Samcara, Saṃcāra, Saṃcara: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samcara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samchara.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃcāra (संचार, “movement”) refers to the “movements” of notes (svara) and relates to the strong aṃśa notes, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It can also be spelled as Sañcāra (सञ्चार).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃcara (संचर).—

1) Passage, transit from one zodiacal sign to another.

2) A way, path; यत्रौषधिप्रकाशेन नक्तं दर्शितसंचराः (yatrauṣadhiprakāśena naktaṃ darśitasaṃcarāḥ) Ku.6.43; R.16.12.

3) A narrow road, defile, difficult passage.

4) Entrance, gate.

5) The body.

6) Killing.

7) Development. -a. Going about, moving everywhere; अनिरुक्तस्त्रयोदशः स्तोभः संचरो हुंकारः (aniruktastrayodaśaḥ stobhaḥ saṃcaro huṃkāraḥ) Ch. Up.1.13.3.

Derivable forms: saṃcaraḥ (संचरः).

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Saṃcāra (संचार).—1 Going, movement, travelling or roaming through; स पुनः पार्थसंचारं संचरत्यवनीपतिः (sa punaḥ pārthasaṃcāraṃ saṃcaratyavanīpatiḥ) K. P.1; सुलभ- पुरुषसंचारेऽस्मिन् प्रदेशे (sulabha- puruṣasaṃcāre'smin pradeśe) Mk.7; R.2.15.

2) Passing through, passage, transit.

3) A course, way, road, pass.

4) A difficult progress or journey.

5) Difficulty, distress.

6) Inciting.

7) Leading, guiding.

8) Transmission, contagion.

9) A gem said to be found in the hood of serpents.

1) The entrance of the sun into a new sign.

11) Infatuating; तथाख्यातविधानं च योगः संचार एव च (tathākhyātavidhānaṃ ca yogaḥ saṃcāra eva ca) Mb.12.59.48 (com. saṃcāraḥ śravaṇadarśanābhyāṃ paramohanam).

12) Track (of wild animals).

Derivable forms: saṃcāraḥ (संचारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃcara (संचर).—i. e. sam-car + a, m. 1. A defile, any narrow or difficult pass, a road along the edge of a mountain, or a bridge, etc. 2. Difficult passage. 3. A road. 4. The body. 5. Killing.

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Saṃcāra (संचार).—i. e. sam-car + a, m. 1. Difficult progress. 2. Difficulty, distress. 3. Going, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 34; motion, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 11. 4. Course, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 42, 16 (of life). 5. Contagion. 6. Setting in motion, Bhāṣāp. 151. 7. Leading. 8. Inciting. 9. A gem supposed to be in the head of a serpent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃcara (संचर).—[adjective] wandering together, happening at the same time, belonging to or partaking of (—°); [masculine] way, road, passage.

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Saṃcāra (संचार).—[masculine] wandering, roaming, riding, driving moving i.[grammar]; going through, passage (also concr.); way, path.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃcara (संचर):—[=saṃ-cara] [from saṃ-car] mfn. going about, moving (See divā-s)

2) [v.s. ...] going or belonging together, simultaneous, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) passage, a way, road, path, place for walking ([especially] the space assigned to each person who takes part in a rite), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???; Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a difficult passage, defile, bridge over a torrent etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] (in Sāṃkhya) evolution, development, emanation, [Tattvasamāsa]

6) [v.s. ...] the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] killing, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) Saṃcāra (संचार):—[=saṃ-cāra] [from saṃ-car] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) walking about, wandering, roaming, driving or riding, any motion, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] transit, passage, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] the passage or entrance of the sun into a new sign, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) [v.s. ...] passing over, transition, transference to ([compound]), [Yājñavalkya]

12) [v.s. ...] transmission (of disease), contagion, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] course, path, way (also [figuratively] = ‘mode, manner’), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

14) [v.s. ...] track (of wild animals), [Śakuntalā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

15) [v.s. ...] course of life, career, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] a [particular] class of spies, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] difficult progress, difficulty, distress, [Horace H. Wilson]

18) [v.s. ...] leading, guiding, [ib.]

19) [v.s. ...] inciting, impelling, [ib.]

20) [v.s. ...] a gem supposed to be in the head of a serpent, [ib.]

21) [v.s. ...] = huṃ-kāra, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

22) [v.s. ...] ([wrong reading] for saṃ-cara, saṃ-sāra, and sac-cāra)

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Saṃcara (संचर):—

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Saṃcāra (संचार):—(von car mit sam) m. am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā .

