Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 5.17.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ य॒ज्ञैर्दे॑व॒ मर्त्य॑ इ॒त्था तव्यां॑समू॒तये॑ । अ॒ग्निं कृ॒ते स्व॑ध्व॒रे पू॒रुरी॑ळी॒ताव॑से ॥
आ यज्ञैर्देव मर्त्य इत्था तव्यांसमूतये । अग्निं कृते स्वध्वरे पूरुरीळीतावसे ॥
ā yajñair deva martya itthā tavyāṃsam ūtaye | agniṃ kṛte svadhvare pūrur īḻītāvase ||

English translation:

“Divine Agni, a mortal thus with sacrifices (calls upon you) who are endowed with lustre for protection; Puru adores Agni for protection when the sacred rite is solemnized.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): pururātreyaḥ [pururātreya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): bhuriguṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ य॒ज्ञैः । दे॒व॒ । मर्त्यः॑ । इ॒त्था । तव्यां॑सम् । ऊ॒तये॑ । अ॒ग्निम् । कृ॒ते । सु॒ऽअ॒ध्व॒रे । पू॒रुः । ई॒ळी॒त॒ । अव॑से ॥
आ यज्ञैः । देव । मर्त्यः । इत्था । तव्यांसम् । ऊतये । अग्निम् । कृते । सुअध्वरे । पूरुः । ईळीत । अवसे ॥
ā yajñaiḥ | deva | martyaḥ | itthā | tavyāṃsam | ūtaye | agnim | kṛte | su-adhvare | pūruḥ | īḷīta | avase

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 5.17.1 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

yajñair < yajñaiḥ < yajña

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

martya < martyaḥ < martya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine




“thus; here.”

tavyāṃsam < tavyas

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“stronger; rich.”

ūtaye < ūti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“aid; favor; ūti [word].”

agniṃ < agnim < agni

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

kṛte < kṛ

[verb noun], locative, singular

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

svadhvare < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

svadhvare < adhvare < adhvara

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“yajña; ceremony; adhvara [word].”

pūrur < pūruḥ < pūru

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Pūru; Pūru.”

īᄆītāvase < īᄆīta < īḍ

[verb], singular, Present optative

“praise; invite; raise.”

īᄆītāvase < avase < av

[verb noun]

“support; help; prefer; prefer; like.”

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