Pracalat: 5 definitions


Pracalat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prachalat.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pracalat (प्रचलत्) refers to the “movement” (of water-creatures), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The mighty ocean whose waters were swallowed by Agastya, exhibited gems that eclipsed the splendour of the crowns of the Devas [...] It exhibited [i.e., prasphurat] whales, water elephants, rivers and gems scattered over its bed, and, though deprived of water, presented an appearance splendid as Devaloka. There were also seen, moving to and fro [i.e., pracalat], whales, pearl oysters and conch shells, and the sea altogether looked like a summer lake with its moving waves, water lilies and swans”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pracalat in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pracalat (प्रचलत्) refers to “movement” (of the mountains), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to the seven Sages: “[...] O Brahmins, if Śiva does not marry me I shall remain for ever a virgin. Truth, I tell you the truth. Even if the sun were to rise in the west, even if the mountain Meru were to move [i.e., pracalat]; even if the fire were to be cool and even if the lotus were to bloom on a rock at the top of a mountain, my stubbornness cannot be nullified. I am telling you the truth. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pracalat (प्रचलत्).—a.

1) Shaken, moved, set in motion.

2) Moving about; एतस्मिन् प्रचलाकिनां प्रचलतामुद्वेजिताः कूजितैः (etasmin pracalākināṃ pracalatāmudvejitāḥ kūjitaiḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.29.

3) Wandering, roaming.

4) Having set out or proceeded.

5) Customary, recognized or received as authority.

6) Current, prevalent.

7) confused, bewildered.

-tam Going away, departure.

See also (synonyms): pracalita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pracalat (प्रचलत्).—mfn. (-lan-lantī-lat) 1. Going, proceeding far or much. 2. Prevailing, circulating, being customary or current. 3. Being recognised, (as authority or law, &c.) E. pra before, cal to go, śatṛ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pracalat (प्रचलत्):—[=pra-calat] [from pra-cal] mfn. moving, trembling, shaking, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] going, proceeding far or much, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] circulating, being current or customary, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] prevailing, being recognized (as authority or law), [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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