Prasara: 23 definitions


Prasara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prasar.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Prasara (प्रसर) is another name for Elavālu, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Prunus cerasus Linn. (sour cherry) from the Rosaceae or “rose” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.124-126 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Prasara and Elavālu, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Prasara (प्रसर, “dissemination”):—The third of the six stages of Saṃprāpti (‘pathogenesis’).—It is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Saṃprāpti is an important clue for medical diagnosis (nidāna).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Prasara (प्रसर):—Spreading of the aggravated Dosas from their own seats. Third stage of Kriyakala.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Jvaranirnaya: a rare monograph on diagnosis of fevers from the pre-colonial era

Prasāra (प्रसार) refers to the “stage of spread (of fever)”, according to the Jvaranirṇaya: an Ayurvedic manuscript dealing exclusively with types of jvara (fevers) written by Sri Nārāyaṇa Paṇḍita in the 16th century CE.—The causes for endogenous fevers (nija-jvara) are explained in different stages like: [e.g., stage of spread (prasāra)] [...] It is mentioned that in the stage of Caya, there is dislike towards similar attributes (guṇa) and liking/affinity towards dissimilar guṇa. This feature is exhibited in mild (hīna) form, in the stage of Prakopa it is in moderate (madhyama) form and in the stage of Prasāra it is in severe (vṛddha) form.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Prasara (प्रसर) refers to “expansion” (of the letters), according to the Tantrāloka:—Accordingly, “[...] If the nectar of emission (visargāmṛta) is thus emitted into the fire called (individual) consciousness (bodha), the entire cosmic order is offered as oblation. For the emission of the Lord of the Absolute (anuttaranātha) is the Mistress of Kula (kulanāyikā) and its arousal (kṣobha) is the (letters of the Sanskrit alphabet) ranging from Ka to Ha whose expansion (prasara) is the sequence (paddhati) of metaphysical principles (ranging from Earth to Śakti). [...]”.

2) Prasara (प्रसर) refers to the “expansion (of emanation)”, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 4.24-27.—Accordingly, “Next I will explain something else, namely, Śākta, Śāmbhava and Āṇava. O mistress of the god of the gods, (I will explain) the characteristic feature (of each) which, O beloved, is the great dawning of knowledge. The group of five energies is considered to be will, knowledge, action, supreme Kuṇḍalinī and Mātṛkā, which is the fifth. (The characterizing feature) of the will is (that from it) originates the expansion (of emanation) [i.e., prasara-udbhūta]. Knowledge is the perception (of it) there. (The energy of) action (functions) in what should be done and what should not. Kuṇḍalinī is the awakening of the Self. Mātṛkā measures out (mīyate) the universe. The characteristic feature of power is (thus) fivefold”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Prasara (प्रसर) refers to the “flow” (of the in-breath and out-breath), according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.14]—“[...] For when [praṇava] is present, life becomes fully established The life [of living beings], which is the flow of the in-breath and out-breath, etc. (prāṇāpāna-ādi-prasara), is Ātman. Otherwise, that life would be unestablished, like the wind that drives a bellows. [Praṇava] grasps everything with its constituent parts. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: INSA Digital Repository: Determination of Ascensional Difference in the Lagnaprakarana

Prasāra (प्रसार) refers to the “motion (of the clock)”, according to verse 24 of the Lagnaprakaraṇa (lit. “treatise for the computation of the ascendant), an astronomical work in eight chapters dealing with the determination of the ascendant (udayalagna or orient ecliptic point).—Accordingly, “At sunrise, the ascensional difference is positive or negative depending on [the Sun’s position with regard to] Libra or Aries. While setting, it is otherwise. That should not be applied during midst of the day and night. And in case of third, fifth etc. portions [of the day, the cara] should be calculated [afresh] successively. The rule of proportion for this will not be applicable in [setting] the motion of the clock (ghaṭī-prasāra)”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Prasara (प्रसर) refers to the “spreading” (of ignorance and passion), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Certainly, for embodied souls whose selves are blinded by the irresistible spreading (durvāra-prasara) of ignorance and passion, pains are to be endured for a very long time in hell, etc.”.

Synonyms: Jāta, Samūha, Saṃbhāra, Pracaya, Jāla, Paṭala.

