Raji, Rāji, Rajī, Rājī: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Raji means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Rajī (रजी):—Son of Āyu (one of the six sons of Purūravā, who was a son of Budha). Rajī had 500 powerful sons. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.1-3,9.17.12)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Raji (रजि).—(RĀJI). A prominent king of the Pūru dynasty. He was one of the five sons of Āyus by Svarbhānu the other four being Nahuṣa, Kṣatravṛddha, (Vṛddhaśarman) Rambha and Anenas. (Āśrama Parva, Chapter 70, Verse 23).

Purāṇas contain stories that Indra destroyed people born in Raji’s dynasty as they hated the former. That side in which the powerful Raji fought used to win. In a fight between the asuras and the Devas, when Indra felt that his side was losing, he secured the participation of Raji in the fight on condition that the latter would be given Indra-hood. The asuras were defeated and Raji was made king of svarga.

Raji had thousands of children and they were known under the common name Rājeyakṣatriyas. But they were a foolish lot and lacked the capacity to distinguish themselves in Indra’s place. Therefore, at the instance of Bṛhaspati, preceptor of the Devas, Indra destroyed them all and resumed his former position and status. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha; Vāyu Purāṇa, Chapter 92, Verse 76; Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa 11; Harivaṃśa 1, 28; Matsya Purāṇa. Chapter 24, Verses 34-49).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rāji (राजि) refers to the “rows (of teeth)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.46 (“The arrival of the bridegroom”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the meantime the servant-maids in the harem of the mountain took Pārvatī out in order to worship the tutelar family deity. [...] With diamond earrings her cheeks appeared brilliant. Her rows of teeth (danta-rāji) sparkled like diamonds. Red lac applied over her lips which were naturally red like Bimba fruits was exquisite. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Raji (रजि).—Son of Āyu and father of five hundred (hundred m.p.) sons known as Rajeyas; a devotee of Nārāyaṇa; was invested with conquering powers; fearing Prahlāda and other enemies, Indra gave his kingdom to Raji; once when the Devāsura (Kolāhala) war broke out between Prahlāda and Indra extending for 300 years both parties invoked his assistance; he joined the Devas who unlike the Asuras accepted him as their Lord and he vanquished the Asuras; Indra became thus his adopted son to whom he gave back his kingdom and returned to forest for penance.*

  • * Indra, however, returned the kingdom to Raji; after Raji's death his sons appropriated the kingdom and refused to give it to Indra; the latter therefore killed all of them with the help of Bṛhaspati. 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 1-16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 2, 79-105; 72. 86; Matsya-purāṇa 24. 35-42; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 86; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 3, 21; 9. 1-23. It is said where Raji is, there Lakṣmī finds her abode; where Lakṣmī is there Dhṛti lives; where Dhṛti resides, Dhāma lives; where Dhāma lives, there is Jaya. 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 74-99.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

On the request of the demigods, Rajī killed the demons and thus returned the kingdom of heaven to Lord Indra. But Indra, fearing such demons as Prahlāda, returned the kingdom of heaven to Rajī and surrendered himself at Rajī's lotus feet. Upon Rajī's death, Indra begged Rajī's sons for the return of the heavenly planet. They did not return it, however, although they agreed to return Indra's shares in ritualistic ceremonies. Thereafter, Bṛhaspati, the spiritual master of the demigods, offered oblations in the fire so that the sons of Rajī would fall from moral principles. When they fell, Lord Indra killed them easily because of their degradation. Not a single one of them remained alive.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Rājī (राजी) is another name for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Rājī and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Rājī (राजी) or “mustard” is the name of an herbal ingredient which is included in a (snake) poison antidote recipe, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Several herbal formulations have been recommended in the segment exclusively for lepa or ointment to counter poison. According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse VIII.45), “A paste or bolus fashioned out of ginger, garlic, lac, asafoetida, two kinds of Niśā, mustard (rājī), Mātula mixed with urine ,when applied as ointment, destroys venom”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Raji (रजि) is another name for Rājasarṣapa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica nigra (black mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Rājasarṣapa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.121), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Rājī (राजी):—Appearance of lines of veins

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Rājī (राजी) refers to a “line” (of hair), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The adept) should meditate on the goddess Parāparā in the middle of the triangle. (Parāparā) shines with the light of the rising sun and is (red) like a pomegranate flower. She wears red clothes and is adorned with dreadlocks and the moon. Three wrinkles and a line of hair [i.e., roma-rājī-vibhūṣitā] (adorn the middle of her body). She is replete with all fine characteristics and has fat upraised breasts. Tranquil and supreme, she has four arms and one face with three eyes. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Rājī (राजी) is the name of a village mentioned as lying on the southern boundary of Mora, according to the “Vaḍavalī grant of Aparāditya I”. Mora is a village situated in the Vareṭikā-viṣaya, which seems to have comprised part of the modern Karjat tālukā of the Kolābā District.

