Palika, Pālikā: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Palika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pālikā (पालिका) refers to a “guardian (of the forest)”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Then Pārvatī reached the Western Himagahvara. There was a guardian of the forest (vanapālikā) there called Ratnāvatyā. [...] The goddess who was the guardian of the forest bowed her head to the goddess surrounded by the host of female skyfarers. Her face charming, the goddess said to the guardian (pālikā) (of the forest)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Pālikā (पालिका) refers to “special pots” (used during the great festival—mahotsava), as discussed in the nineteenth chapter of the Nāradīyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra document comprising over 3000 verses in 30 chapters presenting in a narrative framework the teachings of Nārada to Gautama, dealing primarily with modes of worship and festivals.—Description of the chapter [mahotsava-vidhi]: Nārada here offers to describe the procedure for mahotsava festivities. The icon to be used in the processions may be the balibimba, the karmabimba or the utsavabmba. In any case, it is to be prepared with snapana-baths, and after due naivedya-offerings, clays are to be collected and put in special pālikā-pots or an aṅkurārpaṇa-germinations. Thereupon homa-offerings are made (1-42) [...]

2) Pālikā (पालिका) refers to “germinating trays”, as discussed in chapter 13 of the Puruṣottamasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra text consisting of more than 1800 verses devoted to temple-building and the practical concerns of the Pāñcarātra priestly community.—Description of the chapter [aṅkurārpaṇa-vidhi]: The narrator continues by telling how to prepare the maṇḍala-motif upon which the pālikā-germinating trays are to be placed (1-6), how to prepare this pālikās themselves (7-12a) and how to place them (12b-20). Having done this much, water-pots are also placed around the pālikās on the maṇḍala (21-25). The seeds are next taken, washed, blessed, etc., and planted (26-43a).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pālika (पालिक) refers to “one who protects (a door)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “A bad birth is hard to be accomplished even in a dream for him whose judgment, which is extremely skilful at examination like a door-keeper [com.dvārapālika], shines in the mind. Having got rid of the multitude of imaginings, when the steady mind holds onto [its] nature, then it is indeed the best [form of] stopping the influx of karma for a mendicant”.

Synonyms: Pālin.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Palikā or Pālikā.—(EI 1, 11), same as pālī; a measure of capa- city; measure of capacity for liquids (Ep. Ind., Vol. XV, p. 309). Note: palikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Palika (पलिक).—a. Weighing a पल (pala).

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Pālikā (पालिका).—

1) The tip of the ear.

2) The sharp edge of a sword or of any cutting instrument.

3) A butterknife; Rām.1.73.21.

4) A pot or boiler.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pālika (पालिक).—m. (= Sanskrit pālaka; perhaps to Sanskrit pālin plus -ka), protector: °ka vardhika (q.v.) sarvaguṇānām Śikṣāsamuccaya 2.18 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pālikā (पालिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The sharp edge of a cutting instrument. 2. A sort of ladle or knife for skimming milk, curds, &c. 3. The lobe of the ear. E. pālī as above, with kan added; see also pālaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Palika (पलिक).—[-palika], i. e. -pala + ika, latter part of comp. adj. preceded by numerals, Weighing (so many) palas, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 105.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Palika (पलिक):—[from pala] mf(ā)n. weighing a Pala, [Caraka; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. after a numeral) weighing so many P°, [Yājñavalkya; Suśruta etc.]

3) Pālikā (पालिका):—[from pāli] f. (cf. under pāla) the tip of the ear, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a margin, edge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a pot or boiler, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

6) [v.s. ...] a cheese or butter knife, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pālikā (पालिका):—(kā) 1. f. A sharp edge of any instrument; a ladle for skimming milk; lobe of the ear.

[Sanskrit to German]

Palika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paḷika (ಪಳಿಕ):—

1) [noun] transparent, colourless or slightly tinged quartz; a crystal.

2) [noun] something resembling crystal in transparency, colourlessness and clarity.

3) [noun] a solidified form of a substance in which the atoms or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern that is repeated regularly in three dimensions.

4) [noun] the plant Barleria cristata of Acanthaceae family; purple nail dye plant.

5) [noun] its flower.

6) [noun] the plant Rhinacanthus nasuta ( = R. communis) of Acanthaceae family.

7) [noun] a camphor crystal.

8) [noun] a glow of reflected light; a lustre.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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