2) Prasara (प्रसर) refers to a “great quantity (of ignorance)”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Those who know the self certainly destroy mental darkness, which is produced by the great quantity of ignorance (avidyā-prasara-udbhūta) [and] is a barrier to reality, with the sunbeams of knowledge. One who is restrained who is intent on stopping the influx of karma fearlessly drives away the discharge of the poison of non-restraint with the nectar waters of true restraint”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Prasara in India is the name of a plant defined with Paederia foetida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gentiana scandens Lour. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Publications of the Field Columbian Museum, Botanical Series (1931)
· Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.
· J. Pl. Res. (2006)
· Fl. Cochinch. (1790)
· Opera Botanica Belgica (1991)
· Bulletin of the Tokyo Science Museum (1948)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Prasara, for example extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prasara (प्रसर).—m (S) Spreading or extending: also scattering, diffusion, dispersion.

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prasāra (प्रसार).—m (S) Spreading or extending; diffusing or dispersing: also spread, extended, or diffused state.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prasara (प्रसर).—m Spreading. Scattering, diffusion.

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prasāra (प्रसार).—m Spreading; diffusing. Spread.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prasara (प्रसर).—1 Going forward, advancing; सहसा विनयेन वारितप्रसरः (sahasā vinayena vāritaprasaraḥ) Ś.1.28.

2) Free or unimpeded motion, free scope; access or course; प्रतिषिद्धप्रसरेषु जाग्रतौ (pratiṣiddhaprasareṣu jāgratau) R.8.23;16. 2; लब्धप्रसरा (labdhaprasarā) Mu.3.5; H.1.186.

3) Spreading, diffusion, extension, expansion, dilation; दयितावलोकविकसन्- नयनप्रसरप्रणुन्नमिव वारिरुहम् (dayitāvalokavikasan- nayanaprasarapraṇunnamiva vāriruham) Śiśupālavadha 9.71.

4) Extent, dimension, great quantity; त्वष्टुः सदाभ्यासगृहीतशिल्पविज्ञानसंपत्प्रसरस्य सीमा (tvaṣṭuḥ sadābhyāsagṛhītaśilpavijñānasaṃpatprasarasya sīmā) Śiśupālavadha 3.35.

5) Prevalence, influence; समस्तापः कामं मनसिज- निदाघप्रसरयोः (samastāpaḥ kāmaṃ manasija- nidāghaprasarayoḥ) Ś.3.8.

6) A stream, flow, torrent, flood; पपात स्वेदाम्बुप्रसर इव हर्षाश्रुनिकरः (papāta svedāmbuprasara iva harṣāśrunikaraḥ) Gītagovinda 11; स्नेहप्रसरसम्प्लुतः (snehaprasarasamplutaḥ) Bhāgavata 3.2.5.

7) A group, multitude.

8) War, battle.

9) An iron arrow.

1) Speed.

11) Affectionate solicitation.

12) (In medicine) Morbid displacement of the humours of the body.

13) Destruction, ruin.

14) Opportunity, room (avakāśa); यो हि विक्लवया बुद्ध्या प्रसरं शत्रवे दिशेत् (yo hi viklavayā buddhyā prasaraṃ śatrave diśet) Rām.7.68.19.

15) Range (of the eye).

-ram (In music) A kind of dance.

Derivable forms: prasaraḥ (प्रसरः).

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Prasāra (प्रसार).—

1) Spreading, extending.

2) Spread, diffusion, extension, expansion.

3) Stretching out.

4) Spreading over the country to forage.

5) Opening (the mouth).

6) A trader's shop; Nalachampū.

7) Raising (dust); B. R.

Derivable forms: prasāraḥ (प्रसारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasara (प्रसर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Who or what proceeds projects, &c. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Spreading, extending. 2. Space, room. 3. Occasion, opportunity. 4. affectionate solicitation. 5. Speed, velocity. 6. Battle, war. 7. Multitude, assemblage. 8. An iron arrow. 9. A projection, a process. 10. Free course, unimpeded motion. 11. Diffusion. 12. A flow, a stream, a torrent, a flood. E. pra before, sṛ to go, aff. ap or ac .

