Ratri, aka: Rātrī, Rātri; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ratri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

The word Rātri (night) is symbolically derived from the root rā “to give,” and is taken to mean “the giver” of bliss, of peace, of happiness.

Source: Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana

1) Rātrī (रात्री).—Name of a river originating from Ṛkṣa, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Rātrī (रात्री).—One of the seven major rivers situated in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. It is also known by the name Sukhāvahā. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu.

Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Rātri (रात्रि).—A river in Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 75; Matsya-purāṇa 122. 88; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 69; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 55.

1b) A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75.

1c) Pārameśvara; pralaya or destruction at the end of which recurs the creation of the universe.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 5. 2 and 6.

1d) When the Asuras were born to Prajāpati night came into being; ety.; three yāmas of the night are full of darkness—Triyāmikā; then Prajāpati took another guise and created the devas; āsuri of tamas quality;1 no night for the region to the north of Meru and south of Lokāloka as the sun is far removed and the earth is surrounded by the lekha;2 for the Pitṛs is Suklapakṣa;3 enters water in the morning.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 6-15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 14.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 108.
  • 3) Ib. 51. 11; 57. 9.
  • 4) Ib. 53. 14.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

rātri (रात्रि).—f (S) Night.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 68 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kalaratri
Kālarātri (कालरात्रि).—The Devatā presiding over the night on the eve of death. The fierce aspe...
Shivaratri
Śivarātri (शिवरात्रि) is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) ...
Navaratri
Navaratri refers to one of the festivals of the Nambutiris. Navaratri refers to the first nine ...
Brahmaratri
Brahmarātri (ब्रह्मरात्रि).—an epithet of Yājñavalkya, (wrong for brahmarātiḥ) Derivable forms:...
Maharatri
Mahārātri (महारात्रि) or Mahārātrī (महारात्री).—f. 1) see महाप्रलय (mahāpralaya); ब्रह्मणश्च नि...
Ratripushpa
Rātripuṣpa (रात्रिपुष्प) or Rātrīpuṣpa (रात्रीपुष्प).—a lotus-flower opening at night. Derivabl...
Ratribhojana
Rātribhojana (रात्रिभोजन) refers to “taking food at night”.—Great importance has always been at...
Sukharatri
Sukharātri (सुखरात्रि).—1) the night of new moon (when lamps are lighted in honour of Lakṣmī). ...
Ratribhujanga
Rātribhujaṅga (रात्रिभुजङ्ग) or Rātrībhujaṅga (रात्रीभुजङ्ग).—the moon. Derivable forms: rātrib...
Ratrivedin
Rātrivedin (रात्रिवेदिन्) or Rātrīvedin (रात्रीवेदिन्).—m. a cock. Rātrivedin is a Sanskrit com...
Ratriraga
Rātrirāga (रात्रिराग) or Rātrīrāga (रात्रीराग).—darkness, obscurity. Derivable forms: rātrirāga...
Ratryupaya
Rātryupāya (रात्र्युपाय).—the approach of night. Derivable forms: rātryupāyaḥ (रात्र्युपायः), r...
Ratriraksha
Rātrirakṣa (रात्रिरक्ष) or Rātrīrakṣa (रात्रीरक्ष).—a watchman, guard. Derivable forms: rātrira...
Ratrisatranyaya
Rātrisatranyāya (रात्रिसत्रन्याय) or Rātrīsatranyāya (रात्रीसत्रन्याय).—the rule according to w...
Ratrimani
Rātrimaṇi (रात्रिमणि) or Rātrīmaṇi (रात्रीमणि).—1) the moon. 2) camphor. Derivable forms: rātri...

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