The Bhikkhus Rules

A Guide for Laypeople

by Bhikkhu Ariyesako | 1998 | 50,970 words

The Theravadin Buddhist Monk's Rules compiled and explained by: Bhikkhu Ariyesako Discipline is for the sake of restraint, restraint for the sake of freedom from remorse, freedom from remorse for the sake of joy, joy for the sake of rapture, rapture for the sake of tranquillity, tranquillity for the sake of pleasure, pleasure for the sake of conce...


The Age of Vinaya, A Historical Cultural Study, G.S.P. Misra, Munshiram Manoharlal, 1972.

The Banner of the Arahants, Buddhist Monks and Nuns from the Buddhas Time till Now, by Bhikkhu Khantipalo, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 1979

The Book of the Discipline, trans. I.B. Horner, in 6 volumes, Pali Text Society, 1970-86, 73 Lime Walk, Headington, Oxford OX3 7AD, England. [This is the (almost) complete English translation of the original Paali texts.]

Burmese Buddhist Culture, The Initiation of Novicehood and the Ordination of Monkhood, by Sao Htun Hmat Win, Department of Religious Affairs, Rangoon, Burma, 1986

The Buddhist Monastic Code, The Patimokkha Training Rules, translated and explained by Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Metta Forest Monastery, PO Box 1409, Valley Center, CA 92082, USA (Published for free distribution, also available on Buddhist WWW sites. See below.) [An excellent reference book, especially for bhikkhus. The present work relies on it extensively.]

Buddhist Monastic Discipline, Jotiya Dhirasekera,Ministry of Higher Education Research Publication Series, 1982, Sri Lanka.

Buddhist Monastic Discipline: The Sanskrit Praatimoksa Suutras of the Mahaasaa.mghikas and Muulasarvaastivaadins, by Charles S. Premish, The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1975, ISBN 0-271-01171-8. [Contains two other Patimokkha versions and some background and a major bibliography.]

The Buddhist Monks Discipline, Bhikkhu Khantipalo, Wheel Publication aa130/131, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 1969.

Buddhist Monastic Life — according to the texts of the Theravada tradition, Mohan Wijayaratana,Cambridge University Press 1990, ISBN 0 -521 -36428 -0.

Dictionary of Buddhism, Phra Dhammapitok (P. A. Payutto), Maha- chulalongkorn University,Bangkok, 1995, ISBN 974-8357-89-9 [Mostly in Thai with some very useful English parts. The author is currently the foremost Buddhist scholar in Thailand.]

The Entrance to the Vinaya, Vinayamukha, in 3 vols, Ven. Somdet (Phra Maha Samana Chao Krom Phraya) Vajiranyanavarorasa, Mahamakut Rajavidyalaya Press, Bangkok, 1969-83. [Standard Thai Vinaya Commentary for bhikkhus, translated into English.]

Forest Monks and the Nation State, An Anthropological and Historical Study in Northeastern Thailand, J.L. Taylor, ISEAS 1993, ISBN 981-3016-49-3. [A knowledgeable, if technical study, showing the interaction between a group of forest monks and society at large.]

A Guide to Buddhist Monasteries and Meditation Centres in Thailand, by Bill Weir, Third Edition, 1991, World Fellowship of Buddhists, 33 Sukhumvit Road, Bangkok 10110, Thailand. [Also contains information on the etiquette and practicalities of staying in Thai monasteries.]

The Heritage Of The Sangha, The lifestyle and training of the Buddhist religious community, by Thiradhammo Bhikkhu. [Newly revised Edition, December 1996, in Manuscript]

An Introduction to Buddhism, Teachings, history and practices, by Peter Harvey, Cambridge University Press, 1990, ISBN 0521 31333 3

Introduction to the Patimokkha Rules, translated and explained by Thanissaro Bhikkhu (Geoffrey DeGraff), Metta Forest Monastery, PO Box 1409, Valley Center, CA 92082, USA. (For free distribution from the WWW.) [See Appendix B.]

Lay Buddhist Practice, by Bhikkhu Khantipalo,Wheel No. 206/207, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 1982.

A Lay Buddhists Guide to the Monks Code of Conduct, Serpentine Buddhist Monastery, Lot 1 Kingsbury Drive, Serpentine, WA 6205, Australia.(Also: Bodhinyanarama Monastery, 17 Rakau Grove, Stokes Valley, Wellington, New Zealand.) [Pamphlet]

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, translated by Bhikkhu Naa.namoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, Wisdom Publications, 1995. ISBN 0-86171-072-X [A superb translation from the original Paali offering many authentic views of the ancient life of bhikkhus.]

Navakovaada. Instructions for Newly ordained Bhikkhus and Saamaneras, compiled by Ven. Somdet (Phra Mahaa Samana Chao Krom Phraya) Vajiranyanavarorasa, Mahamakut Rajavidyalaya Press, Phra Sumeru Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand, 1990. Translated from the Thai original. [A good though somewhat condensed guide to the Paa.timokkha Rule, suitable for lay people.]

Observances, Wat Pah Nanachat, Ban Bung Wai, Ubon Ratchathani 34310, Thailand. [Pamphlet]

Ordination Procedure and the Preliminary duties of a New Bhikkhu, by Ven. Somdet (Phra Mahaa Samana Chao Krom Phraya) Vajiranyanavarorasa, translated by Bhikkhu Thanissaro and Bhikkhu Kantasilo, Mahamakut Rajavidyalaya Press, Phra Sumeru Road, Bangkok 10200, Second Edition, 1989.

The Paa.timokkha, trans. by Ven. Naa.namoli Thera, Mahamakut Rajavidyalaya Press, Bangkok, 1966; Second Edition 1969.

Vinaya in Theravada Temples in the United States, Journal of Buddhist Ethics, Volume 1: 1994: Discussion Article, by Paul David Numrich.

WWW resources: Access to Insight is an excellent starting point:

_ Demonstrating how all the Buddhist Traditions still preserve the Vinaya texts:

Advice from Buddha Shakyamuni concerning a Monks Discipline, An Abridged Exposition of the Bhikshus Precepts, by Tenzin Gyatso, translated by Tsepak Rigzin and Glen H. Mullin, Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, Dharamsala, 1982.

The Bhikshu Pratimoksha Precepts, from The Four Part Vinaya of the Dharmagupta School, translated by The Buddhist Text Translation Society, Tathagata Monastery, City of Ten Thousand Buddhas, Talmage, California, 95481-0217, USA

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