Rikta, Riktā: 8 definitions



Rikta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: academia.edu: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Riktā (रिक्ता) or Riktatithi is the name of the fourth of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Rikta according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Yama. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(17) The fourth tithi is called Riktā. One should perform menials act, capture oxen, do cruel things and make false witnesses. (18) On this tithi, one may engage in the annual raid of shelters. One should destroy village armies. One should know Yama as the deity”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rikta (रिक्त).—a (S) Empty, void, vacant. 2 fig. Destitute, devoid, unfurnished, unpossessing.

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riktā (रिक्ता).—f (S) A common term for the fourth, ninth, and fourteenth days of the lunar fortnight.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rikta (रिक्त).—a Empty, void, Fig. Destitute.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rikta (रिक्त).—p. p. [ric-kta]

1) Emptied, cleared, evacuated; रिक्तः सर्वो भवति हि लघुः पूर्णता गौरवाय (riktaḥ sarvo bhavati hi laghuḥ pūrṇatā gauravāya) Me.2.

2) Empty, void; devoid or deprived of, without; रिक्तभाण्डानि यत् किंचित् पुमांसश्चापरिच्छदाः (riktabhāṇḍāni yat kiṃcit pumāṃsaścāparicchadāḥ) Ms.8.45.

4) Hollowed (as hands).

5) Indigent, poor; हाहेति जल्पति जने सुकृतीव रिक्तः (hāheti jalpati jane sukṛtīva riktaḥ) Bhāg. 9.1.23.

6) Divided, separated.

7) Worthless, useless.

8) Unloaded; see रिच् (ric).

-ktam 1 An empty space, vacuum.

2) A forest, desert, wilderness.

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Riktā (रिक्ता).—Name of the fourth, ninth, and fourteenth days of a lunar fortnight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ṛkta (ऋक्त).—(°-), hyper-Sanskrit for rikta-, in tucchata ṛktato 'sārato Śālistambasūtra 88.14, cited Śikṣāsamuccaya 227.6; ṛkta- Lalitavistara 212.14 (prose); 214.8; and see riktamuṣṭi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rikta (रिक्त).—mfn.

(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Empty, void. 2. Poor, indigent. 3. Unloaded, unburthened. 4. Purged. 5. Divided. 6. Abandoned. 7. Joined. n.

(-ktaṃ) 1. A wood, a forest. 2. A vacuity, a vacuum. f.

(-ktā) The fourth, ninth, or fourteenth days of the lunar fortnight. E. ric to void by stool, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rikta (रिक्त).—[adjective] empty, void; wanting, -less (—°) poor, indigent, worthless, vain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rikta (रिक्त):—a riktha etc. See [column]2.

2) [from ric] b mfn. ([according to] to [Pāṇini 6-1, 208], also rikta) emptied, empty, void, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] bared (as an arm), [Meghadūta]

4) [v.s. ...] hollow, hollowed (as the hands), [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] poor, indigent, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] idle, worthless, [Pāṇini 8-1, 8 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) devoid or destitute of, free from, without, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] m. (in augury) Name of one of the four wagtails which serve for omens, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Patañjali]

10) Riktā (रिक्ता):—[from rikta > ric] f. ([scilicet] tithi) Name of the 4th, 9th, or 14th day of the lunar fortnight, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (cf. riktārka)

11) Rikta (रिक्त):—[from ric] n. an empty place, desert, wilderness, wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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