1) das Sichergehen, Umherstreichen u. s. w. (von Menschen und Thieren aller Art) [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 45, 31. 3, 52, 34.] priyakānanasaṃcārā sich gern in Wäldern ergehend [68, 6.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 110, 4.] saṃcāraṃ kar [Spr. (II) 1661.] timira in der Finsterniss [?5202. UTTARAR. 32, 14 (42, 16). Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 123. 104, 69. Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 302] (zu schreiben na tvāsu d. i. vīthiṣu). [Oxforder Handschriften 122], b, [14.] [Sāhityadarpana 116.] krūra (krūra = vyāghrādi) [Prabodhacandrodaja 92, 16.] kastūrīmṛga [Mallinātha] zu [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 55.] siṃha [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 96.] matsaṃcārabila (eine Maus spricht) [61, 110.] ahi [101, 290.] matsyakacchapa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 2, 16.] kuto tra vṛṣabhayāne rākṣasasaṃcāraḥ das Fahren [Mṛcchakaṭikā 119, 18.] Bewegung überh.: pāda [Harivaṃśa 11466.] tārānakṣatra [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 172.] der Sonne (und einer Kuh) [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 15.] der Wolken (und Menschen) [Spr. (II) 7188.] paṭṭa [Suśruta 1, 67, 3.] sūtrasaṃcārādhiṣṭhitadāruputraka [KUSUM. 23, 7.] netra [Spr. (II) 3807.] prāṇa [Bhāṣāpariccheda 151.] [WILSON,] [SĀṂKHYAK. S. 104.] nāḍī [Oxforder Handschriften 76], a, 14. raśmi Bewegung der Zügel so v. a. das Lenken [Mahābhārata 8, 4014.] [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 90, 7.] asaṃcāra ṛcām das nicht von der Stelle Geschobenwerden [LĀṬY. 10, 2, 15.] vākya Gang einer Rede so v. a. Art und Weise zu reden [Mahābhārata 12, 4232.] vicitrapadasaṃcārāḥ kathāḥ Fluss der Worte [15, 716.] —

2) Hindurchgang, Passage: abhavadghorasaṃcārā pṛthivī parvatairiva [Harivaṃśa 2609.] der Zunge zwischen den Zähnen [Spr. (II) 3006.] asūcī adj. wo keine Nadel hindurchgeht [785.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 8, 980.] concret Durchgang: paryāptasaṃcārā vṛkṣāḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 280.] āyata [KĀM. NĪTIS. 16, 16.] hrasvamāsādya saṃcāraṃ nāsau vinamate kvacit [Mahābhārata 3, 2929.] —

3) Uebergang in: indriyāntara (das Uebertragen von einem Sinne auf den anderen [STENZLER]) [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 174.] svaparaśarīrayoryadā śarīrasaṃcāraṃ jānāti [Oxforder Handschriften 231], a, [38. fg.] —

4) Weg, Pfad [Harivaṃśa 12240.] deva [11571.] Fährte des Wildes [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 23, 11.] —

5) Lebensgang: mahāpuruṣa [Sāhityadarpana 189, 6 ] (v. l. satkāra, das = guṇavarṇana sein soll). saṃcāre (saṃcare ed. Bomb., welches [Nīlakaṇṭha] durch yonisaṃcare utkrāntyādiṣu ca erklärt) pacyamānaśca doṣairātmakṛtairnaraḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 13874.] man könnte saṃsāre vermuthen. —

6) Bez. des huṃkāra ([] liest saṃcara, welches durch vikalpamānasvarūpa erklärt wird) [Chāndogyopaniṣad 1, 13, 3.] —

7) fehlerhaft für saṃcara Evolution, Entwickelung in traiguṇya [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 636.] für saṃsāra (vgl. u.

5) [MAITRYUP. 6, 28.] für saccāra [KĀM. NĪTIS. 12, 34.] — Vgl. duḥ, duḥkha, durga, niḥ (das Nichtlustwandeln: niśīthaniḥsaṃcāraramaṇīyatā mārgasya [MĀLATĪM. 126, 6]), pātra (atītapātrasaṃcāre auch [Mahābhārata 12, 264. 13, 6503.] es entspricht dem vṛtte śarāvasaṃpāte [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 56.] [Mahābhārata 14, 1278]), bhūta, sukha und saṃcara .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samcara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃcāra (संचार) [Also spelled sanchar]:—(nm) communication; transmission; movement; -[maṃtrālaya] Ministry of Communications; —[maṃtrī] Minister for Communications; —[sādhana] means of communication; [vyavasthā] communication system.

context information

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