Pranatipata, Prāṇātipāta, Prana-atipata: 4 definitions

Introduction

Pranatipata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pranatipata in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Prāṇātipāta (प्राणातिपात) refers to the “neglection of life” or simply “murder”; the abstinence thereof represents one of the three paths classified as kāyakarma-patha” (paths of bodily action) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The paths of bodily action (kāyakarma-patha) are three in number: abstaining (virati) from murder (prāṇātipāta), theft (adattādāna), and wrongful sexual relations (kāmamithyācāra).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pranatipata in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Prāṇātipāta (प्राणातिपात) refers to “killing living creatures” and represents one of the “ten unwholesome things” (kuśala) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 56). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., prāṇa-atipāta). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pranatipata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāṇātipāta (प्राणातिपात).—killing a living being, taking away life.

Derivable forms: prāṇātipātaḥ (प्राणातिपातः).

Prāṇātipāta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prāṇa and atipāta (अतिपात).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇātipāta (प्राणातिपात):—[from prāṇa > prān] m. destruction of life, killing, slaughter, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (with Buddhists one of the 10 sins, [Dharmasaṃgraha])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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