Prishtha, aka: Pṛṣṭha; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prishtha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Prstha or Prishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Prishtha in Mahayana glossaries]

Pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ, “spine”) refers to the “back part”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays (raśmi) when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his spine (pṛṣṭha).

After emission, the rays (raśmi) might return to the pṛṣṭha (“back part”), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). According to the Avadānaśataka and Divyāvadāna, it is a custom that, at the moment when the Buddha Bhagavats show their smile, blue, yellow, red and white rays flash out of the Bhagavat’s mouth, some of which go up and some of which go down. Those that go down penetrate into the hells (naraka); those that go up penetrate to the gods from the Cāturmahārājikas up to the Akaniṣṭas. Having travelled through the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu, the rays return to the Bhagavat from behind. According as to whether the Buddha wishes to show such-and-such a thing, the rays return to him by a different part of the body.

If the rays disappear in the back (pṛṣṭha) of the Buddha, it is because he wants to reveal past actions (atītaṃ karma).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of prishtha or prstha in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Prishtha in Marathi glossaries]

pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ).—n (S) The back. 2 The rear; the last; the back or hinder part. 3 A page of a book.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ).—n The back. The rear. A page of a book.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Prishtha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pṛṣṭha (पृष्ठ).—[pṛṣ spṛś-vā thak ni°; Uṇ.2.12]

1) The back, hinder part, rear; धर्मः स्तनोऽधर्मपथोऽस्य पृष्ठः (dharmaḥ stano'dharmapatho'sya pṛṣṭhaḥ) Bhāg.2.1. 32.

2) The back of an animal; अश्वपृष्ठमारूढः (aśvapṛṣṭhamārūḍhaḥ) &c.

3) The surface or upper side; मरुपृष्ठान्युदम्भांसि (marupṛṣṭhānyudambhāṃsi) (cakāra) R.4.31;12.67; आसन्नभूपृष्ठमियाय देवः (āsannabhūpṛṣṭhamiyāya devaḥ) Ku.7.51; so अवनिपृष्ठचारिणीम् (avanipṛṣṭhacāriṇīm) U.3.

4) The back or the other side (of a letter, document &c.); लेख्यस्य पृष्ठेऽभिलिखेद्दत्त्वा दत्त्वर्णिको धनम् (lekhyasya pṛṣṭhe'bhilikheddattvā dattvarṇiko dhanam) Y.2.93.

5) The flat roof of a house.

6) The page of a book. (pṛṣṭhena, pṛṣṭhe 'behind, from behind').

7) Remainder (śeṣa); 'पृष्ठं चरममात्रे स्यात् (pṛṣṭhaṃ caramamātre syāt)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ); एष भारतयुद्धस्य पृष्ठं संशयमिष्यति (eṣa bhāratayuddhasya pṛṣṭhaṃ saṃśayamiṣyati) Mb.5.167.11.

Derivable forms: pṛṣṭham (पृष्ठम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of prishtha or prstha in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 75 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Malaprishtha
Malapṛṣṭha (मलपृष्ठ).—the first (or outer) page of a book. Derivable forms: malapṛṣṭham (मलपृष...
Prishthaphala
Prṣṭhaphala (प्र्ष्ठफल).—Surface area. Note: Prṣṭha-phala is a Sanskrit technical term used in ...
Ghritaprishtha
Ghṛtapṛṣṭha (घृतपृष्ठ).—A son of Priyavrata, brother of Uttānapāda. Svāyambhuvamanu had two fam...
Prishthavamsha
Pṛṣṭhavaṃśa (पृष्ठवंश).—the back-bone. Derivable forms: pṛṣṭhavaṃśaḥ (पृष्ठवंशः).Pṛṣṭhavaṃśa is...
Kandaprishtha
Kāṇḍapṛṣṭha (काण्डपृष्ठ).—1) one of the military profession, a soldier; cf. काण्डस्पृष्टः (kāṇḍ...
Triprishtha
Tripṛṣṭha (त्रिपृष्ठ).—the highest heaven; Bhāg.1.19.23. (ṣṭhaḥ) Viṣṇu. Derivable forms: tripṛṣ...
Nakaprishtha
Nākapṛṣṭha (नाकपृष्ठ).—1) the uppermost heaven. 2) the vault of heaven. Derivable forms: nākapṛ...
Karaprishtha
Karapṛṣṭha (करपृष्ठ).—the back of the hand. Derivable forms: karapṛṣṭham (करपृष्ठम्).Karapṛṣṭha...
Prishthaga
Pṛṣṭhaga (पृष्ठग).—a. mounted, riding on. Pṛṣṭhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Lohaprishtha
Lohapṛṣṭha (लोहपृष्ठ).—Also Loha (s.v.) the sixth hell, known also as tama; below the ear...
Prishthagamin
Pṛṣṭhagāmin (पृष्ठगामिन्).—a. going behind, following; युद्धकालेऽग्रगो यः स्यात् सदा पृष्ठानुगः...
Prishthakshepa
Pṛṣṭhākṣepa (पृष्ठाक्षेप).—acute and violent pain in the back. Derivable forms: pṛṣṭhākṣepaḥ (प...
Mahaprishtha
Mahāpṛṣṭha (महापृष्ठ).—a camel. Derivable forms: mahāpṛṣṭhaḥ (महापृष्ठः).Mahāpṛṣṭha is a Sanskr...
Prishthashthila
Pṛṣṭhāṣṭhīla (पृष्ठाष्ठील).—the back of a tortoise; B. R. Derivable forms: pṛṣṭhāṣṭhīlaḥ (पृष्ठ...
Prishthashringin
Pṛṣṭhaśṛṅgin (पृष्ठशृङ्गिन्).—m. 1) a ram. 2) a buffalo. 3) a eunuch. 4) an epithet of Bhīma.Pṛ...

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