Ratnakara, aka: Ratnākara, Ratna-akara, Ratna-kara; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ratnakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—A Vaiśya. He was killed by an ox, but he attained Vaikuṇṭha as a brahmin called Dharmāśva sprinkled Gaṅgā water on him. (Padma Purāṇa, Kriyākhaṇḍa).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—Ocean personified.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 15. 21.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is the name of an author of works dealing with prosodoy (chandas or chandaśśāstra) quoted by Kṣemendra (11th century) in his Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody in which the author discusses 27 popular metres which were used frequently by the poets (eg., Ratnākara).

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is one of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, mentioned in a list of twenty-two in to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—They were at the head of countless thousands of koṭinayuta of Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas who were all still awaiting succession and will still accede to Buddhahood. He is also known as La na kie lo or Pai tsi.

Ratnākara is one of the sixteen classified as a lay (gṛhastha) Bodhisattva: Ratnākara, a young prince (kumāra), lives in Vaiśālī.

2) Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is the name of the Buddha presiding over the Ratnāvatī universe according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “Then in the east, beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the limit of these universes, there is a universe called To pao (Ratnāvatī) where there is a Buddha called Pao tse (Ratnākara) who is now teaching the Prajñāpāramitā to the Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas”.

There is a Buddha there called Ratnākara (“jewel mine”). He is so called because he includes the pure faculties, the powers (bala), the path of bodhi and the other jewels of the Dharma (dharmaratna). Question—If that is so, all the Buddhas should be called Ratnākara. Why reserve the name Ratnākara for this Buddha alone? Answer—All the Buddhas have these jewels, but this Buddha is the only one to take his name from them. In the same way, Mi lö (Maitreya) is called “loving-kindness” (maitreya) although all the Buddhas have the same loving-kindness (maitrī), but Maitreya is the only one to have this as his name.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

India history and geogprahy

Pandit Ratnakara lived much later than Kalhana and probably wrote the history of Kashmir from 449 CE. The work of Ratnakara contained a list of 35 unknown kings and also 7 unknown kings who ruled over Kashmir. It is unbelievable that Kalhana was unaware of the Rajatarangini of Ratnakara (if it was written prior to Kalhana) as claimed by some historians. Ratnakara wrote the history of Kashmir after 449 CE but unfortunately no manuscript is available today.

(Source): academia.edu: The Yona or Yavana Kings of the time of the Legendary King Ashoka
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—m (S) A jewel-mine. 2 A descriptive term for the ocean (as the great repository of jewels). ra0 āḷaviṇēṃ (To soothe the sea.) To fall to blubbering or weeping, and give up weakly (a work commanded or undertaken). Ex. hā raḍatōṇḍyā kharā jēthēṃ kāmāsa pāṭhavāvā tēthūna ratnākara āḷavīta yētō.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—m A jewel-mine; the ocean.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—

1) a mine of jewels.

2) the ocean; रत्नेषु लुप्तेषु बहुष्वमर्त्यैरद्यापि रत्नाकर एव सिन्धुः (ratneṣu lupteṣu bahuṣvamartyairadyāpi ratnākara eva sindhuḥ) Vikr. 1.12; रत्नाकरं वीक्ष्य (ratnākaraṃ vīkṣya) R.13.1.

Derivable forms: ratnākaraḥ (रत्नाकरः).

Ratnākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and ākara (आकर).

--- OR ---

Ratnakara (रत्नकर).—Name of Kubera.

Derivable forms: ratnakaraḥ (रत्नकरः).

Ratnakara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and kara (कर).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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