Parajika, aka: Pārājika, Pārājikā; 4 Definition(s)


Parajika means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Parajika in Theravada glossaries]

The first of the two divisions of the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Pitaka.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

T (That which does generate loss). Serious fault causing the loss of the status of bhikkhu for life. There are four parajikas (sexual intercourse, theft, murder, claim about non obtained realisations). There are 4 parajika.

  1. Refrain from having sexual intercourse.
  2. Refrain from stealing.
  3. Refrain from commiting murder.
  4. Refrain from claiming attainments of stages of pure mental concentration that have not been achieved.

See also: The 4 parajikas

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of parajika in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Parajika in Pali glossaries]

pārājika : (adj.) one who has committed the gravest transgression of the rules for bhikkhus.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pārājika, (etym. doubtful; suggested are parā+aj (Burnouf); para+ji; pārācika (S. Lévi, see Geiger, P. Gr. § 38, n. 3; also Childers s. v.)) one who has committed a grave transgression of the rules for bhikkhus; one who merits expulsion (see on term Vin. Texts I. 3; Miln. trsln I. 268; II, 78) Vin. I, 172; II, 101, 242; A. II, 241; III, 252; V, 70; J. VI, 70, 112; Miln. 255; Vism. 22; KhA 97, DhA. I, 76 (as one of the divisions of the Suttavibhaṅga, see also Vin. III, 1 sq.). (Page 454)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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