Pranidhana, aka: Praṇidhāna; 4 Definition(s)


Pranidhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान) refers to “buddhist vow” according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. During innumerable kalpas of this kind (asaṃkhyeyakalpa), the Bodhisattva has formed the great vow to save all beings. This is what is called the vow of the Great Mind. In order to save all beings, the fetters (saṃyojana) must be cut through and supreme perfect enlightenment (anuttara-samyak-saṃbodhi) must be realized. This is what is called vow (praṇidhāna).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1) Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान, “aspiration”) or Praṇidhānavaśitā refers to the “mastery of aspiration” and represents one of the “ten masteries of the Bodhisattvas” (vaśitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 74). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., praṇidhāna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान) or Tripraṇidhāna refers to the “three kinds of aspirations” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 112):

  1. susthāna-prābandhika (bound to the beautiful),
  2. sattvārtha-prābandhika (bound to the welfare of beings),
  3. buddhakṣetra-pariśodhaka (purifying the Buddha-field).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान).—n S Fixing or settling (the mind) at or in; i. e. contemplation or meditation.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇidhāna (प्रणिधान).—

1) Applying, employing, application, use.

2) Great effort, energy.

3) Profound religious meditation, abstract contemplation; सोऽपश्यत् प्रणिधानेन संततेः स्तम्भकारणम् (so'paśyat praṇidhānena saṃtateḥ stambhakāraṇam) R.1.74;8.19; V.2; तपःस्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणि- धानानि क्रियायोगः (tapaḥsvādhyāyeśvarapraṇi- dhānāni kriyāyogaḥ) Pātañjala S; ईश्वरप्रणिधानाद्वा (īśvarapraṇidhānādvā) Pātañjala S. 23.

4) Respectful behaviour towards (with loc.); जानामि प्रणिधानं ते बाल्यात् प्रभृति नन्दिनि । ब्राह्मणेष्विह सर्वेषु गुरुबन्धुषु चैव ह (jānāmi praṇidhānaṃ te bālyāt prabhṛti nandini | brāhmaṇeṣviha sarveṣu gurubandhuṣu caiva ha) || Mb.3.33.19.

5) Renunciation of the fruit of actions (karmaphalatyāga).

6) Entrance, access.

7) (With Buddhists) A prayer, an entreaty.

Derivable forms: praṇidhānam (प्रणिधानम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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