Rajasa, aka: Rājasa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rajasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rājasa (राजस) is a Sanskrit word referring to a classification of human constitution (prakṛti) where Rajas-quality has its dominance. The word is used throughout Āyurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. A skilled physician should monitor the constitution of a patient during treatment with medicines and prescribing his diet.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The person of Rājasa nature is brave, has attachment and aversion, anger, passion, intolerance, greed, selfishness and is involved in enjoyments and violence.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Rajasa in Purana glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Rājasa (राजस).—Otherwise known as Ketumān, a Lokapāla;1 attained heaven by tapas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 157; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 95.
  • 2) Ib. 143. 38.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Rājasa (राजस) refers to a specific mode of classifying Hindu images, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—There are three modes in classifying the deities. Depending on the classical guṇa that they signify or embody, they are classified into sāttvika image, rājasa image and tāmasa image. The rājasa image is represented either in standing posture or mounted on a vehicle. The deity is depicted energetic, active, heroic, emotional, and mobile. It is adorned with various ornaments. The hands are held in the posture of removing fear and granting prayers. Subrahmaṇya, Śiva as Bhikṣāṭana, Hari-Hara, Ardhanārīśvara, Rāma and Sītā, Rājagopāla and Śrīnivāsa belong to this rājasa form.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Rajasa (रजस) occurs once in the Atharvaveda, apparently as the name of a kind of ‘fish’. Roth, however, understood it as an adjective meaning ‘impure’.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

rājasa (राजस).—a S In whom or which is predominant the property rajōguṇa; passionate, lustful, cupidinous &c. See rajōguṇa & guṇa.

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rājasa (राजस).—a (Poetry. rājā & Like a king. Radzas. ) Delicate and handsome; softly elegant, graceful, beautiful. Ex. hē rājasa bāḷē || kitī karaśīla cāḷē ||; also paramasakumāra rājasī ||. (rājasī is a feminine form of rājasa.)

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājasa (राजस).—a In whom or which is prominent the property of rajōguṇa. Delicate and handsome. Passionate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājasa (राजस).—a. (- f.) [रजसा निर्मितम् अण् (rajasā nirmitam aṇ)] Relating to or influenced by the quality rajas, endowed with the quality rajas or passion; ऊर्ध्वं गच्छन्ति सत्त्वस्था मध्ये तिष्ठन्ति राजसाः (ūrdhvaṃ gacchanti sattvasthā madhye tiṣṭhanti rājasāḥ) Bg.14.18;7.12;17.2.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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