Samdeha, Sandeha, Saṃdeha, Sandeva: 22 definitions


Samdeha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sandeh.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Sandeha (सन्देह, “doubt”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—Sandeha had been stated by Daṇḍin as to be Saṃśayopamā and it was included under the range of Upamā. But, afterwards it has been designated as a separate figure. According to the author of the Sāhityadarpaṇa, when an object, under discussion is poetically suspected to be something else, it is called Sandeha or doubt. It is three-fold, Śuddha, wherein, the sentence ends with doubt, Niścayagarbha, wherein, the doubt exists both at the beginning and the end and Niścayānta, wherein, the doubt is dismissed at the end.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saṃdeha (संदेह).—Ambiguity; doubt regarding the wording of a rule or its interpretation or regarding the correctness of a word. It is looked upon as the main purpose of grammar to solve doubts regarding the correctness of words; cf. व्याख्यानतो विशेषप्रति-प्रत्तिर्नहि संदेहादलक्षणम् (vyākhyānato viśeṣaprati-prattirnahi saṃdehādalakṣaṇam) Pari. Sekh.Pari.1.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Sandeha (सन्देह) or Sasandeha refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).The ancient Ālaṃkārikas like Bhāmaha (III/43), Daṇḍin (II/358), Udbhaṭa (VI/2) have treated the figure of speech sasandeha. Mammaṭa and Jagannātha have designated it as sasandeha, but Ruyyaka, Viśvanātha etc have called it sandeha.

Cirañjīva has named it as sandeha. He has not given any general definition of the figure sandeha. He is of opinion that when a doubt which has equal stress in two parts is described by the poet to bring charm, it is called the figure of speech sandeha.

Example of the sandeha-alaṃkāra:—

tvayānīto devaḥ kimiha vada lakṣmīparivṛḍhaḥ kṛpādṛṣṭirjātā kimatha yaśavantakṣitipateḥ |
samantātkhelantī tava bhavanamāsādya kamalā yadeṣā lolā’pi kṣaṇamiva dināni kṣapayati ||

“Please say whether you have brought in the god (Viṣṇu) who is the lord of Lakṣmi or whether you have achieved gracious look of the king Yaśavanta? Having resorted to your residence the Godess Lakṣmi who is restless even for a moment is passing her days”.

Notes: In this verse the poet has described the doubt whether the success achieved by the person is the result of advent of Viṣṇu to his house or it is the result of the gracious look or favour of the king Yaśavanta. Here is another doubt regarding the staying of the Godess Lakṣmi who is restless even for so many days. So it is an example of sandehālaṃkāra.

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Sandeha (सन्देह, “doubtful”) refers to one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Artha (‘sense’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—There is an example of ‘sandeha’ also in Bhīṣmacarita. With the help of this figure of speech, the poet has aptly presented doubt in X.25.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sandeha (सन्देह) refers to “doubt”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.23 (“Attempt of Himavat to dissuade Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Himavat said to Pārvatī: “O Pārvatī, O fortunate one, do not torture yourself by this penance. Dear girl, Śiva is not to be seen. Certainly he is detached. You are a young woman of tender limbs. You will be overpowered and exhausted by this penance. There is no doubt [i.e., sandeha] about it. I am speaking the truth. Hence, O comely lady, get up. Come back to our house. Of what avail is Śiva by whom Kāma has been reduced to ashes? [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Saṃdeha (संदेह) refers to “doubt”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.21-27, while describing inauspicious dreams]—“[The dreamer] sees a bear or monkey, demons, cruel beings, and dark men. [He sees those who] have erect hair, dirty ones, those who wear black garlands, clothes, and coverings. That man who, in his dream, embraces a red-eyed woman, he dies, there is no doubt (saṃdehamiryate nātra saṃdeho), if he does not bring about peace. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

An Elder in direct pupillary succession in Jambudipa, of teachers of the Abhidhamma. DhSA., p. 32.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samdeha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sandeha : (m.) doubt; one's own body.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sandeha, (saṃ+deha) 1. accumulation; the human body Dh. 148.—2. doubt Miln. 295. (Page 678)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sandēha (संदेह).—m (S) Doubt or uncertainty; indetermination of opinion or mind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sandēha (संदेह).—m Doubt or uncertainty. sandēhī a Dubious, doubtful, scrupulous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃdeha (संदेह).—

1) Doubt, uncertainty, suspense; अत्र कः संदेहः (atra kaḥ saṃdehaḥ).

2) Risk, danger, peril; जीवितसंदेहदोलामारोपितः (jīvitasaṃdehadolāmāropitaḥ) K.; अर्थार्जने प्रवृत्तिः ससंदेहा (arthārjane pravṛttiḥ sasaṃdehā) H.1; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.176.

3) (In Rhet.) Doubt regarded as a figure of speech, in which the close resemblance between two objects leads to one of them being mistaken for the other (this figure is also called sasaṃdeha by Mammaṭa and others); ससंदेहस्तु भेदोक्तौ तदनुक्तौ च संशयः (sasaṃdehastu bhedoktau tadanuktau ca saṃśayaḥ) K. P.1; e. g. see Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.2 (1.3); V.3.2.

4) Conglomeration of material elements (of the body).

Derivable forms: saṃdehaḥ (संदेहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sandeha (सन्देह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Doubt, uncertainty. 2. Risk, danger. 3. Rhetorical doubt proceeding from the close resemblance of two objects. E. sam before dih to collect, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃdeha (संदेह).—i. e. sam-dih + a, m. 1. Doubt, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 25; uncertainty. 2. Danger, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 192.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃdeha (संदेह).—[masculine] = sadegha; doubt, uncertainty about ([genetive], [locative], or —°), danger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃdeha (संदेह):—[=saṃ-deha] [from saṃ-dih] a m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a conglomeration or conglutination (of material elements; See above), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] doubt, uncertainty about ([genitive case] [locative case], or [compound]; na or nāsti saṃdehaḥ or saṃdeho nāsti [used parenthetically], ‘there is no doubt, without doubt’), [Āpastamba; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) a figure of speech expressive of doubt (e.g. ‘is this a lotus flower or an eye?’), [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti iv, 3, 11]

4) [v.s. ...] risk, danger, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

5) [=saṃ-deha] b See saṃ-√dih.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sandeha (सन्देह):—[sa-ndeha] (haḥ) 1. m. Doubt, suspense.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃdeha (संदेह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃdeha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samdeha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samdeha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃdeha (संदेह) [Also spelled sandeh]:—(nm) a doubt, suspicion; ~[janaka] doubtful, arousing suspicion; hence; ~[janakatā] (nf); ~[śīla] suspicious, of suspicious disposition; hence [śīlatā] (nf).

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃdeha (संदेह) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃdeha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃdeha (ಸಂದೆಹ):—[noun] = ಸಂದೆಯ [samdeya].

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Saṃdēha (ಸಂದೇಹ):—

1) [noun] a doubt; a suspecion.

2) [noun] liability to injury, damage, loss or pain; peril; danger.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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