Raji, aka: Rāji, Rajī, Rājī; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Raji means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Rajī (रजी):—Son of Āyu (one of the six sons of Purūravā, who was a son of Budha). Rajī had 500 powerful sons. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.1-3,9.17.12)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Raji (रजि).—(RĀJI). A prominent king of the Pūru dynasty. He was one of the five sons of Āyus by Svarbhānu the other four being Nahuṣa, Kṣatravṛddha, (Vṛddhaśarman) Rambha and Anenas. (Āśrama Parva, Chapter 70, Verse 23).

Purāṇas contain stories that Indra destroyed people born in Raji’s dynasty as they hated the former. That side in which the powerful Raji fought used to win. In a fight between the asuras and the Devas, when Indra felt that his side was losing, he secured the participation of Raji in the fight on condition that the latter would be given Indra-hood. The asuras were defeated and Raji was made king of svarga.

Raji had thousands of children and they were known under the common name Rājeyakṣatriyas. But they were a foolish lot and lacked the capacity to distinguish themselves in Indra’s place. Therefore, at the instance of Bṛhaspati, preceptor of the Devas, Indra destroyed them all and resumed his former position and status. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha; Vāyu Purāṇa, Chapter 92, Verse 76; Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa 11; Harivaṃśa 1, 28; Matsya Purāṇa. Chapter 24, Verses 34-49).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Raji (रजि).—Son of Āyu and father of five hundred (hundred m.p.) sons known as Rajeyas; a devotee of Nārāyaṇa; was invested with conquering powers; fearing Prahlāda and other enemies, Indra gave his kingdom to Raji; once when the Devāsura (Kolāhala) war broke out between Prahlāda and Indra extending for 300 years both parties invoked his assistance; he joined the Devas who unlike the Asuras accepted him as their Lord and he vanquished the Asuras; Indra became thus his adopted son to whom he gave back his kingdom and returned to forest for penance.*

  • * Indra, however, returned the kingdom to Raji; after Raji's death his sons appropriated the kingdom and refused to give it to Indra; the latter therefore killed all of them with the help of Bṛhaspati. 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 1-16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 2, 79-105; 72. 86; Matsya-purāṇa 24. 35-42; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 86; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 3, 21; 9. 1-23. It is said where Raji is, there Lakṣmī finds her abode; where Lakṣmī is there Dhṛti lives; where Dhṛti resides, Dhāma lives; where Dhāma lives, there is Jaya. 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 74-99.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

On the request of the demigods, Rajī killed the demons and thus returned the kingdom of heaven to Lord Indra. But Indra, fearing such demons as Prahlāda, returned the kingdom of heaven to Rajī and surrendered himself at Rajī's lotus feet. Upon Rajī's death, Indra begged Rajī's sons for the return of the heavenly planet. They did not return it, however, although they agreed to return Indra's shares in ritualistic ceremonies. Thereafter, Bṛhaspati, the spiritual master of the demigods, offered oblations in the fire so that the sons of Rajī would fall from moral principles. When they fell, Lord Indra killed them easily because of their degradation. Not a single one of them remained alive.

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Raji (रजि) is another name for Rājasarṣapa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica nigra (black mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Rājasarṣapa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.121), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Rājī (राजी) is the name of a village mentioned as lying on the southern boundary of Mora, according to the “Vaḍavalī grant of Aparāditya I”. Mora is a village situated in the Vareṭikā-viṣaya, which seems to have comprised part of the modern Karjat tālukā of the Kolābā District.

