Rudhira: 21 definitions
Rudhira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Rudhir.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā
Rudhira (रुधिर) refers to the medicinal plant Crocus sativus L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Rudhira] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.
The plant Crocus sativus L. (Rudhira) is also known as Kuṅkuma according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Rudhira (रुधिर) refers to “blood”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then the god Bhairava, who bore the form of Sadyojāta, shook. He leapt up by the power of knowledge and rolled around again and again. The god, intent on the ritual, secreted blood from the navel, Liṅga and in the Cave. Then he became Bhairava, the abode of blood [i.e., rudhira-ālaya], in the sacrifice. (Thus) Bhairava bore the form of Sadyojāta (sadyarūpa—the Immediately Born)”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Rudhira (रुधिर) refers to a “blood-colored sun”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If in Śiśira (February, March) the sun be of copper colour or red black, if, in Vasanta (April, May), blue crimson, if, in Grīṣma (June, July), slightly white and of gold color, if, in Varṣā (August, September), white, if, in Śarada (October, November), of the colour of the centre of the lotus, if, in Hemanta (December, January), of blood color [i.e., rudhira], mankind will be happy. If, in Varṣā (August, September), the rays of the sun be soft, mankind will be happy even though the sun should be of any of the colors mentioned above”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana
Rudhira (रुधिर) refers to “blood”, as mentioned in the Yogavasistha 4.27 (“Admonition of brahma”).—Accordingly: “As the war of the gods and Titans, was raging violently on both sides, and their bodies were pierced by the weapons of one another:—[...] The Daityas waged their battle with the rage of the midday sun, and put to flight the Airavata elephant of Indra—the leader of the gods. The Devas dropped down with their bodies gored with wounds, and spouting with blood [i.e., prasravat-rudhira]; and their armies fled on all sides, like the currents of a river overflowing and breaking down its bank. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Rudhira (रुधिर) refers to “blood”, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 108. Accordingly, “[...] The next day [Naravāhanadatta] deposited his wives in Mātaṅgapura, and went with the Vidyādhara kings to Govindakūṭa. There Gaurīmuṇḍa and Mānasavega came out to fight with them, and Caṇḍasiṃha and his colleagues met them face to face. When the battle began, brave warriors fell like trees marked out for the axe, and torrents of blood flowed [i.e., sravat-rudhira-nirjhara] on the mountain Govindakūṭa.”.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Rudhira (रुधिर) refers to “blood”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “[...] By means of the wind (vāta) of deceptive concepts (mṛṣāvikalpa) and wrong thoughts, the father and mother (mātāpitṛ) blow upon the fire (agni) of sexual desire (rāga); blood (rudhira), marrow (majjan) and fat (vasā) escape, get hot and are changed into sperm. The seed-consciousness (vijñānabīja) conditioned by previous actions (pūrvakarman) settles in the blood (śoṇita) and whitish sperm (śukra). That is what is called the seed of the body (kāyabīja). [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Rudhira.—cf. Tamil udira-paṭṭi (SITI), literally, ‘blood-land;’ land given to the descendants of a person who fell fighting on the king's behalf; see also rakta-mānya, mṛtyuka-vṛtti, rakta- paṭṭaka and vīra-śeṣā. Note: rudhira is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
rudhira : (nt.) blood.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Rudhira, (nt.) (late Vedic rudhira. Etym. connected with Lat. ruber red; Gr. e)ruqrόs red; Oicel. rodra blood, Goth. raups=Ger. rot=E. red) blood DhA. I, 140; PvA. 34 (for lohita; v. l. ruhira). See the more frequent words rohita & lohita; a form ruhira (q. v.) occurs e.g. at Pv. I, 91. (Page 573)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
rudhira (रुधिर).—n (S) Blood.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
rudhira (रुधिर).—n Blood.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Rudhira (रुधिर).—a. [rudh-kirac Uṇ.1.5] Red, red-coloured.
-ram 1 Blood.
-raḥ 1 The red colour.
2) The planet Mars; रोहिणीशकटमर्कनन्दनश्चेद् भिनत्ति रुधिरोऽथवा शशी (rohiṇīśakaṭamarkanandanaśced bhinatti rudhiro'thavā śaśī) Pt.1.213.
