Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.26.24

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वां हि सु॒प्सर॑स्तमं नृ॒षद॑नेषु हू॒महे॑ । ग्रावा॑णं॒ नाश्व॑पृष्ठं मं॒हना॑ ॥
त्वां हि सुप्सरस्तमं नृषदनेषु हूमहे । ग्रावाणं नाश्वपृष्ठं मंहना ॥
tvāṃ hi supsarastamaṃ nṛṣadaneṣu hūmahe | grāvāṇaṃ nāśvapṛṣṭham maṃhanā ||

English translation:

“We invoke you who are of graceful form, extending through your magnitude your limbs in all directions,to our religious rites, like the stone (for bruising the Soma).”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

All directions: aśvapṛṣṭham = borne on a horse'sback;

Aśva = vyāpta;

Pṛṣṭha = sarvāṅga

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvo vyaśvo vāṅgirasaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva vyaśva vāṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): vāyu:;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛduṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वाम् । हि । सु॒प्सरः॑ऽतमम् । नृ॒ऽसद॑नेषु । हू॒महे॑ । ग्रावा॑णम् । न । अश्व॑ऽपृष्ठम् । मं॒हना॑ ॥
त्वाम् । हि । सुप्सरःतमम् । नृसदनेषु । हूमहे । ग्रावाणम् । न । अश्वपृष्ठम् । मंहना ॥
tvām | hi | supsaraḥ-tamam | nṛ-sadaneṣu | hūmahe | grāvāṇam | na | aśva-pṛṣṭham | maṃhanā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.26.24 English analysis of grammar]

tvāṃ < tvām < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular

“you.”

hi

[adverb]

“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

supsarastamaṃ < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

supsarastamaṃ < psarastamam < psarastama

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

nṛṣadaneṣu < nṛṣadana

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

hūmahe < hvā

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

grāvāṇaṃ < grāvāṇam < grāvan

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“stone; millstone; grindstone; mountain.”

nāśvapṛṣṭham < na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

nāśvapṛṣṭham < aśva

[noun], masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

nāśvapṛṣṭham < pṛṣṭham < pṛṣṭha

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“back; top; top; surface; shell; peak; Pṛṣṭha; flat roof; pṛṣṭha [word]; back; roof.”

maṃhanā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

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