Rajika, Rājikā, Rājika: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rajika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rājikā (राजिका) refers to “small mustard” and is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“worship with Rājikā (small mustard) of Śiva shall bring about the death of enemies (śatrumṛtyu). Twenty palas of Sarṣapa (big mustard) constitute a hundred thousand in number. Worshipping with them also brings about the death of enemies (śatrumṛtyu). The Śivaliṅga shall be decorated with the leaves of Āḍhakī and then worshipped”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rājika (राजिक).—A pupil of Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 61. 44.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Rājika (राजिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Rājika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Rājikā (राजिका) refers to “mustard” and is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., prācīnāmalaka (Flacourtia cataphracta)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., rājikā (mustard)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Rājikā (राजिका) refers to “black mustard”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 16.73.—Nārāyaṇa remarks (“‘rāyī’ iti kānyakubjabhāṣāyām”).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Rājikā (राजिका) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘jihvā’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., rājikā) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rājikā, (f.) (cp. Sk. rājikā) a certain (gold) weight (a seedcorn of Sinapis ramosa) Th. 1, 97=862 (kaṃsa sata° 100 mustard seeds in weight, i.e. very costly); J. VI, 510 (kaṃse sovaṇṇe satarājike). (Page 570)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājīka (राजीक).—n (rājā) Regal oppression or injustice; the troubles and infelicities arising or proceeding from the ruler or the government; as contrad. from dēvīka Proceeding from God or the gods. 2 The ravages and devastations of invasion or hostile irruption. 3 Kings' business, i. e. War and its disorders.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājikā (राजिका).—

1) A line, row, range.

2) A field.

3) Black mustard; न राजिकाराद्धमभोजि तत्र (na rājikārāddhamabhoji tatra) N.16.73.

4) Mustard (used as a weight).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājikā (राजिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. Black mustard, (Sinapis racemosa, Rox.) 2. A field. 3. A line, a row, a range. 4. A continuous or unbroken line. E. rāja to shine, kvun aff., fem. form; or rāji as above, kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājikā (राजिका).—[rāji + kā]f. I., A line. Ii. A field. Iii. Black mustard, Sinapis racemosa, [Pañcatantra] 184, 18. Cf. rājaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajikā (रजिका):—[from rajaka > raj] f. a washerwoman, [Pāṇini 3-1, 145; Patañjali]

2) Rājika (राजिक):—[from rāj] a mfn. See ṣoḍasa-r

3) [v.s. ...] m. = narendra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

5) Rājikā (राजिका):—[from rājika > rāj] a f. See rājikā under rāji, [column]2.

6) [from rāji] b f. (for rājika See [column]1) a stripe, streak, line, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a field, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Sinapis Ramosa (a grain of it = 1/3 Sarṣapa), [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

9) [v.s. ...] a [particular] eruption (enumerated among the Kṣudra-rogas), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

10) Rājika (राजिक):—b m. [plural] Name of a people, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([varia lectio])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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