(nm) cilia.

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