Paurava: 16 definitions
Paurava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Paurava (पौरव) is the name of an ancient king of Lāvāṇaka, whose daughter, Sulocanā, was captivated by love at the sight of Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Paurava, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Paurava (पौरव).—An ancient Rājarṣi. He became Parvatarāja when he grew up after being born of the species of the daitya, Śarabha. Once Arjuna defeated this king. The Pāṇḍavas invited him for the Mahābhārata battle. But he did not accept it but joined sides with the Kauravas against the Pāṇḍavas. Paurava was considered a prominent commander in the Kaurava army. In the Kurukṣetra battle he at first fought against Dhṛṣṭaketu and then was wounded when he fought against Abhimanyu. It was Arjuna who killed him in the end. (Chapter 67, Ādi Parva; Chapter 27, Sabhā Parva; Chapters 4, 128, Udyoga Parva; Chapter 116, Bhīṣma Parva; Chapter 14, Droṇa Parva; Chapter 5, Karṇa Parva).
2) Paurava (पौरव).—Those born in the Puru line of kings are as a class called Pauravas. Both Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas have been mentioned as Pauravas in the Purāṇas. (Chapter 172, Ādi Parva).
3) Paurava (पौरव).—An ancient king of the kingdom of Aṅga. This Paurava was also one among the kings who gave money to king Sṛñjaya when he conducted an Aśvamedha (Chapter 57, Droṇa Parva).
4) Paurava (पौरव).—One of the Brahmavādī sons of Viśvāmitra. (Śloka 55, Chapter 4, Anuśāsana Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Paurava (पौरव).—A Rājaṛṣi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 32. 39.
Paurava (पौरव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.28) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Paurava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
1) Paurava (पौरव) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Paurava] [...]”.
2) Paurava (पौरव) also refers to a country belonging to “Aiśānī (north-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Paurava (पौरव): A Kaurava hero.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Paurava (पौरव).—a. (-vī f.) [पुरोर्गोत्रापत्यम् अण् (purorgotrāpatyam aṇ)] Descended from Puru; पौरवेणाथ वयसा राजा यौवनमास्थितः (pauraveṇātha vayasā rājā yauvanamāsthitaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.75.46.
-vaḥ 1 A descendant of Puru; Ś.5.
2) Name of a country or people in the north of India.
2) An inhabitant or ruler of that country.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) Of the race of Puru, descended from Puru. E. puru, and aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paurava (पौरव).—i. e. puru + a, patronym., f. vī. 1. Descended from Puru, Mahābhārata 1, 3180. 2. m. pl. The race of Puru, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 49. 3. m. pl. The name of a people.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paurava (पौरव).—[feminine] ī descended from or belonging to Pūru; [masculine] a descendant of [Passive], [plural] his race, [Name] of a people.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Paurava (पौरव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] pūru) belonging to or descended from Pūru, [Mahābhārata] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 168], [vArttika] 3, [Patañjali])
2) m. a descendant of P°, [ib.] etc.
3) m. [plural] the race of P°, [Śakuntalā; Purāṇa]
4) m. Name of a people in the north or north-east of India, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira] ([varia lectio] paulava)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paurava (पौरव):—[(vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) a.] Of Puru race.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Paurava (पौरव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Paurava.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+24): Pauraviya, Paulava, Pauravaka, Pauravatantava, Porava, Mahapaurava, Dushkanta, Anukhanja, Apaurava, Bahuratha, Pauravi, Pauraba, Adhisamakrishna, Parashava, Ugrayudha, Shaunaka, Shodasharajaka, Marutta, Porus, Candravamsha.
Search found 18 books and stories containing Paurava; (plurals include: Pauravas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Part 2.2b - The Paurava Dynasty < [Chapter 3 - Historical aspects in the Matsyapurāṇa]
Part 2.2 - Dynasties of Post-Mahābhārata war (Introduction) < [Chapter 3 - Historical aspects in the Matsyapurāṇa]
Part 2.1m - The Paurava Dynasty < [Chapter 3 - Historical aspects in the Matsyapurāṇa]
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XIV < [Dronabhisheka Parva]
Section LVII < [Abhimanyu-badha Parva]
Section CXVII < [Bhagavat-Gita Parva]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Burden of Life < [April 1949]
Alexander's Conspiracy < [December 1937]
Amba and Draupadi < [August 1947]