Pranidhi, Praṇidhi: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pranidhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि) refers to “spy” (a man who, keeping his real character concealed, comes to know what is done and what is not done by others). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.116)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pranidhi in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि).—Son of an Agni called Pāñcajanya. (Śloka 9, Chapter 220, Vana Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि, “aspiration”) or praṇidhipāramitā represents the eighth of the “ten perferctions” (daśapāramitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 18). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., daśa-pāramitā and praṇidhi). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि).—

1) Observing, spying out.

2) Sending out spies.

3) A spy, an emissary; अध्यापितस्योशनसापि नीतिं प्रयुक्तरागप्रणिधिद्विषस्ते (adhyāpitasyośanasāpi nītiṃ prayuktarāgapraṇidhidviṣaste) Ku.3.6; R.17.48; Ms.7.153; 8.182.

4) An attendant, a follower.

5) Care, attention.

6) Solicitation, entreaty, request; 'प्रणिधिः प्रार्थने चरे (praṇidhiḥ prārthane care)' Yādava.

7) A method of driving an elephant; Mātaṅga L.12.6.8. (There are three kinds of praṇidhis : by speech, feet and look.)

Derivable forms: praṇidhiḥ (प्रणिधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि).—m., sometimes f., even nt. (= Pali, and once [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], paṇidhi, q.v., f. according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary], m. according to Chil- ders; both are right) = praṇidhāna, q.v. for development of mgs.; gender f., (praṇidhiṃ…) yā ti (= te) abhūṣi Lalitavistara 167.15 (verse); yā praṇidhi 175.13 (verse); saiṣā te… praṇidhī 283.2 (verse); °dhī…paripūrṇā 364.10 (verse); °dhī iyam evarūpā (mss. °pāḥ) 415.21 (verse); prathamā praṇidhi (v.l. °mo °dhiḥ) Mahāvastu i.48.16; caturthī tadā praṇidhiḥ āsīt 54.6; pañcamā °dhiḥ 54.7; prathamā °dhir 81.2 (these in Mahāvastu all prose); neut., taṃ yuṣmākaṃ mūlapraṇidhiṃ Mahāvastu i.45.8 (complete sentence!); dvitīyapraṇidhiṃ tadāsi 54.3, then was the 2d pra° (Senart em. °yo praṇidhi); of worldly desires, nāstīha me praṇidhi saṃskṛtasarvakāmaiḥ Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 45.7 (verse), and so in a-praṇidhi, q.v.; religious in basis, for desired fate in rebirths on basis of past merit, Avadāna-śataka i.171.1; of religious desires, but other than Buddhahood or Bodhisattvahood, Mahāvastu ii.276.10; Lalitavistara 386.14, 16 (Trapuṣa and Bhallika had made a praṇidhi in a former birth that the Buddha might ‘turn the wheel of the law’ after eating their food; this was fulfilled); a Bodhisattva is called praṇidhī-sāgaru Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 447.4, an ocean of pious vows; mūla- pra°, the original or primary vow leading to ultimate en- lightenment, Mahāvastu i.45.8; commonly of the vow to gain enlightenment, Lalitavistara 161.19; 167.13; Mahāvastu i.237.18; ii.259.14; Jātakamālā 204.1; Avadāna-śataka i.4.1; Gaṇḍavyūha 255.17; praṇidhi-paripūriye Mahāvastu ii.205.16 (so mss., instr., see s.v. praṇidhāna-paripūryai); paripūritavya praṇidhī Gaṇḍavyūha 58.4 (verse); to this, the common, sense also belong the citations of pra° with f. and nt. gender, above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. A spy, a secret agent or emissary. 2. Asking, solicitation or request. 3. Care, attention. 4. A follower. E. pra and ni before, dhā to have, aff. ki .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि).—i. e. pra-ni-dhā (cf. nidhi), m. 1. Spying, Mahābhārata 12, 2155. 2. Sending out (of emissaries), [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 4, 103 Gorr. 3. Request. 4. A spy, an emissary, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 153. 5. A follower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि).—[masculine] watching, spying, sending out (spies); spy, emissary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि):—[=pra-ṇidhi] [from praṇi-dhā] m. watching, observing, spying, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] sending out (spies or emissaries), [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a spy, secret agent, emissary, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (dhī-√bhū, to become a spy, [Pañcatantra])

4) [v.s. ...] an attendant, follower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] care, attention, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] asking, solicitation, request, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]

7) [v.s. ...] prayer, [Divyāvadāna]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Bṛhad-ratha, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि):—[pra-ṇi-dhi] (dhiḥ) 2. m. A spy; asking; care; a follower.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि):—(wie eben) m.

1) das Aufpassen, Spioniren (= avadhāna [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] [Śabdakalpadruma]): amātyarakṣā praṇidhī rājaputrasya lakṣaṇam [Mahābhārata 12, 2155.] das Aussenden (von Spionen) cāra [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 4, 103. 5, 90, 27.] —

2) Bitte [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 18, 102.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 346.] [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 355. 551.] —

3) Aufpasser, Kundschafter, Späher [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 13. 3, 4, 18, 102.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 733.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 34.] [Halāyudha 2, 270.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 153. 223. 8, 182.] [Mahābhārata 3, 16315. 12, 2603.] [Raghuvaṃśa 17, 48.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 3, 6. 17.] [Pañcatantra III, 38.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 82.] [Hitopadeśa 88, 8.] dviṣatpraṇidhībhūtā [Pañcatantra 172, 6.] —

4) Begleiter, Diener [Medinīkoṣa] —

5) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Bṛhadratha [Mahābhārata 3, 14164.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि):—m.

1) das Aufpassen , Spioniren [Mahābhārata 12,59,31.] nach [Nīlakaṇṭha] = guptaścāraḥ. —

2) das Aussenden (von Spionen). —

3) Bitte

4) Aufpasser , Kundschafter , Spion.

5) *Begleiter , Diener.

6) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Bṛhadratha.

--- OR ---

Praṇidhī (प्रणिधी):—Adv. mit bhū zum Späher bei — werden [Pañcatantra 172,6.] praṇidhibhūta [ed.Bomb.2,73,7.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pranidhi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Praṇidhi (प्रणिधि):—(nm) an emissary.

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