Rajas: 24 definitions
Rajas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rajas (रजस्):—Sanskrit word for a unit of measurement of weight, according to the Rasa-darpaṇa (Sanskrit work on rasaśāstra, or Medical Alchemy). Six yūkās constitute one rajas.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Rajas (रजस्).—One of the three guṇas, representing the quality of love and hate. These three qualities are to be seen as all-pervading and interpenetrating all beings. The Sanskrit word rajas is a technical term used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.28: “What is mixed with pain and brings unhappiness to the soul,—know that to be ‘rajas’, imperceptible and constantly attracting embodied beings”.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.32: “Proneness to undertake work, impatience, commission of improper acts, constant addiction to sensual objects are the characteristics of the quality of ‘rajas’”.
According to the Manusmṛti XII.36: “When, by a certain act, the man desires great fame in this world, and does not mind failure—this should be understood to partake of the quality of ‘rajas’”.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study
Rajas (रजस्).—One of the three elements constituting all objects as conceived by the Sāṅkhya system of philosophy.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Rajas (रजस्):—1. One of the three qualities (sattva, Rajas and Tamas) or constituents of everything in creation. 2. Initiation, Mobility, Activity 3. The menstrual discharge of a woman. ; The quality of passion, one of the three ‘property’ of manas and conceived as the fundamental substratum of the universe.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Rajas (रजस्) refers to “grain of dust (unit of measurement) § 2.1.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Rajas (रजस्) refers to the “female seed”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—The god explains in the Kularatnoddyota that when the male and female seed (rajas) are generated by the union of Śiva and Śakti: “There, O beloved, the (male) seed and the female (rajas) are mixed. The great and immortal Point originated there, O fair-faced one, energized and shining, its light was like that of tens of millions of suns. O mistress of the gods, endowed with four energies, (its) form is round. (Everything) was engulfed (kadambīkṛta) in every way within the mass of (its) rays and flames. O goddess, one should know that to be the Kadamba tree (taught) in the Kula teaching. ”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Rajas (रजस्) refers to “dust storms”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of the prediction of immediate rain from surrounding phenomena; of judging the nature of the future crops from the growth of plants and flowers; of the halos round the sun and moon; of lines of clouds crossing the solar disc at rising and setting; of the winds; of meteoric falls; of false fires; of earthquakes; of the red sky immediately before sunrise and after sunset; of the fanciful shapes of clouds; of dust storms [i.e., rajas]; of thunderbolts; of the price of food grains; of gardening; [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)
Rajas (रजस्) refers to “female generative fluid”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “Know bindu to be of two kinds, male and female. Semen (bīja) is said to be the male [bindu] and rajas (female generative fluid) is female. As a result of their external union people are created. When they are united internally, then one is declared a yogi. [...]
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Rajas (रजस्):—Another name for vaṃśī (unit of weight), according to the Cintāmaṇi.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
1) Rajas (रजस्) denotes the region of the atmosphere between heaven and earth in the Rigveda and later. The atmosphere, like the sky (div), is divided into three regions, but more normally into two, the ‘earthly’ (pārthiva) and the ‘heavenly’ (divya or divaḥ). In some passages the word refers in the plural to the dusty fields on earth.
2) Rajas (रजस्) in one passage of the Yajurveda-saṃhitās clearly means ‘silver’, like Rajata. It is also taken in this sense in one passage of the Rigveda by Zimmer, but this interpretation is doubtful.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Rajas is associated with concepts of energy, activity, ambition, and passion; so that, depending on how it is used, it can either have a supportive or hindering effect on the evolution of the soul.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Rajas (रजस्) refers to the “dust (of the earth)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “Present time (pratyutpanna) is like a ball of clay (mṛnpiṇḍa), past time (atīta) like the dust of the earth (pṛthivī-rajas) and future time (anāgata) like the vase (ghata). Since time is eternal (nitya), the past does not make the future, for according to your texts, time is a single substance (ekadravya). This is why the past does not make the future or the present, for they are confused with the past. In the past there is no future. That is why there is no future or present”.Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Rajas (रजस्) refers to “(atomic-sized) dust”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] The Śāriputra the Elder addressed himself to the Lord: ‘O Lord, how long the thought of awakening will be continued after the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja produced it?’. [...] The Lord said: ‘It is like this, Śāriputra, as if the world-spheres as numerous as the grains of sand in the river Gaṅgā are filled with the atomic-sized dust of Buddha-fields as numerous as the grains of sand in the river Gaṅgā, as if all the atomic-sized dust (paramāṇu-rajas) is put into a single dust-grain of a field during many hundreds of thousands of aeons, in the same way of calculating and establishing distinguishing marks, even though all the dust would be exhausted, the thought of incomparable complete awakening, which was produced by the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, for the uncountable hundreds, thousands, millions, billions of ages, would never be exhausted’ [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Rajas (रजस्, “dusty”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., rajas). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Rajas (रजस्).—n. [rañj-asun nalopaḥ Uṇādi-sūtra 4.224]
1) Dust, powder, dirt; धन्यास्तदङ्गरजसा मलिनीभवन्ति (dhanyāstadaṅgarajasā malinībhavanti) Ś.7.17; आत्मोद्धतैरपि रजोभिरलङ्घनीयाः (ātmoddhatairapi rajobhiralaṅghanīyāḥ) 1.8; R.1.42;6.33.
