Pushyamitra, Puṣyamitra: 6 definitions


Pushyamitra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Puṣyamitra can be transliterated into English as Pusyamitra or Pushyamitra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pushyamitra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Puṣyamitra (पुष्यमित्र).—Commander-in-chief of Bṛhadratha, the Mauryan King; killed his own master and usurped the throne. He was a Śunga and his line was therefore called the Śungas. Father of Agnimitra;1 ruled for 36 years.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 15[1], 16. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 34.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 272. 27.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of pushyamitra or pusyamitra in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pushyamitra in Buddhism glossary
Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Pushyamitra Sunga (1472-1412 BCE).—Buddhism flourished in North India for 400 years after Buddha Nirvana from 1865 BCE to 1465 BCE. Pushyamitra Sunga was the commander-in-chief of the last Maurya King Brihadratha. Around 1472 BCE, Pushyamitra took over the reins of Magadha and founded the rule of Sunga dynasty. He was extremely hostile to Buddhism. Many Buddhists lost their Viharas and assets during the reign of Pushyamitra. Taranatha mentions that Pushyamitra asked his ministers to burn Buddhist monasteries from Madhyadesa to Jalandhara.

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Puṣyamitra (पुष्यमित्र) is an example of a name based on a Nakṣatra mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. These names show that the rule in the Gṛhyasūtras recommending the use of Nakṣatra names was obeyed. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Puṣyamitra) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Puṣyamitra is also mentioned as the name of a tribe in teh Gupta inscriptions. These tribes (e.g., the Puṣyamitras, latin: Pushyamitras) migrated to places other than their original settlemenets and gave their names to the janapadas they settled.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pushyamitra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puṣyamitra (पुष्यमित्र):—[=puṣya-mitra] [from puṣya > puṣ] m. Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] his dynasty, [ib.] (cf. puṣpa-m).

[Sanskrit to German]

Pushyamitra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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