Pracala, Pracalā, Pracāla: 14 definitions


Pracala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prachala.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pracāla (प्रचाल):—Shaking, Movement

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pracala (प्रचल) refers to “that which moves” [i.e., “a moving tongue”], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.19 (“Jalandhara’s emissary to Śiva”).—Accordingly, after Rāhu spoke to Śiva: “When Rāhu spoke thus, a terrific being resonant like the thunder came out from the space between the eyebrows of the trident-bearing deity. He had a leonine mouth with a moving tongue (pracala-jihva); his eyes shed fiery flames; his hair stood at its end; his body was dry and rough. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Pracalā (प्रचला, “drowsiness”) refers to “sleep in sitting posture” one of the eight divisions of Darśanāvaraṇa, or “perception obscuring (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by drowsiness karmas (pracalā)? The karmas which cause semi sleep-awake disposition are called perception obscuring due to drowsiness karmas. Pracalā is also known as Pracalādarśanāvaraṇa or Pracalādarśanāvaraṇīya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pracala (प्रचल).—a.

1) Trembling, shaking, tremulous; य उत्पलाक्षि प्रचलैर्विलोचनैस्तवाक्षिसादृश्यमिव प्रयुञ्जते (ya utpalākṣi pracalairvilocanaistavākṣisādṛśyamiva prayuñjate) Kumārasambhava 5.35; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.38.

2) Current, prevailing, customary.

3) Going well or widely.

-laḥ A peacock; Nigh. Ratn.

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Pracalā (प्रचला).—f. A chamelion (Mar. saraḍā).

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Pracāla (प्रचाल).—The neck of the Indian lute.

Derivable forms: pracālaḥ (प्रचालः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pracala (प्रचल).—(m.?), setting out; in °la-parivarta, title of Lalitavistara Chap. 5: Lalitavistara 54.17 (colophon), chapter of departure (sc. of the Bodhisattva from the Tuṣita heaven to earth).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracala (प्रचल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. What goes much or widely. 2. Current, circulating, customary. 4. Shaking, trembling. E. pra before, cal to go, ac aff.

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Pracāla (प्रचाल).—m.

(-laḥ) The stick or body of the Vina or lute. E. pra before, car to go, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracala (प्रचल).—[pra-cal + a], adj. Trembling, Mahābhārata 1, 1379.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracala (प्रचल).—[adjective] being in motion, trembling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracala (प्रचल):—[=pra-cala] [from pra-cal] mfn. moving, tremulous, shaking, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] what goes well or widely, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] current, circulating, customary, [ib.]

4) Pracāla (प्रचाल):—m. the neck of the Vīṇā or Indian lute, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([wrong reading] for pravāla).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracala (प्रचल):—[pra-cala] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. Current.

2) Pracāla (प्रचाल):—[pra-cāla] (laḥ) 1. m. Body of the lute.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pracāla (प्रचाल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pacāla, Payala, Palayā, Payalā, Payale.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pracala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pracala (ಪ್ರಚಲ):—

1) [adjective] not stable; moving; quivering; shaking.

2) [adjective] that is in use, practice; done habitually.

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Pracala (ಪ್ರಚಲ):—[noun] the quality or fact of being unstable; instability.

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Pracaḷa (ಪ್ರಚಳ):—[adjective] = ಪ್ರಚಲ [pracala]1.

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Pracaḷa (ಪ್ರಚಳ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಚಲ [pracala]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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