Prasarana, Prasāraṇa: 10 definitions

Introduction

Prasarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the hasta-prāṇa, or ‘Twelve Lives of the Hands’: Prasāraṇa (outspread): extending the fingers.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prasāraṇa (प्रसारण).—A term used by ancient grammarians for संप्रसारण (saṃprasāraṇa), i.e, the substitution of a corresponding vowel for a semivowel; e.g. इ (i) for य्, उ (y, u) for व्, ऋ (v, ) for र् (r) and लृ (lṛ) for ल्ः (lḥ) cf. रकि ज्यः प्रसारणम् (raki jyaḥ prasāraṇam) P.I.1.4. Vart. 6.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prasarana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Prasāraṇa (प्रसारण) refers to one of the five kinds of Karma (action) in the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika philosophy. According to Kaṇāda, karma (action) is of five kinds. According to Praśastapāda (Praśastapādabhāṣya), through which action, this conjunction becomes opposite conjunction and this disjunction becomes opposite disjunction and the avayavi becomes straight, that is known as prasāraṇa. According to Varadarāja (Tārkikarakṣā), the non-inherent cause of the conjunction with the space distant from the body (śarīra-viprakṛṣṭa) is called prasāraṇa. According to Annaṃbhaṭṭa (Tarkasaṃgraha), prasāraṇa is that action which causes the connection with the space farthest from the body.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prasarana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prasaraṇa (प्रसरण).—n S Spreading abroad, diffusing, dispersing. 2 In medicine. Relaxation.

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prasāraṇa (प्रसारण).—n S Spreading abroad, diffusing, dispersing. 2 Ejection or casting out (of devils in possession).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prasaraṇa (प्रसरण).—n Spreading abroad, diffusing. Relaxation.

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prasāraṇa (प्रसारण).—n Diffusing. Ejection (of devils in possession).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prasarana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prasaraṇa (प्रसरण).—

1) Going forth, running or streaming forth.

2) Escaping, running away.

3) Spreading forth or abroad.

4) Surrounding an enemy.

5) Amiability.

6) Morbid displacement of the humours of the body.

Derivable forms: prasaraṇam (प्रसरणम्).

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Prasāraṇa (प्रसारण).—

1) Spreading abroad, extending, increase, diffusing, expanding.

2) Stretching out; as in बाहु- प्रसारणम् (bāhu- prasāraṇam).

3) Surrounding an enemy.

4) Spreading over the country for fuel and grass.

5) The change of a semivowel (y r and v) into a vowel; see संप्रसारण (saṃprasāraṇa).

6) Displaying, unfolding.

Derivable forms: prasāraṇam (प्रसारणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasaraṇa (प्रसरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Going forth or round. 2. Surrounding an enemy. 3. Spreading over the country to forage. 4. Amiability. E. pra before, sṛ to go, aff. lyuṭ; also prasaraṇī and prasaraṇi .

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Prasāraṇa (प्रसारण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Going about, spreading. 2. Expanding, extending. 3. Unfolding. 4. Surrounding an enemy. 5. The dispersion of an army by detachments for that purpose, or for collecting forage. 6. The change of a semi-vowel into a vowel, (in Gram.) f. (-ṇī) A plant, (Pœderia fœtida.) E. pra before, sṛ to go, aff. ṇic lyuṭ; also prasaraṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasaraṇa (प्रसरण).—i. e. pra-sṛ + ana, n., and f. ṇī and ṇi. 1. Going forth. 2. Spreading over the country to forage.

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Prasāraṇa (प्रसारण).—i. e. pra-sṛ, [Causal.], + ana, I. n. Extending, Bhā- ṣāp. 5. Ii. f. ṇī. 1. Surrounding an enemy. 2. The dispersion of an army for collecting forage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prasaraṇa (प्रसरण):—[=pra-saraṇa] [from pra-sara > pra-sṛ] n. going forth, running away, escaping, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

2) [v.s. ...] (in med.) = sara, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] holding good, prevailing, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] complaisance, amiability, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] spreading over the country to forage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] = next, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Prasāraṇa (प्रसारण):—[=pra-sāraṇa] [from pra-sara > pra-sṛ] n. ([from] [Causal]) stretching or spreading out, extending, diffusing, displaying, developing, [Brāhmaṇa; Bhāṣāpariccheda; Suśruta]

8) [v.s. ...] augmentation, increase, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

9) [v.s. ...] changing a semivowel into a vowel, [Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. sam-pras)

10) [v.s. ...] = saraṇi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] spreading over the country for collecting forage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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