Ratikara, Rati-kara: 9 definitions



Ratikara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ratikara (रतिकर).—There are thirty-two Ratikara mountains in-between each tow of the sixteen lotus-lakes which are situated in the vicinity of the four Añjana mountains, according to Jain cosmology. Each Ratikara mountain has their own Śāśvatajinālaya (“eternal temple”) housing images of the Śāśvata-Jinas.

The Añjana (and Ratikara) mountains are situated in the southern direction of the central part of Nandīśvaradvīpa, which is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) and is mentioned in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Ratika (रतिक).—In the eight directions on the two southern Ratikara mountains are the places of eight queens of Śakra and on the two northern mountains are those of the queens of Īśānedra, all these being adorned with the temples of the Jinas. Here and elsewhere on the Nandīśvara-dvīpa, Indra and other gods celebrate eight days festival (aṣṭāhnika-mahotsava) every year on different holy (parva) days.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ratikara (रतिकर) is the name of a mountain mentioned in chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.


“Inside the constellation-circle, like an elephant inside a group of trees, making the sky seem to be covered with clouds, as it were, after crossing numberless continents and oceans, like the wind in speed, the car arrived at Nandīśvaradvīpa. Going to mount Ratikara in the southeast, Indra contracted the car, like a learned man abridging a book. Then, after crossing continents and oceans on this side, gradually contracting the car more and more, Vāsava arrived at the continent named Jambūdvīpa, at the southern half of Bharata, and at the birth-house of the first Tīrthakṛt”.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ratikara (रतिकर).—a.

1) giving pleasure; रामो रतिकरः पितुः (rāmo ratikaraḥ pituḥ) Rām.1.18.24.

2) enamoured.

Ratikara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rati and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ratikara (रतिकर).—m., (1) lamp (? possibly a corruption for some other word of that meaning; this meaning is proved by Burnouf, Introd. 223 infra, where in a translation(s) of a verse recension of Kāraṇḍavvūha it is a lamp which gives the merchant Siṃhala(rāja) the information which in the prose Kāraṇḍavvūha he receives from a ratikara; no plausible em. occurs to me): Kāraṇḍavvūha 54.7; 55.7, 9, 12 (warns the merchant that he is in danger of being devoured by an ogress); (2) m., name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 545; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1418.11. Cf. ratiṃkara.

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Ratikarā (रतिकरा).—name of an apsaras: Kāraṇḍavvūha 3.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratikara (रतिकर).—[feminine] ī causing joy or being in love, enamoured.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ratikara (रतिकर):—[=rati-kara] [from rati > ram] mf(ī)n. causing pleasure or joy, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] being in love, enamoured (= kāmin), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] Samādhi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Ratikarā (रतिकरा):—[=rati-karā] [from rati-kara > rati > ram] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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