Rajasa, Rājasa: 22 definitions


Rajasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rājasa (राजस) is a Sanskrit word referring to a classification of human constitution (prakṛti) where Rajas-quality has its dominance. The word is used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. A skilled physician should monitor the constitution of a patient during treatment with medicines and prescribing his diet.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

The person of Rājasa nature is brave, has attachment and aversion, anger, passion, intolerance, greed, selfishness and is involved in enjoyments and violence.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rājasa (राजस).—Otherwise known as Ketumān, a Lokapāla;1 attained heaven by tapas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 157; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 95.
  • 2) Ib. 143. 38.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Rājasa (राजस) refers to one of the three different forms of mahat, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—[...] From the disturbed prakṛti and the puruṣa sprang up the seed of mahat, which is of the nature of both pradhāna and puruṣa. The mahat-tattva is then covered by the pradhāna and being so covered it differentiates itself as the sāttvika, rājasa and tāmasa-mahat. The pradhāna covers the mahat just as a seed is covered by the skin. Being so covered there spring from the three fold mahat the threefold ahaṃkāra called vaikārika, taijasa and bhūtādi or tāmasa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Rājasa (राजस) refers to a specific mode of classifying Hindu images, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—There are three modes in classifying the deities. Depending on the classical guṇa that they signify or embody, they are classified into sāttvika image, rājasa image and tāmasa image. The rājasa image is represented either in standing posture or mounted on a vehicle. The deity is depicted energetic, active, heroic, emotional, and mobile. It is adorned with various ornaments. The hands are held in the posture of removing fear and granting prayers. Subrahmaṇya, Śiva as Bhikṣāṭana, Hari-Hara, Ardhanārīśvara, Rāma and Sītā, Rājagopāla and Śrīnivāsa belong to this rājasa form.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Rajasa (रजस) refers to “dust”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should just precede that of Venus, the Mlecchas, cats, elephants, asses, buffaloes, black grains, hogs, Pulindas (barbarians), the Śūdras and travellers in the south will suffer by diseases of the eye and by windy disorders. If the course of Mars should just precede that of Venus, mankind will suffer from fire, from weapons, from hunger, from drought and from thieves; all the creatures and objects of the north will suffer and the sky will be filled with fire, lightning and dust [i.e., agni-vidyut-rajasā]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Rājasa (राजस) refers to “Rajasic” (i.e., “having the nature of rajas”), according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [These] four states of mind should be known by the wise: disintegrated, coming and going, integrated and absorbed. The disintegrated [mind] is said to be Tamasic, the coming and going [mind], Rajasic (rājasa), the integrated [mind], Sattvic and the absorbed [mind] is beyond [these] qualities. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Rajasa (रजस) occurs once in the Atharvaveda, apparently as the name of a kind of ‘fish’. Roth, however, understood it as an adjective meaning ‘impure’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājasa (राजस).—a S In whom or which is predominant the property rajōguṇa; passionate, lustful, cupidinous &c. See rajōguṇa & guṇa.

--- OR ---

rājasa (राजस).—a (Poetry. rājā & Like a king. Radzas. ) Delicate and handsome; softly elegant, graceful, beautiful. Ex. hē rājasa bāḷē || kitī karaśīla cāḷē ||; also paramasakumāra rājasī ||. (rājasī is a feminine form of rājasa.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rājasa (राजस).—a In whom or which is prominent the property of rajōguṇa. Delicate and handsome. Passionate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājasa (राजस).—a. (- f.) [रजसा निर्मितम् अण् (rajasā nirmitam aṇ)] Relating to or influenced by the quality rajas, endowed with the quality rajas or passion; ऊर्ध्वं गच्छन्ति सत्त्वस्था मध्ये तिष्ठन्ति राजसाः (ūrdhvaṃ gacchanti sattvasthā madhye tiṣṭhanti rājasāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 14.18;7.12;17.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasa (राजस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Relating to, or derived, &c. from the quality of Rajas or passion. f. (-sī) 1. The goddess Durga. 2. The state of being in this world or the next, in which the Raja Guna or quality of passion predominates: it is divided into three classes: the first class comprises the Gandharbas, Yakshas, Guhyakas, &c.; the second king and heroes, and the third, boxers, wrestlers, gamblers, tipplers, actors, &c. E. rajas the quality of passion, aṇ and ṅīp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasa (राजस).—i. e. rajas + a, I. adj., f. . 1. Belonging to the quality of passion, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 32. 2. Endowed with passion, 12, 40. Ii. f. , Durgā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajasa (रजस).—[adjective] obscure, dark.

--- OR ---

Rājasa (राजस).—[feminine] ī relating to passion (ph.); [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajasa (रजस):—[from raj] mfn. unclean, dusty, dark, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] living in the dark, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] ifc. (f(ī). ) the menstrual excretion (= rajas), [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

4) Rājasa (राजस):—mfn. belonging or relating to the quality rajas (q.v.), endowed with or influenced by the quality of passion, passionate (-tva n.), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) m. [plural] Name of a class of gods in the 5th Manv-antara, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasa (राजस):—[(saḥ-sī-saṃ) a.] Relating to passion or the state of those who are sensual. f. Durgā.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rājasa (राजस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rājasa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rājasa (राजस) [Also spelled rajas]:—(a) born of or appropriate to [rajoguṇa]; passionate; see [rājasī] (nm) arrogance; rage; excitement.

context information


Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Rājasa (राजस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rājasa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rājasa (ರಾಜಸ):—

1) [adjective] belonging or relating to the qualities as ignorance, passion, wickedness, selfishness, greediness, etc.

2) [adjective] endowed with or influenced by these or any of these qualities.

--- OR ---

Rājasa (ರಾಜಸ):—

1) [noun] any of the qualities as ignorance, wickedness, excessive selfishness; the third of three classes of fundamental qualities.

2) [noun] a man endowed with or influenced by these or any of these qualities.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of rajasa in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: