Pusta, Pushta: 11 definitions

Introduction

Pusta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pusta (पुस्त) refers to “model work” and represents one of the categories of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The perfection of Nepathya forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Pusta (model work) is of three different types:

  1. sandhima (the joined object),
  2. vyājima (the indicating object),
  3. ceṣṭima (moving object).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “hills, carriages, lofty palaces, shields, armours, banner-staffs and elephants which are constructed for use in a dramatic performance are called ‘model works’ (pusta)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Pusta (पुस्त) refers to a “scripture” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, pusta]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pusta.—(CII 4), painting. Note: pusta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

puṣṭa (पुष्ट).—a (S) Fat, plump, fleshy, full-fed. 2 p S Nourished, cherished, fed.

--- OR ---

pusta (पुस्त).—f (pṛṣṭha S through P) The back of a card, or esp. of a hand of cards. 2 m A generation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

puṣṭa (पुष्ट).—f Fat, plump. Nourished, fed.

--- OR ---

pusta (पुस्त).—f The back of a card. m A generation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṣṭa (पुष्ट).—p. p. [puṣ-kta]

1) Nourished, fed, reared, brought up.

2) Thriving, growing, strong, fat.

3) Tended, cared for.

4) Rich, magnificently provided.

5) Complete, perfect.

6) Full-sounding, loud; स्वरेण हृष्टपुष्टेन तुष्टाव मधुसूदनम् (svareṇa hṛṣṭapuṣṭena tuṣṭāva madhusūdanam) Mb.12.47.14.

7) Eminent.

-ṣṭaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

-ṣṭam 1 Nourishment.

2) Acquisition, gain (Ved.).

--- OR ---

Pusta (पुस्त).—

1) Plastering, painting, anointing.

2) Working in clay, modelling.

3) Anything made of clay, wood or metal.

4) A book, manuscript; also पुस्ता-स्ती (pustā-stī).

Derivable forms: pustam (पुस्तम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pusta (पुस्त).—(°-), according to Tibetan letter (of the alphabet); perhaps more generally (painted) figure (for decoration; in Sanskrit said to mean modelled figure): Lalitavistara 95.12 (prose) tāni (elephants, perhaps also other animals born at the same time with the Bodhisattva) sarvāṇi rājñā Śuddhodanena pusta-varopetāni (Tibetan sna graṅs yi ger bris te, which Foucaux 97 renders marqués d'un grand nombre de peintures diverses) kumārasya krīḍārthaṃ dattāny abhūvan; Fou- caux renders the Sanskrit marqués (à la trompe) de belles lettres peintes. (In Sanskrit manuscript, book, = the more usual pustaka.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṣṭa (पुष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Nourished, cherished, 2. Thriving, strong. 3. Rich, amply provided. 4. Complete, perfect. 5. Full-sounding. E. puṣ to cherish, aff. kta.

--- OR ---

Pusta (पुस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Filled. 2. Covered. n.

(-staṃ) 1. Smearing, anointing, painting, plastering, &c. 2. Any thing made of metal, wood or clay, &c. nf. (-staṃ-stī) A book, a manuscript. E. pusta to bind, ac aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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