Caturmaharajika, Caturmahārājika, Cātummahārājika, Catummahārājika, Cāturmahārājika, Catur-maharajika, Catur-maharajika, Catummaharajika: 6 definitions



Caturmaharajika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturmaharajika.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturmaharajika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Caturmahārājika (चतुर्महाराजिक) is part of the six groups of Gods inhabiting the Kāmadhātu (the first of the three worlds), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The six classes of gods of the desire realm (kāmadhātu), attached to the five desirable objects, will fall into the hells (niraya) and be subjected to all the sufferings.

The Caturmahārājika gods represents one of the seven destination of rebirths in kāmadhātu, according to chapter XLIX, “[...] in another, generosity and morality are of somewhat higher purity (viśuddhi); this man feels repugnance for domestic things, loves to hear the Dharma and honors worthy people: he is reborn among the Caturmahārājika gods. Why? Because pleasant things appear there as soon as they are thought of; one constantly gets to see the good worthy people (satpuruṣa) of the place, and by honoring them resolutely, one draws near to practicing the meritorious action that consists of meditation”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturmaharajika in Tibetan Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Cāturmahārājika (चातुर्महाराजिक) refers to a group of deities mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including the Cāturmahārājikas).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturmaharajika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cātummahārājika : (adj.) belonging to the retinue of four Deva kings, inhabiting the lowest Deva heaven.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Cātummahārājikā (pl.) (sc. devā) the retinue of the Four Kings, inhabiting the lowest of the 6 devalokas Vin. I, 12; III, 18; D. I, 215; Nd2 307 (under devā); J. II, 311 (deva-loka);

2) Catummahārājika: see cātum°;

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturmaharajika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Caturmahārājika (चतुर्महाराजिक).—adj. (in Pali also sometimes ca°, oftener cā°, according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]), = prec. and (much oftener) cāturmahārājika, q.v.: Mahāvastu i.30.16, 17; 40.15; ii.348.16; Divyāvadāna 568.24; all these are prose.

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Cāturmahārājika (चातुर्महाराजिक).—rarely and doubtfully °jaka, once cāturmāhā°, adj., almost always with deva or deva- putra (the noun rarely omitted), = prec., and catur° (= Pali cātu(m)mah°), belonging to the group of gods of the four ‘World-Guardians’, a class of kāmāvacara gods, see deva, and mahāraja(n): °jaka (but v.l. °jika), with- out noun deva, Mahāvastu i.263.15; in the rest, °jika, Lalitavistara 46.19; 150.2; 266.4 f.; 401.8 f.; Mahāvastu i.31.10; 240.4 (v.l. °ja-kāyika); ii.2.8; 163.10; Divyāvadāna 68.12; 83.6; 127.20; 219.8; 367.9; 554.4; Avadāna-śataka i.5.1; 10.16, etc.; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 19.12; common. This is the most usual form. Once, at least, cāturmāhārājika, Mahāvastu ii.314.5 (prose, no v.l.). Also mahārājika, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturmahārājika (चतुर्महाराजिक):—[=catur-mahārājika] [from catur > catasṛ] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

2) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] = ja-kāyika, [Buddhist literature] (cf. cāt.)

3) Cāturmahārājika (चातुर्महाराजिक):—[from cātura] m. (= cat) Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata xii, 12864]

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] = jakāyika, [Buddhist literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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