Paurava: 15 definitions



Paurava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Paurava in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Paurava (पौरव) is the name of an ancient king of Lāvāṇaka, whose daughter, Sulocanā, was captivated by love at the sight of Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Paurava, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Paurava (पौरव).—An ancient Rājarṣi. He became Parvatarāja when he grew up after being born of the species of the daitya, Śarabha. Once Arjuna defeated this king. The Pāṇḍavas invited him for the Mahābhārata battle. But he did not accept it but joined sides with the Kauravas against the Pāṇḍavas. Paurava was considered a prominent commander in the Kaurava army. In the Kurukṣetra battle he at first fought against Dhṛṣṭaketu and then was wounded when he fought against Abhimanyu. It was Arjuna who killed him in the end. (Chapter 67, Ādi Parva; Chapter 27, Sabhā Parva; Chapters 4, 128, Udyoga Parva; Chapter 116, Bhīṣma Parva; Chapter 14, Droṇa Parva; Chapter 5, Karṇa Parva).

2) Paurava (पौरव).—Those born in the Puru line of kings are as a class called Pauravas. Both Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas have been mentioned as Pauravas in the Purāṇas. (Chapter 172, Ādi Parva).

3) Paurava (पौरव).—An ancient king of the kingdom of Aṅga. This Paurava was also one among the kings who gave money to king Sṛñjaya when he conducted an Aśvamedha (Chapter 57, Droṇa Parva).

4) Paurava (पौरव).—One of the Brahmavādī sons of Viśvāmitra. (Śloka 55, Chapter 4, Anuśāsana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Paurava (पौरव).—A Rājaṛṣi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 32. 39.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Paurava (पौरव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.28) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Paurava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Paurava (पौरव): A Kaurava hero.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paurava (पौरव).—a. (- f.) [पुरोर्गोत्रापत्यम् अण् (purorgotrāpatyam aṇ)] Descended from Puru; पौरवेणाथ वयसा राजा यौवनमास्थितः (pauraveṇātha vayasā rājā yauvanamāsthitaḥ) Mb.1.75.46.

-vaḥ 1 A descendant of Puru; Ś.5.

2) Name of a country or people in the north of India.

2) An inhabitant or ruler of that country.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paurava (पौरव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) Of the race of Puru, descended from Puru. E. puru, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paurava (पौरव).—i. e. puru + a, patronym., f. . 1. Descended from Puru, Mahābhārata 1, 3180. 2. m. pl. The race of Puru, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 49. 3. m. pl. The name of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paurava (पौरव).—[feminine] ī descended from or belonging to Pūru; [masculine] a descendant of [Passive], [plural] his race, [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paurava (पौरव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] pūru) belonging to or descended from Pūru, [Mahābhārata] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 168], [vArttika] 3, [Patañjali])

2) m. a descendant of P°, [ib.] etc.

3) m. [plural] the race of P°, [Śakuntalā; Purāṇa]

4) m. Name of a people in the north or north-east of India, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira] ([varia lectio] paulava)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paurava (पौरव):—[(vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) a.] Of Puru race.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paurava (पौरव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paurava, Porava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paurava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Paurava (पौरव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Paurava.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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