Pranidhana, aka: Praṇidhāna; 4 Definition(s)


Pranidhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान) refers to “buddhist vow” according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. During innumerable kalpas of this kind (asaṃkhyeyakalpa), the Bodhisattva has formed the great vow to save all beings. This is what is called the vow of the Great Mind. In order to save all beings, the fetters (saṃyojana) must be cut through and supreme perfect enlightenment (anuttara-samyak-saṃbodhi) must be realized. This is what is called vow (praṇidhāna).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1) Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान, “aspiration”) or Praṇidhānavaśitā refers to the “mastery of aspiration” and represents one of the “ten masteries of the Bodhisattvas” (vaśitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 74). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., praṇidhāna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान) or Tripraṇidhāna refers to the “three kinds of aspirations” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 112):

  1. susthāna-prābandhika (bound to the beautiful),
  2. sattvārtha-prābandhika (bound to the welfare of beings),
  3. buddhakṣetra-pariśodhaka (purifying the Buddha-field).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान).—

1) Applying, employing, application, use.

2) Great effort, energy.

3) Profound religious meditation, abstract contemplation; सोऽपश्यत् प्रणिधानेन संततेः स्तम्भकारणम् (so'paśyat praṇidhānena saṃtateḥ stambhakāraṇam) R.1.74;8.19; V.2; तपःस्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणि- धानानि क्रियायोगः (tapaḥsvādhyāyeśvarapraṇi- dhānāni kriyāyogaḥ) Pātañjala S; ईश्वरप्रणिधानाद्वा (īśvarapraṇidhānādvā) Pātañjala S. 23.

4) Respectful behaviour towards (with loc.); जानामि प्रणिधानं ते बाल्यात् प्रभृति नन्दिनि । ब्राह्मणेष्विह सर्वेषु गुरुबन्धुषु चैव ह (jānāmi praṇidhānaṃ te bālyāt prabhṛti nandini | brāhmaṇeṣviha sarveṣu gurubandhuṣu caiva ha) || Mb.3.33.19.

5) Renunciation of the fruit of actions (karmaphalatyāga).

6) Entrance, access.

7) (With Buddhists) A prayer, an entreaty.

Derivable forms: praṇidhānam (प्रणिधानम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 16 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Praṇidhānavaśitā (प्रणिधानवशिता) or simply Praṇidhāna refers to the “mastery of aspiration” and...
Tripraṇidhāna (त्रिप्रणिधान) or simply Praṇidhāna refers to the “three kinds of aspirations” as...
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Vaśitā (वशिता) or Daśavaśitā refers to the “ten masteries of the Bodhisattvas” as defined in th...
Paṇidhāna, (nt.) (fr. paṇidahati; cp. philosophical literature & BSk. praṇidhāna) aspiration, ...
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Apramāṇabuddhakṣetra (अप्रमाणबुद्धक्षेत्र) refers to “countless buddha-fields” according to the...
Susthānaprābandhika (सुस्थानप्राबन्धिक) refers to “bound to the beautiful” and represents one o...
Three Kinds of Aspiration
Three Kinds of Aspiration:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskrit...
Sattvārthaprābandhika (सत्त्वार्थप्राबन्धिक) refers to “bound to the welfare of beings” and rep...
Three Aspirations
Three Aspirations:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskrit praṇidh...
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