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Prasāra (प्रसार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Going about, spreading, extending. 2. Going to forage, spreading over the country for grass and fuel. E. pra afar, sṛ to go, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasara (प्रसर).—i. e. pra-sṛ + a, I. adj. Who or what proceeds. Ii. m. 1. Going forward, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 28. 2. Spreading. 3. A multitude. 4. Battle. 5. An iron arrow. 6. Space, room, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 185, M. M.; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 93. 7. Occasion. 8. Affectionate solicitation.

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Prasāra (प्रसार).—i. e. pra-sṛ + a, m. 1. Going about, spreading. 2. Going to forage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasara (प्रसर).—[masculine] coming forth, rising, appearing, spreading, free course, bold behaviour; flood, stream, multitude.

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Prasāra (प्रसार).—[masculine] stretching, spreading, rising.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prasara (प्रसर):—[=pra-sara] a pra-saraṇa See pra- √sṛ.

2) Prasāra (प्रसार):—[=pra-sāra] a etc. See pra- √sṛ.

3) Prasara (प्रसर):—[=pra-sara] [from pra-sṛ] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) going forwards, advance, progress, free course, coming forth, rising, appearing, spreading, extension, diffusion, [Kālidāsa; Kādambarī; Śaṃkarācārya] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] range (of the eye), [Amaru-śataka]

5) [v.s. ...] prevalence, influence, [Śakuntalā]

6) [v.s. ...] boldness, courage, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

7) [v.s. ...] a stream, torrent, flood, [Gīta-govinda; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] (in med.) morbid displacement of the humours of the body, [Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] multitude, great quantity, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

10) [v.s. ...] a fight, war, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] an iron arrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] speed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] affectionate solicitation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Prasarā (प्रसरा):—[=pra-sarā] [from pra-sara > pra-sṛ] f. Paederia Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Prasara (प्रसर):—[=pra-sara] [from pra-sṛ] n. (in music) a kind of dance, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

16) Prasāra (प्रसार):—[=pra-sāra] [from pra-sara > pra-sṛ] b m. spreading or stretching out, extension, [Suśruta; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

17) [v.s. ...] a trader’s shop, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

18) [v.s. ...] opening (the mouth), [Vopadeva]

19) [v.s. ...] raising (dust), [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

20) [v.s. ...] = [preceding] [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prasara (प्रसर):—[pra-sara] (raḥ) 1. m. Spreading; space; occasion; affectionate solicitation; speed; war; multitude; iron arrow; process. a. Spreading.

2) Prasāra (प्रसार):—[pra-sāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Going to forage.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prasara (प्रसर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pasara, Pasāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prasara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prasara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prasāra (प्रसार) [Also spelled prasar]:—(nm) expansion, dispersion; scattering, extensity; spread; propagation; circulation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prasara (ಪ್ರಸರ):—

1) [noun] an extending or being extended (over a wide area); a diffusing, disseminating or being diffused or disseminated.

2) [noun] the large area, extent over which something is extented, spread, broadcast, etc.

3) [noun] the rate (esp. high rate) or force of movement or action.

4) [noun] a current or flow of water or other liquid; a stream.

5) [noun] a moving forward or onward; progress; advance.

6) [noun] the quality, fact or state of being or having excess; excessiveness.

7) [noun] the power of a person or thing that affects, modifies or changes another or others; influence.

8) [noun] a group of persons, things or animals, gathered at a place; a multitude.

9) [noun] fond or tender feeling; affection; love.

10) [noun] open armed fight between two armies, faction, etc.; a war.

11) [noun] an iron arrow.

12) [noun] complete destruction.

13) [noun] an opportunity; a favourable circumstance.

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Prasāra (ಪ್ರಸಾರ):—

1) [noun] a diffusing or being diffused; a scattering or being scattered over a wide area; diffusion; dissemination.

2) [noun] a transmitting (as to a large audience, viewers) by radio or television.

3) [noun] a room, booth where goods are sold.

4) [noun] (mus.) a making gestures while singing (considered as one of the defects).

5) [noun] ಪ್ರಸಾರ ಮಾಡು [prasara madu] prasāra māḍu to scatter far and wide; to spread abroad, as if in sowing; to promulgate widely; to dissiminate; 2. to spread (information, gossip, etc.) widely; 3. to transmit, as to a large audience, by radio or television; to broadcast or telecast.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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