Ratnakara, aka: Ratnākara; 5 Definition(s)


Ratnakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—Ocean personified.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 15. 21.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is one of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, mentioned in a list of twenty-two in to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—They were at the head of countless thousands of koṭinayuta of Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas who were all still awaiting succession and will still accede to Buddhahood. He is also known as La na kie lo or Pai tsi.

Ratnākara is one of the sixteen classified as a lay (gṛhastha) Bodhisattva: Ratnākara, a young prince (kumāra), lives in Vaiśālī.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

India history and geogprahy

Pandit Ratnakara lived much later than Kalhana and probably wrote the history of Kashmir from 449 CE. The work of Ratnakara contained a list of 35 unknown kings and also 7 unknown kings who ruled over Kashmir. It is unbelievable that Kalhana was unaware of the Rajatarangini of Ratnakara (if it was written prior to Kalhana) as claimed by some historians. Ratnakara wrote the history of Kashmir after 449 CE but unfortunately no manuscript is available today.

(Source): academia.edu: The Yona or Yavana Kings of the time of the Legendary King Ashoka
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—m (S) A jewel-mine. 2 A descriptive term for the ocean (as the great repository of jewels). ra0 āḷaviṇēṃ (To soothe the sea.) To fall to blubbering or weeping, and give up weakly (a work commanded or undertaken). Ex. hā raḍatōṇḍyā kharā jēthēṃ kāmāsa pāṭhavāvā tēthūna ratnākara āḷavīta yētō.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ratnākara (रत्नाकर).—m A jewel-mine; the ocean.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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