3) A kind of precious stone.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raṃ) 1. Blood. 2. Saffron. m.
(-raḥ) The planet Mars. E. rudh to obstruct, kirac Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rudhira (रुधिर).— (from a vb. rudh, lost in corresponding signification), n. 1. Blood, [Pañcatantra] 123, 14. 2. Saffron.
— Cf. [Old High German.] rôt; [Anglo-Saxon.] reád, roder; [Latin] rutilus (for old ruthilus), rufus, ruber, robigo, etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rudhira (रुधिर).—[adjective] red, bloody; [masculine] the planet Mars; [neuter] (rudhira) blood, saffron.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Rudhira (रुधिर):—[from rudh] mfn. ([probably] [from] the above lost root rudh, ‘to be red’; cf. rohita and also under rudra) red, blood-red, bloody, [Atharva-veda v, 29, 10]
2) [v.s. ...] m. the bloodred planet or Mars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra]
3) [v.s. ...] a kind of precious stone (cf. rudhirākhya)
4) [v.s. ...] (ru) n. (ifc. f(ā). ) blood, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.
5) [v.s. ...] n. saffron, [Caraka]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of a city, [Harivaṃśa] (cf. śonita-pura).
7) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] ἐρυθρός, ἔρευθος; [Latin] ruber, rubeo, rufus; [Lithuanian] rúdas, raúdas, raudónas; [Slavonic or Slavonian] rŭdrŭ, rŭdĕti; [Gothic] rauths; [Anglo-Saxon] reád; [English] red; [German] rôt, rot.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rudhira (रुधिर):—(raṃ) 1. n. Blood; saffron. m. The planet Mars.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Rudhira (रुधिर) [Also spelled rudhir]:—(nm) blood; ~[nyūnatā] anaemia; ~[pāyī] blood-sucker/blood-sucking; ~[maya] bloody, full of blood; -[vikāra] impurity of blood; -[vijñāna] haematology; ~[vaijñānika] haematologist; haematological; ~[strāva] haemorrhage.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Rudhira (ರುಧಿರ):—[adjective] red; blood-red; bloody.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] the colour of blood; red colour.
2) [noun] blood.
3) [noun] (astrol.) the astrological planet Mars.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+14): Rudhirabindu, Rudhiracarcitasarvanga, Rudhirada, Rudhiradana, Rudhiradhyaya, Rudhiragandha, Rudhiraharini, Rudhirakhya, Rudhiraksha, Rudhirakta, Rudhiralalasa, Rudhiralaya, Rudhiralepa, Rudhiramaya, Rudhirambha, Rudhirambhas, Rudhiranana, Rudhirandha, Rudhiranibha, Rudhiranirjhara.
Full-text (+59): Rudhirapayin, Raudhira, Rudhiralalasa, Rudhiralepa, Rudhirasara, Rudhiraplavita, Rudhiramaya, Rudhirandha, Rudhirakhya, Rudhirashana, Rodhra, Rudhiranana, Rudhirodgarin, Rudhirabindu, Rudhiravarsha, Rudhiratamraksha, Rudhirarushita, Sarudhiramutrata, Rudhirapata, Rudhirapradigdha.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Rudhira; (plurals include: Rudhiras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 1: Vasudevahiṇḍi (the wanderings of Vasudeva) < [Chapter IV - Vasudevahiṇḍi]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.7.8 < [Part 7 - Ghastliness (vībhatsa-rasa)]
Verse 4.8.22 < [Part 8 - Compatible & Incompatible Mellows (maitrī-vaira-sthiti)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 2 - Uparatna (2): Rudhra (carnelian) < [Chapter XXVII - Uparatna (minor gems)]
Part 6 - Uparatna (6): Upala (chalcedony, opal, and agate) < [Chapter XXVII - Uparatna (minor gems)]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LVII - Cosmogeny of Hell and the nether regions < [Agastya Samhita]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 2.5 < [Chapter 2 - Sāṅkhya-yoga (Yoga through distinguishing the Soul from the Body)]
Daśāvatāra-stotram (by Jayadeva Gosvami)