Rajasa, Rājasa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rajasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rājasa (राजस) is a Sanskrit word referring to a classification of human constitution (prakṛti) where Rajas-quality has its dominance. The word is used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. A skilled physician should monitor the constitution of a patient during treatment with medicines and prescribing his diet.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

The person of Rājasa nature is brave, has attachment and aversion, anger, passion, intolerance, greed, selfishness and is involved in enjoyments and violence.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rājasa (राजस).—Otherwise known as Ketumān, a Lokapāla;1 attained heaven by tapas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 157; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 95.
  • 2) Ib. 143. 38.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Rājasa (राजस) refers to one of the three different forms of mahat, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—[...] From the disturbed prakṛti and the puruṣa sprang up the seed of mahat, which is of the nature of both pradhāna and puruṣa. The mahat-tattva is then covered by the pradhāna and being so covered it differentiates itself as the sāttvika, rājasa and tāmasa-mahat. The pradhāna covers the mahat just as a seed is covered by the skin. Being so covered there spring from the three fold mahat the threefold ahaṃkāra called vaikārika, taijasa and bhūtādi or tāmasa.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Rājasa (राजस) refers to a specific mode of classifying Hindu images, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—There are three modes in classifying the deities. Depending on the classical guṇa that they signify or embody, they are classified into sāttvika image, rājasa image and tāmasa image. The rājasa image is represented either in standing posture or mounted on a vehicle. The deity is depicted energetic, active, heroic, emotional, and mobile. It is adorned with various ornaments. The hands are held in the posture of removing fear and granting prayers. Subrahmaṇya, Śiva as Bhikṣāṭana, Hari-Hara, Ardhanārīśvara, Rāma and Sītā, Rājagopāla and Śrīnivāsa belong to this rājasa form.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Rajasa (रजस) occurs once in the Atharvaveda, apparently as the name of a kind of ‘fish’. Roth, however, understood it as an adjective meaning ‘impure’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājasa (राजस).—a S In whom or which is predominant the property rajōguṇa; passionate, lustful, cupidinous &c. See rajōguṇa & guṇa.

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rājasa (राजस).—a (Poetry. rājā & Like a king. Radzas. ) Delicate and handsome; softly elegant, graceful, beautiful. Ex. hē rājasa bāḷē || kitī karaśīla cāḷē ||; also paramasakumāra rājasī ||. (rājasī is a feminine form of rājasa.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rājasa (राजस).—a In whom or which is prominent the property of rajōguṇa. Delicate and handsome. Passionate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājasa (राजस).—a. (- f.) [रजसा निर्मितम् अण् (rajasā nirmitam aṇ)] Relating to or influenced by the quality rajas, endowed with the quality rajas or passion; ऊर्ध्वं गच्छन्ति सत्त्वस्था मध्ये तिष्ठन्ति राजसाः (ūrdhvaṃ gacchanti sattvasthā madhye tiṣṭhanti rājasāḥ) Bg.14.18;7.12;17.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasa (राजस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Relating to, or derived, &c. from the quality of Rajas or passion. f. (-sī) 1. The goddess Durga. 2. The state of being in this world or the next, in which the Raja Guna or quality of passion predominates: it is divided into three classes: the first class comprises the Gandharbas, Yakshas, Guhyakas, &c.; the second king and heroes, and the third, boxers, wrestlers, gamblers, tipplers, actors, &c. E. rajas the quality of passion, aṇ and ṅīp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasa (राजस).—i. e. rajas + a, I. adj., f. . 1. Belonging to the quality of passion, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 32. 2. Endowed with passion, 12, 40. Ii. f. , Durgā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajasa (रजस).—[adjective] obscure, dark.

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Rājasa (राजस).—[feminine] ī relating to passion (ph.); [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajasa (रजस):—[from raj] mfn. unclean, dusty, dark, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] living in the dark, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] ifc. (f(ī). ) the menstrual excretion (= rajas), [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

4) Rājasa (राजस):—mfn. belonging or relating to the quality rajas (q.v.), endowed with or influenced by the quality of passion, passionate (-tva n.), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) m. [plural] Name of a class of gods in the 5th Manv-antara, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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