These copper plates (mentioning Rājī) were in the possession of a blacksmith at Vaḍavalī near Ṭhāṇā. Its object is to record the grant, by Aparāditya, of the village Vaḍavalī in the Karakūṭa-viṣaya and also of a field in the village Mora in the Vareṭikā-viṣaya. It is dated on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Kārttika in the Śaka year 1049, the cyclic year being Plavaṅga.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

raji : (aor. of rajati) dyed. || rāji (f.) a row; line; range; dissension. (aor. of rājati), shined.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Rāji, 2 (fr. rāga?) dissension, quarrel, in phrase saṅgha° (+saṅghabheda) Vin. II, 203 (quoted at VbhA. 428); IV, 217. (Page 570)

2) Rāji, 1 (cp. Sk. rāji) a streak, line, row Sn. p. 107 (nīla-vana° =dark line of trees, expld as nīla-vana rukkha-panti SnA 451); Vv 644 (nabhyo sata-rāji-cittita “coloured with 100 streaks”; VvA=lekhā); 646 (veḷuriya°); pabbata° a mountain range J. II, 417; dīgha° (adj.) of long lineage PvA. 68; dvaṅgula° a band 2 inches broad Dāvs. V, 49; roma° a row of hair (on the body) J. V, 430. (Page 570)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

rajī (रजी).—f (raja S) Dust.

--- OR ---

rājī (राजी).—f S A row or line.

--- OR ---

rājī (राजी).—a ( A) Willing, ready, acquiescent, consenting. 2 (rājā) A term at cards.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājī (राजी).—a Willing, ready, consenting. f A row.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāji (राजि) or Rājī (राजी).—f. [rāj-in vā ṅīp Uṇ.4.136]

1) A streak, line, row, range; सर्वं पण्डितराजराजितिलकेनाकारि लोकोत्तरम् (sarvaṃ paṇḍitarājarājitilakenākāri lokottaram) Bv.4.44; दानराजिः (dānarājiḥ) R.2.7; राजीवराजीवशलोलमृङ्गम् (rājīvarājīvaśalolamṛṅgam) Śi.4.9. Ki.5.4.

2) Black mustard.

3) The soft palate, uvula.

4) A striped snake.

6) A field.

Derivable forms: rājiḥ (राजिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāji (राजि).—f. (-jiḥ-jī) 1. A row, a line. 2. An unbroken row, a continuous line. 3. A small vessel of the body. E. rāj to shine, in Unadi aff., ṅīṣ optionally added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 47 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Somaraji
Somarājī (सोमराजी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with...
Vanaraji
Vanarāji (वनराजि).—mfn. (-jiḥ-jiḥ or jī-ji) Embellishing or beautifying a forest. E. vana, rājṛ...
Romaraji
Romarāji (रोमराजि) or Romarājī (रोमराजी).—f. a line of hair on the abdomen (above the navel); र...
Tirtharaji
Tīrtharāji (तीर्थराजि) or Tīrtharājī (तीर्थराजी).—f. an epithet of Benaras. Derivable forms: tī...
Nilaraji
Nīlarāji (नीलराजि).—f. a line of darkness, dark mass, thick darkness; निशाशशाङ्कक्षतनीलराजयः (n...
Megharaji
Megharāji (मेघराजि).—f. a line of clouds; प्रथमं मेघराजिः पञ्चाद् बिद्युल्लता (prathamaṃ meghar...
Snigdharaji
Snigdharāji (स्निग्धराजि).—a kind of snake.Derivable forms: snigdharājiḥ (स्निग्धराजिः).Snigdha...
Raktaraji
Raktarāji (रक्तराजि).—a particular disease of the eye. Derivable forms: raktarājiḥ (रक्तराजिः)....
Lomaraji
Lomarāji (लोमराजि).—f. a line of hair from the breast to the navel; see रोमावली (romāvalī) &c. ...
Indra
Indra (इन्द्र).—m. (-ndraḥ) 1. The deity presiding over Swarga or the Hindu paradise, and the s...
Tala
Tala (तल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. Essential nature, (in composition especially, as mahītalaṃ the earth it...
Samgha
Saṅgha (सङ्घ).—n. (-ṅghaṃ) 1. Flock, multitude, number, a collection of living beings either of...
Shakra
Śakra (शक्र).—m. (-kraḥ) 1. Indra, the chief of the inferior gods, and ruler of Swarga or parad...
Pratishthana
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) is the name of an ancient town mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya ch...
Lekha
Lekha (लेख).—m. (-khaḥ) 1. A letter, an epistle. 2. A god, a deity. f. (-khā) 1. A line, a mark...

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