Samcara, Saṃcāra, Saṃcara: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samcara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samchara.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃcāra (संचार, “movement”) refers to the “movements” of notes (svara) and relates to the strong aṃśa notes, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It can also be spelled as Sañcāra (सञ्चार).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃcara (संचर).—

1) Passage, transit from one zodiacal sign to another.

2) A way, path; यत्रौषधिप्रकाशेन नक्तं दर्शितसंचराः (yatrauṣadhiprakāśena naktaṃ darśitasaṃcarāḥ) Ku.6.43; R.16.12.

3) A narrow road, defile, difficult passage.

4) Entrance, gate.

5) The body.

6) Killing.

7) Development. -a. Going about, moving everywhere; अनिरुक्तस्त्रयोदशः स्तोभः संचरो हुंकारः (aniruktastrayodaśaḥ stobhaḥ saṃcaro huṃkāraḥ) Ch. Up.1.13.3.

Derivable forms: saṃcaraḥ (संचरः).

--- OR ---

Saṃcāra (संचार).—1 Going, movement, travelling or roaming through; स पुनः पार्थसंचारं संचरत्यवनीपतिः (sa punaḥ pārthasaṃcāraṃ saṃcaratyavanīpatiḥ) K. P.1; सुलभ- पुरुषसंचारेऽस्मिन् प्रदेशे (sulabha- puruṣasaṃcāre'smin pradeśe) Mk.7; R.2.15.

2) Passing through, passage, transit.

3) A course, way, road, pass.

4) A difficult progress or journey.

5) Difficulty, distress.

6) Inciting.

7) Leading, guiding.

8) Transmission, contagion.

9) A gem said to be found in the hood of serpents.

1) The entrance of the sun into a new sign.

11) Infatuating; तथाख्यातविधानं च योगः संचार एव च (tathākhyātavidhānaṃ ca yogaḥ saṃcāra eva ca) Mb.12.59.48 (com. saṃcāraḥ śravaṇadarśanābhyāṃ paramohanam).

12) Track (of wild animals).

Derivable forms: saṃcāraḥ (संचारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃcara (संचर).—i. e. sam-car + a, m. 1. A defile, any narrow or difficult pass, a road along the edge of a mountain, or a bridge, etc. 2. Difficult passage. 3. A road. 4. The body. 5. Killing.

--- OR ---

Saṃcāra (संचार).—i. e. sam-car + a, m. 1. Difficult progress. 2. Difficulty, distress. 3. Going, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 34; motion, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 11. 4. Course, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 42, 16 (of life). 5. Contagion. 6. Setting in motion, Bhāṣāp. 151. 7. Leading. 8. Inciting. 9. A gem supposed to be in the head of a serpent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃcara (संचर).—[adjective] wandering together, happening at the same time, belonging to or partaking of (—°); [masculine] way, road, passage.

--- OR ---

Saṃcāra (संचार).—[masculine] wandering, roaming, riding, driving moving i.[grammar]; going through, passage (also concr.); way, path.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃcara (संचर):—[=saṃ-cara] [from saṃ-car] mfn. going about, moving (See divā-s)

2) [v.s. ...] going or belonging together, simultaneous, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) passage, a way, road, path, place for walking ([especially] the space assigned to each person who takes part in a rite), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???; Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a difficult passage, defile, bridge over a torrent etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] (in Sāṃkhya) evolution, development, emanation, [Tattvasamāsa]

6) [v.s. ...] the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] killing, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) Saṃcāra (संचार):—[=saṃ-cāra] [from saṃ-car] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) walking about, wandering, roaming, driving or riding, any motion, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] transit, passage, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] the passage or entrance of the sun into a new sign, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) [v.s. ...] passing over, transition, transference to ([compound]), [Yājñavalkya]

12) [v.s. ...] transmission (of disease), contagion, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] course, path, way (also [figuratively] = ‘mode, manner’), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

14) [v.s. ...] track (of wild animals), [Śakuntalā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

15) [v.s. ...] course of life, career, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] a [particular] class of spies, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] difficult progress, difficulty, distress, [Horace H. Wilson]

18) [v.s. ...] leading, guiding, [ib.]

19) [v.s. ...] inciting, impelling, [ib.]

20) [v.s. ...] a gem supposed to be in the head of a serpent, [ib.]

21) [v.s. ...] = huṃ-kāra, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

22) [v.s. ...] ([wrong reading] for saṃ-cara, saṃ-sāra, and sac-cāra)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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