Rajas; 6 Definition(s)
Rajas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmaśāstra (religious law)
Rajas (रजस्).—One of the three guṇas, representing the quality of love and hate. These three qualities are to be seen as all-pervading and interpenetrating all beings. The Sanskrit word rajas is a technical term used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.28: “What is mixed with pain and brings unhappiness to the soul,—know that to be ‘rajas’, imperceptible and constantly attracting embodied beings”.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.32: “Proneness to undertake work, impatience, commission of improper acts, constant addiction to sensual objects are the characteristics of the quality of ‘rajas’”.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.36: “When, by a certain act, the man desires great fame in this world, and does not mind failure—this should be understood to partake of the quality of ‘rajas’”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Rasaśāstra (chemistry and alchemy)
Rajas (रजस्):—Sanskrit word for a unit of measurement of weight, according to the Rasa-darpaṇa (Sanskrit work on rasaśāstra, or Medical Alchemy). Six yūkās constitute one rajas.(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasa-shastra) is an important branch of Āyurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasaśāstra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Rajas (रजस्):—Another name for vaṃśī (unit of weight), according to the Cintāmaṇi.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
1) Rajas (रजस्) denotes the region of the atmosphere between heaven and earth in the Rigveda and later. The atmosphere, like the sky (div), is divided into three regions, but more normally into two, the ‘earthly’ (pārthiva) and the ‘heavenly’ (divya or divaḥ). In some passages the word refers in the plural to the dusty fields on earth.
2) Rajas (रजस्) in one passage of the Yajurveda-saṃhitās clearly means ‘silver’, like Rajata. It is also taken in this sense in one passage of the Rigveda by Zimmer, but this interpretation is doubtful.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Rajas is associated with concepts of energy, activity, ambition, and passion; so that, depending on how it is used, it can either have a supportive or hindering effect on the evolution of the soul.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Buddhism)
Rajas (रजस्, “dusty”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., rajas). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Search found 500 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
raja (रज).—n m Dust. The poilen of flowers. The menstrual discharge. Second of the three proper...
rājahaṃsa (राजहंस).—m A white goose with red legs and bill.
Yuvarāja (युवराज, “heir apparent”).—Next to the king, Yuvarāja or heir apparent was an importan...
mṛgarāja (मृगराज) [-pati-vara, -पति-वर].—m A lion.
rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—m S A bean, Dolichos catjang.
rājāsana (राजासन).—n A throne.
rājamaṇḍala (राजमंडल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—n The royal circle, court.
Rājayakṣma (राजयक्ष्म, “royal sickness”) is mentioned in the Rigveda and several times later on...
rājadanta (राजदंत).—m (S) A common term for the incisors or cutter-teeth.
Rajapura (or, Rājapurā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according...
rājayōga (राजयोग).—m (S) A simple and easy mode of abstract meditation; as disting. from the au...
gandharāja (गंधराज).—m A flowering shrub, Gardenia florida. Grah.
rānacā rājā (रानचा राजा).—m (King of the wilderness.) A term applied to the bhīla & kātakarī.
raja:kaṇa (रज:कण).—m A particle of dust or powder.
Ekapādarājakapotāsana (एकपादराजकपोतासन, “one-leg king pigeon posture”) is a Sans...
Search found 64 books and stories containing Rajas. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 8 - On the Guṇas and their forms < [Book 3]
Chapter 4 - On Adharma < [Book 4]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 12.81 < [Section IX - Details of Transmigration]
Verse 12.26 < [Section VII - The Three Guṇas]
Verse 12.32 < [Section VII - The Three Guṇas]
Yoga Sutras with Vedanta Commentaries (by Patañjali)
Sūtra 17 < [Part I - Yoga and its Aims]
Sūtras 4-7 < [Part IV - Liberation]
Sūtras 12-14 < [Part IV - Liberation]
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 11 - Prakṛti and its Evolution < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 10 - The Guṇas < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 13 - Mahat and Ahaṃkāra < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
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