2) The dust or pollen of flowers; भूयाद् कुशेशयरजोमृदुरेणुरस्याः (bhūyād kuśeśayarajomṛdureṇurasyāḥ) (panthāḥ) Ś. 4.11; Meghadūta 35,67; Śiśupālavadha 7.42.
3) A mote in a sun-beam, any small particle (of matter); cf. Manusmṛti 8.132; जाल- सूर्यमरीचिस्थं त्रसरेणू रजः स्मृतम् (jāla- sūryamarīcisthaṃ trasareṇū rajaḥ smṛtam) Y.1.362.
4) A ploughed or cultivated land, arable field.
5) Gloom, darkness.
6) Foulness, passion, emotion, moral or mental darkness; अपथे पदमर्पयन्ति हि श्रुतवन्तोऽपि रजोनिमीलिताः (apathe padamarpayanti hi śrutavanto'pi rajonimīlitāḥ) R.9. 74.
7) The second of the three Guṇas or constituent qualities of all material substances (the other two being sattva and tamas; rajas is supposed to be the cause of the great activity seen in creatures; it predominates in men, as Sattva and Tamas predominate in gods and demons); अन्तर्गतमपास्तं मे रजसोऽपि परं तमः (antargatamapāstaṃ me rajaso'pi paraṃ tamaḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.6; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6. 27; रजोजुषे जन्मनि (rajojuṣe janmani) K.; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.2.
8) Menstrual discharge, menses; रजसाभिप्लुतां नारी नरस्य ह्युपगच्छतः । प्रज्ञा तेजो बलं चक्षुरायुश्चैव प्रहीयते (rajasābhiplutāṃ nārī narasya hyupagacchataḥ | prajñā tejo balaṃ cakṣurāyuścaiva prahīyate) || Manusmṛti 4.41;5.66.
11) Ved. Air, atmosphere.
12) A division of the world.
14) Cloud or rain-water.
15) Sin (pāpa); प्रायश्चित्तं च कुर्वन्ति तेन तच्छाम्यते रजः (prāyaścittaṃ ca kurvanti tena tacchāmyate rajaḥ) Rām.4. 18.34.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-jaḥ) 1. The second of the three primary qualities of nature the quality or property of passion: that which produces sensual desire, worldly coveting, pride, and falsehood, and is the cause of pain. 2. Dust. 3. The dust or pollen of a flower. 4. Any particle of matter. 5. The menstrual evacuation. 6. Cultivated fields. 7. A mole in a sun-beam. E. rañj to colour, to be attached to, Unadi aff. asun .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rajas (रजस्).—I. i. e. rañj + as, n. (the original signification was probably ‘Dimness;’ cf. rajani and [Gothic.] riquis). 1. Sky,
Rajas (रजस्).—[neuter] atmosphere, air, [especially] the lower region of clouds and vapours ([opposed] div or rācana); the sky (conc. also as twofold, rajasī) mist, gloom (i.[grammar]); dust, pollen of flowers, any small particle of matter; foulness, impurity, [especially] the menstrual secretion, darkness or soul-darkening passion (ph.).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Rajas (रजस्):—[from raj] n. ‘coloured or dim space’, the sphere of vapour or mist, region of clouds, atmosphere, air, firmament (in Veda one of the divisions of the world and distinguished from div or svar, ‘the sphere of light’, and rocanā divaḥ, ‘the ethereal spaces’, which are beyond the rajas, as ether is beyond the air; often rajas, = ‘the whole expanse of heaven or sky’, divided into a lower and upper stratum, the rajas uparam or pārthivam and the rajas uttamam or paramam or divyam; hence [dual number] rajasī, ‘the lower and higher atmospheres’; sometimes also three and, [Ṛg-veda i, 164, 6] even six such spheres are enumerated, hence [plural] rajāṃsi, ‘the skies’), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] vapour, mist, clouds, gloom, dimness, darkness, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]
3) [v.s. ...] impurity, dirt, dust, any small particle of matter, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (cf. go-r)
4) [v.s. ...] the dust or pollen of flowers, [Kālidāsa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] cultivated or ploughed land (as ‘dusty’ or ‘dirty’), arable land, fields, [Ṛg-veda]
6) [v.s. ...] the impurity id est. the menstrual discharge of a woman, [Gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.
