Ratnakara, aka: Ratnākara, Ratna-akara, Ratna-kara; 10 Definition(s)
Ratnakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—A Vaiśya. He was killed by an ox, but he attained Vaikuṇṭha as a brahmin called Dharmāśva sprinkled Gaṅgā water on him. (Padma Purāṇa, Kriyākhaṇḍa).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—Ocean personified.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 15. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is the name of an author of works dealing with prosodoy (chandas or chandaśśāstra) quoted by Kṣemendra (11th century) in his Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody in which the author discusses 27 popular metres which were used frequently by the poets (eg., Ratnākara).(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, as Pulastya said in his hermitage: “... there lived in the city of Ratnākara a king named Jyotiṣprabha, who ruled the earth with supreme authority, as far as the sea, the mine of jewels. There was born to him, by his queen named Harṣavatī, a son, whose birth was due to the favour of Śiva propitiated by severe asceticism”.
2) Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is the name of a horse, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, “... and when he saw that wonderful boar, he came to the conclusion that some being had assumed that form with an object, and he ascended his horse called Ratnākara, the progeny of Ucchaiḥśravas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ratnākara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
1) Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is one of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, mentioned in a list of twenty-two in to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—They were at the head of countless thousands of koṭinayuta of Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas who were all still awaiting succession and will still accede to Buddhahood. He is also known as La na kie lo or Pai tsi.
Ratnākara is one of the sixteen classified as a lay (gṛhastha) Bodhisattva: Ratnākara, a young prince (kumāra), lives in Vaiśālī.
2) Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is the name of the Buddha presiding over the Ratnāvatī universe according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “Then in the east, beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the limit of these universes, there is a universe called To pao (Ratnāvatī) where there is a Buddha called Pao tse (Ratnākara) who is now teaching the Prajñāpāramitā to the Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas”.
There is a Buddha there called Ratnākara (“jewel mine”). He is so called because he includes the pure faculties, the powers (bala), the path of bodhi and the other jewels of the Dharma (dharmaratna). Question—If that is so, all the Buddhas should be called Ratnākara. Why reserve the name Ratnākara for this Buddha alone? Answer—All the Buddhas have these jewels, but this Buddha is the only one to take his name from them. In the same way, Mi lö (Maitreya) is called “loving-kindness” (maitreya) although all the Buddhas have the same loving-kindness (maitrī), but Maitreya is the only one to have this as his name.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geogprahy
Pandit Ratnakara lived much later than Kalhana and probably wrote the history of Kashmir from 449 CE. The work of Ratnakara contained a list of 35 unknown kings and also 7 unknown kings who ruled over Kashmir. It is unbelievable that Kalhana was unaware of the Rajatarangini of Ratnakara (if it was written prior to Kalhana) as claimed by some historians. Ratnakara wrote the history of Kashmir after 449 CE but unfortunately no manuscript is available today.(Source): academia.edu: The Yona or Yavana Kings of the time of the Legendary King Ashoka
Ratnākara is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Ratnākara) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.
These copper plates (mentioning Ratnākara) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).(Source): What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—m (S) A jewel-mine. 2 A descriptive term for the ocean (as the great repository of jewels). ra0 āḷaviṇēṃ (To soothe the sea.) To fall to blubbering or weeping, and give up weakly (a work commanded or undertaken). Ex. hā raḍatōṇḍyā kharā jēthēṃ kāmāsa pāṭhavāvā tēthūna ratnākara āḷavīta yētō.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—m A jewel-mine; the ocean.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a mine of jewels.
2) the ocean; रत्नेषु लुप्तेषु बहुष्वमर्त्यैरद्यापि रत्नाकर एव सिन्धुः (ratneṣu lupteṣu bahuṣvamartyairadyāpi ratnākara eva sindhuḥ) Vikr. 1.12; रत्नाकरं वीक्ष्य (ratnākaraṃ vīkṣya) R.13.1.
Derivable forms: ratnākaraḥ (रत्नाकरः).
Ratnākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and ākara (आकर).
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Ratnakara (रत्नकर).—Name of Kubera.
Derivable forms: ratnakaraḥ (रत्नकरः).
Ratnakara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and kara (कर).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 24 books and stories containing Ratnakara, Ratnākara, Ratna-akara or Ratna-kara. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Act 10.2: Samantaraśmi greets the Buddha Śākyamuni < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Act 9.6: Ratnākara approves of Samantaraśmi’s venture to the Sahā universe < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Act 9.1: Description of the Ratnāvatī universe and the Buddha Ratnākara < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 13 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Ratnakosha < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Part 14 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Shambhu < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Part 9 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Kapali, author of Rasa-raja-mahodadhi < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra (by Vimalakirti)
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
Text Section 183 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Text Section 254 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 11 - Veṅkaṭanātha’s treatment of Inference < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 9 - Error and Doubt according to Veṅkaṭanātha < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)