These copper plates (mentioning Rājī) were in the possession of a blacksmith at Vaḍavalī near Ṭhāṇā. Its object is to record the grant, by Aparāditya, of the village Vaḍavalī in the Karakūṭa-viṣaya and also of a field in the village Mora in the Vareṭikā-viṣaya. It is dated on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Kārttika in the Śaka year 1049, the cyclic year being Plavaṅga.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Raji in India is the name of a plant defined with Eleusine coracana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cynosurus coracanus L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum… . (1788)
· FBI (1897)
· Species Plantarum (1762)
· Lidia (1999)
· American Journal of Botany
· Grasses of Burma (1960)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Raji, for example extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

raji : (aor. of rajati) dyed. || rāji (f.) a row; line; range; dissension. (aor. of rājati), shined.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Rāji, 2 (fr. rāga?) dissension, quarrel, in phrase saṅgha° (+saṅghabheda) Vin. II, 203 (quoted at VbhA. 428); IV, 217. (Page 570)

2) Rāji, 1 (cp. Sk. rāji) a streak, line, row Sn. p. 107 (nīla-vana° =dark line of trees, explained as nīla-vana rukkha-panti SnA 451); Vv 644 (nabhyo sata-rāji-cittita “coloured with 100 streaks”; VvA=lekhā); 646 (veḷuriya°); pabbata° a mountain range J. II, 417; dīgha° (adj.) of long lineage PvA. 68; dvaṅgula° a band 2 inches broad Dāvs. V, 49; roma° a row of hair (on the body) J. V, 430. (Page 570)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rajī (रजी).—f (raja S) Dust.

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rājī (राजी).—f S A row or line.

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rājī (राजी).—a ( A) Willing, ready, acquiescent, consenting. 2 (rājā) A term at cards.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rājī (राजी).—a Willing, ready, consenting. f A row.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāji (राजि) or Rājī (राजी).—f. [rāj-in vā ṅīp Uṇādi-sūtra 4.136]

1) A streak, line, row, range; सर्वं पण्डितराजराजितिलकेनाकारि लोकोत्तरम् (sarvaṃ paṇḍitarājarājitilakenākāri lokottaram) Bv.4.44; दानराजिः (dānarājiḥ) R.2.7; राजीवराजीवशलोलमृङ्गम् (rājīvarājīvaśalolamṛṅgam) Śiśupālavadha 4.9. Kirātārjunīya 5.4.

2) Black mustard.

3) The soft palate, uvula.

4) A striped snake.

6) A field.

Derivable forms: rājiḥ (राजिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāji (राजि).—f. (-jiḥ-jī) 1. A row, a line. 2. An unbroken row, a continuous line. 3. A small vessel of the body. E. rāj to shine, in Unadi aff., ṅīṣ optionally added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāji (राजि).—rājī, i. e. partly probably ṛj (properly raj, cf. [Latin] di-vigere), + ī, f. 1. A row, a line, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 217; a stripe, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 78; a line parting the hair, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 32. 2. A continuous line.

Rāji can also be spelled as Rājī (राजी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raji (रजि).—1. [masculine] [Name] of a demon or king.

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Raji (रजि).—2. [feminine] direction.

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Rāji (राजि).—[feminine] streak, line, row.

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Rājī (राजी).—[feminine] streak, line, row.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raji (रजि):—1. raji m. Name of a demon or king subdued by Indra, [Ṛg-veda vi, 26, 6] ([Sāyaṇa] ‘a maiden or a kingdom called Raji’)

2) of an Āṅgirasa, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

3) of a son of Āyu, [Mahābhārata]

4) ubhā rajī ([Ṛg-veda x, 105, 2]), ‘heaven and earth’ or ‘the sun and moon’ [Sāyaṇa]

5) [according to] to some also, ‘straight, erect, upright’.

6) 2. raji f. (cf. ṛju) direction, [Ṛg-veda x, 110, 12.]

7) Rāji (राजि):—f. ([probably] [from] √raj, rañj) a streak, line, row, range, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

8) a line parting the hair, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) the uvula or soft palate, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) a striped snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) a field, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Vernonia Anthelminthica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. rājī)

13) m. Name of a son of Āyu, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition] raji), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Rājī (राजी):—[from rāji] f. = rāji, a streak, line, row, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] Vernonia Anthelminthica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] black mustard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāji (राजि):—[(jiḥ-jī)] 2. 3. f. A row, a continuous line; tubular vessel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rāji (राजि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Rāi, Rāī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Raji in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rāji (राजि):—(nf) a row, line.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rāji (ರಾಜಿ):—

1) [noun] a number of persons or things arranged in a line; a row.

2) [noun] a large number of people or things gathered closely together; a gathering; a crowd.

3) [noun] the annual plant Brassica nigra of Brassicaceae family; black mustard.

4) [noun] its round, black seed; black mustard.

5) [noun] the thin, triangular, lid-like piece of cartilage that folds back over the opening of the windpipe during swallowing, thus preventing food, etc. from entering the lungs; the epiglottis.

6) [noun] a species of snake having stripes on its body.

7) [noun] a particular line found on the body of some horses.

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Rāji (ರಾಜಿ):—[noun] = ರಾಜೀ [raji].

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Rājī (ರಾಜೀ):—

1) [noun] a settlement between two parties in which each side gives up some demands or makes concessions.

2) [noun] agreement in opinion or sentiment; consent; approval.

3) [noun] free and independent choice; voluntary decision; free-will.

4) [noun] the act of resigning; resignation.

5) [noun] ರಾಜೀ ಆಗು [raji agu] rāji āgu to settle or adjust by concession with another party; to compromise oneself with; ರಾಜೀ ಮಾಡಿಸು [raji madisu] rājī māḍisu to cause to come to compromise; to make two parties to settle by concessions on both sides; ರಾಜೀ ಮಾಡು [raji madu] rājī māḍu = ರಾಜೀ ಮಾಡಿಸು [raji madisu].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Rāji (ராஜி) noun See ராசி¹. [rasi¹.]

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Rāji (ராஜி) noun See ராசி³. [rasi³.] (W.)

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Rājī (राजी):—n. 1. agreement; willingness; 2. an indigenous; tribe living in western Nepal; adj. willing; agreeable; happy; pleased; contented;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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