Barhaspatya, Bārhaspatya: 13 definitions


Barhaspatya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य).—The Nītiśāstra of Brahmā. Bṛhaspati condensed and codified the laws of Ethics by Brahmā. This was compiled by Bṛhaspati. This book contains three thousand chapters. Mention is made about this Book in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 59, Stanza 84.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य).—A division of the night.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 44.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatya in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Bārhaṣpatya (बार्हष्पत्य) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—An Ācarya, who is known to be a follower of Bṛhaṣpati. In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara only once time quoted Bārhaṣpatya’s opinion. However, Rājaśekhara does not agree about his views and established five vidyās.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य) refers to “follower of Bṛhaṣpati”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.131:—“And [we] observe the [following] among philosophers: even if [something] exists [as] a real entity, they do not concern themselves with the aspect [of it] that is useless [and] speculative—for exemple, regarding such [imperceptible things] as the sense organs, [this is the case of philosophers] such as the author of the Ṣaḍdhātusamīkṣā, or of followers of Bṛhaspati (bārhaspatya). [...]”.

Note: The “followers of Bṛhaspati” (bārhaspatya) refers to some materialists (cārvāka) who embrace the ideas expressed in the sūtras traditionally ascribed to Bṛhaspati (on the known fragments of this work and the probability that it was written around the sixth century, see Namai 1976, Bhattacharya 2002 and Franco 2011, 634–636). According to Abhinavagupta, they understand the relationship between the apprehending subject and the apprehended object as the mere result of various combinations between four material elements. [...]

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatya in Hinduism glossary
Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य), “descendant of Bṛhaspati”, is the patronymic of the mythical Śaṃyu.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bārhaspatya.—(IA 11), name of a reckoning. Note: bārhaspatya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य).—n S (bṛhaspati The supposed author of this science.) Ethics or morals.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य).—a. [bṛhaspati-yak] Relating to Bṛhaspti.

-tyaḥ 1 A pupil of Bṛhaspati; Bhāgavata 11.23.2.

2) A follower of Bṛhaspati who taught the rankest form of materialism, a materialist.

3) An epithet of Agni.

4) An infidel, materialist.

-tyam 1 The constellation Puṣya.

2) Morality, ethics; the अर्थशास्त्र (arthaśāstra) of Bṛhaspati.

-tyāḥ Name of a school of the writers on the science of Government mentioned by Kauṭilya; Kau. A.1.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य).—mfn.

(-tyaḥ-tyā-tyaṃ) Relating to Brihaspati. m.

(-tyaḥ) 1. A pupil of him. 2. A materialist. n.

(-tyaṃ) The constellation Pushya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bārhaspatya (बार्हस्पत्य).—[adjective] = [preceding]

[Sanskrit to German]

Barhaspatya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Barhaspatya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bārhaspatya (ಬಾರ್ಹಸ್ಪತ್ಯ):—[noun] relating to, propounded by or descended from Břhaspati, the preacher of the gods.

--- OR ---

Bārhaspatya (ಬಾರ್ಹಸ್ಪತ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the Arthaśastra (a treatise on the political science and economics) by Břhaspati.

2) [noun] a follower of the system of Břhaspati.

3) [noun] a method of reckoning time, brought to practice by Břhaspati.

4) [noun] fire.

5) [noun] (astron.) the fourth brightest star in the constellation Cancer; Delta Cancer.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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