7) [v.s. ...] the ‘darkening’ quality, passion, emotion, affection, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
8) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) the second of the three Guṇas or qualities (the other two being sattva, goodness, and tamas, darkness; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 85]; rajas is sometimes identified with tejas q.v.; it is said to predominate in air, and to be active, urgent, and variable), [Sāṃkhyakārikā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Suśruta] etc.
9) [v.s. ...] ‘light’ or ‘day’ or ‘world’ or ‘water’ [Nirukta, by Yāska iv, 19]
10) [v.s. ...] a kind of plant (= parpaṭa), [Bhāvaprakāśa]
11) [v.s. ...] tin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] autumn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] sperm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] safflower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Ṛṣi (son of Vasiṣṭha), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
16) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] ἔ-ρεβος; [Gothic] riqis.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rajas (रजस्):—(jaḥ) 5. n. The quality, passion, or sensual feelings; dust; desire; pollen; menses.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Rajas (रजस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Raya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Rajas in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) born of or appropriate to [rajoguna]; passionate; see [rajasi] (nm) arrogance; rage; excitement..—rajas (राजस) is alternatively transliterated as Rājasa.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+141): Rajahpatala, Rajahputra, Rajahsarathi, Rajahshaya, Rajahshuddhi, Rajasa, Rajasabha, Rajasabhastha, Rajasabhe, Rajasadana, Rajasadbhu, Rajasadman, Rajasai, Rajasakshika, Rajasala, Rajasalakhana, Rajasamagri, Rajasaman, Rajasamanta, Rajasamnidhana.
Ends with (+50): Abhutarajas, Abrajas, Adityarajas, Adrishtarajas, Agnibhrajas, Agnirajas, Alpaprajas, Amurtarajas, Aprajas, Arajas, Asprishtarajas, Avirajas, Ayorajas, Ayrajas, Bahirajas, Bahuprajas, Bahurajas, Bandhukapushparajas, Bhrajas, Bhringarajas.
Full-text (+347): Rajastamaska, Rajasa, Rajaska, Agnirajas, Guna, Arajas, Nabhorajas, Rajasvala, Drishtarajas, Rajasvin, Prakriti, Rajastamomaya, Rajogunamaya, Bhringarajas, Varatakarajas, Majjarajas, Nirajas, Rajahsarathi, Shatatin, Sumanorajas.
Search found 127 books and stories containing Rajas; (plurals include: Rajases). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
Verse 14.9-10 < [Chapter 14 - Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga]
Verse 14.5 < [Chapter 14 - Gunatraya-vibhaga-yoga]
Verse 18.31 < [Chapter 18 - Moksha-sannyasa-yoga]
Contribution of Vachaspati-Mishra to Samkhya System (by Sasikumar. B)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 8 - On the Guṇas and their forms < [Book 3]
Chapter 4 - On Adharma < [Book 4]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 12.81 < [Section IX - Details of Transmigration]
Verse 12.32 < [Section VII - The Three Guṇas]
Verse 12.26 < [Section VII - The Three Guṇas]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CCCXV < [Mokshadharma Parva]
Section CCLIV < [Mokshadharma Parva]
Section CCXI < [Markandeya-Samasya Parva]
Yoga-sutras (Ancient and Modern Interpretations) (by Makarand Gopal Newalkar)
Sūtra 2.18-19 [Prakṛti and Guṇa] < [Book II - Sādhana-pāda]
Sūtra 1.2 < [Book I - Samādhi-pāda]