Rajas; 7 Definition(s)
Rajas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmaśāstra (religious law)
Rajas (रजस्).—One of the three guṇas, representing the quality of love and hate. These three qualities are to be seen as all-pervading and interpenetrating all beings. The Sanskrit word rajas is a technical term used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.28: “What is mixed with pain and brings unhappiness to the soul,—know that to be ‘rajas’, imperceptible and constantly attracting embodied beings”.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.32: “Proneness to undertake work, impatience, commission of improper acts, constant addiction to sensual objects are the characteristics of the quality of ‘rajas’”.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.36: “When, by a certain act, the man desires great fame in this world, and does not mind failure—this should be understood to partake of the quality of ‘rajas’”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Rajas (रजस्):—Sanskrit word for a unit of measurement of weight, according to the Rasa-darpaṇa (Sanskrit work on rasaśāstra, or Medical Alchemy). Six yūkās constitute one rajas.(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Vyākaraṇa (Sanskrit grammar)
Rajas (रजस्).—One of the three elements constituting all objects as conceived by the Sāṅkhya system of philosophy.(Source): Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study
Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, vyakarana) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedāṅga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyākaraṇa concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Rajas (रजस्):—Another name for vaṃśī (unit of weight), according to the Cintāmaṇi.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
1) Rajas (रजस्) denotes the region of the atmosphere between heaven and earth in the Rigveda and later. The atmosphere, like the sky (div), is divided into three regions, but more normally into two, the ‘earthly’ (pārthiva) and the ‘heavenly’ (divya or divaḥ). In some passages the word refers in the plural to the dusty fields on earth.
2) Rajas (रजस्) in one passage of the Yajurveda-saṃhitās clearly means ‘silver’, like Rajata. It is also taken in this sense in one passage of the Rigveda by Zimmer, but this interpretation is doubtful.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Rajas is associated with concepts of energy, activity, ambition, and passion; so that, depending on how it is used, it can either have a supportive or hindering effect on the evolution of the soul.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Buddhism)
Rajas (रजस्, “dusty”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., rajas). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
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Search found 62 books and stories containing Rajas. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 8 - On the Guṇas and their forms < [Book 3]
Chapter 4 - On Adharma < [Book 4]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 12.81 < [Section IX - Details of Transmigration]
Verse 12.26 < [Section VII - The Three Guṇas]
Verse 12.32 < [Section VII - The Three Guṇas]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Yoga Sutras with Vedanta Commentaries (by Patañjali)
Sūtra 17 < [Part I - Yoga and its Aims]
Sūtras 4-7 < [Part IV - Liberation]
Sūtras 12-14 < [Part IV - Liberation]
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
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